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Very Rare Company Of Watermen, River Thames, 'Tudor' Barge Fork Circa 1530

Large 'Y' shaped head and old oak haft. It bears two large letters stamped in the iron ' T & M'. These are likely for a Barge Company of Waterman mark. We had another about 10 years ago bearing the same company mark and these historical artifacts are now really rare. Recovered from the Thames near London Bridge. In the 16th Century the Company of Watermen were the equivalent to today’s cabbies. Created by an Act of Parliament in 1556 and their trade was carefully licensed. They would ply for hire from designated locations along the Thames, with the cry of ‘Oars! Oars!’

When the watermen were not transporting people they would turn their hand to salvage and found a brisk trade in finding bodies, either suicides or those who?d accidentally drowned or been murdered. By a curious quirk of history, the origins of which are now lost, bodies were almost always landed on the south side of the river because the authorities would pay a shilling for a body landed in Southwark but only sixpence for one landed on the north bank. Clearly waterborne cabbies were not averse to ‘going south of the river’ in those days.

One on the best trips for the Watermen was from the City to as far up river as Hampton Court.The trade was not without its dangers; if you wanted to travel downstream below London Bridge you risked life and limb. A major feature of London Bridge was the effect it had on the Thames. The location of the bridge?s 19 timber pier supports (called starlings) was determined by riverbed conditions and this meant that they were varied in spacing across the river. Consequently, the arch spans varied in size too and boats navigating the arches encountered different currents and river conditions at each one. Some were more dangerous than others. Over the years, boatmen christened the arches with various names, such as Gut, Lock and Long Entry. Navigating through these arches in a boat could be very dangerous because the closeness and number of starlings backed up the river water, creating rapids. In some places the drop in water height from one side of the bridge to the other was more than the height of a man. Many people lost their lives ‘shooting’ the bridge and ‘Drowned at the bridge’ became a common entry in the registers at nearby graveyards, but most Londoners took Cardinal Wolsey's example. On his frequent visits to Greenwich to see Henry VIII, he would have his barge stopped above the bridge and get out and travel to Billingsgate by mule, where he would rejoin his barge, providing it had successfully negotiated the rapids. The barge fork was used to push a barge away from an obstruction, or for pushing off from the river bank or jetty. The last picture is of a statue of the Martyr John Roche a Thames Waterman, Martyred at Tyburn in 1588, who is mounted St Etheldreda’s Church in Ely Place, London, along the North and South walls, alongside his fellow 7 Martyrs. Fork head 13.1 inches long by 6.25 inches across. Total length around 5+ foot.

Code: 21232

850.00 GBP

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Original, Fascinating Dark Ages Period, 7th Century Long Latch Lifter. Anglo Saxon Period Artefact

This would make a fabulous Christmas gift for those intrigued by early medieval England, but also incredibly inexpensive for such an impressive and original ancient conversational piece. Effectively it was the earliest form of door key for a home. One places it through an outside door's recess cut for the latch lifter, pushed through, the latch lifter drops down to hook upon the inside latch, and as it is pulled up and thus opening the door from the outside. The Dark Ages are estimated to have stretched from 500 to 1066 AD. Essentially from the fall of the Roman Empire to the Battle of Hastings in Britain.

After the end of Roman Britain, the land became a melting pot of Britons, Anglo Saxons and Vikings – all of whom variously shaped the character of the countryside. When the Anglo-Saxons arrived in Britain they were greeted by crumbling Roman cities, bridges and roads. Their impressions of this worn landscape can be seen in many of their Old English place names, which marked them out as remnants of a bygone age. For example, Chester was named ceaster by the Anglo-Saxons, whose Latin root means ‘military camp’.

Other place names hint at the Anglo-Saxons’ imaginative landscape – the supernatural creatures they believed to inhabit the groves and valleys. Just outside Durham there is a village called Shincliffe, which means ‘slope of the spectre or demon’ in Old English. The lady of the house would wear it around her girdle on a hook. They were such an important and highly symbolic part of a well-to-do lady's life, they were often buried with her upon her death, along with brooches or buckles. See Fuchs, K. et al. Die Alamannen, Stuttgart, 1997 for discussion of male and female grave assemblages of this period. From the family collection of a London gentleman; formed in the late 1940s-1950s; thence by descent. The latch lifters are typical of female grave assemblages (along with brooches, beads, buckles and other items of personal adornment" Total length 10 inches long. Very strong and good, sound condition. As with all our items it comes complete with our certificate of authenticity.

Code: 21903

125.00 GBP

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Most Attractive and Beautiful Enamel Portrait Miniature, Duke of Wellington

Set in a charming and nice quality frame. Very finely executed in painted enamels on a copper plate. After Thomas Lawrence, a leading English portrait painter and the fourth president of the Royal Academy. Probably by renown enamel miniature portrait artist K.Seldon. Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, KG, GCB, GCH, PC, FRS (1 May 1769 ? 14 September 1852) was an Anglo-Irish soldier and Tory statesman who was one of the leading military and political figures of 19th-century Britain, serving twice as Prime Minister. His victory against Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815 puts him in the first rank of Britain's military heroes.

Wellesley was born in Dublin into the Protestant Ascendancy in Ireland. He was commissioned as an ensign in the British Army in 1787, serving in Ireland as aide-de-camp to two successive Lords Lieutenant of Ireland. He was also elected as a Member of Parliament in the Irish House of Commons. He was a colonel by 1796, and saw action in the Netherlands and in India, where he fought in the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War at the Battle of Seringapatam. He was appointed governor of Seringapatam and Mysore in 1799 and, as a newly appointed major-general, won a decisive victory over the Maratha Confederacy at the Battle of Assaye in 1803.

Wellesley rose to prominence as a general during the Peninsular campaign of the Napoleonic Wars, and was promoted to the rank of field marshal after leading the allied forces to victory against the French Empire at the Battle of Vitoria in 1813. Following Napoleon's exile in 1814, he served as the ambassador to France and was granted a dukedom. During the Hundred Days in 1815, he commanded the allied army which, together with a Prussian army under Bl?cher, defeated Napoleon at Waterloo. Wellington's battle record is exemplary; he ultimately participated in some 60 battles during the course of his military career.

Wellington is famous for his adaptive defensive style of warfare, resulting in several victories against numerically superior forces while minimising his own losses. He is regarded as one of the greatest defensive commanders of all time, and many of his tactics and battle plans are still studied in military academies around the world.

After the end of his active military career, Wellington returned to politics. He was twice British prime minister as part of the Tory party: from 1828 to 1830, and for a little less than a month in 1834. He oversaw the passage of the Catholic Relief Act 1829, but opposed the Reform Act 1832. He continued as one of the leading figures in the House of Lords until his retirement and remained Commander-in-Chief of the British Army until his death. 4" x 3.2" inc. the frame

Code: 22017

675.00 GBP

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A Most Interesting and Intriguing 18th Century Small Sword, circa 1770, with a Trefoil Colichemarde blade

Gilt hilt with numerous classical representations of male and female figures. The figures are intriguing to say the least, upon the double shell guard there are a pair of male and female figures, each holding classical noble sceptres, the male figure has a somewhat Egyptian hair style and a tall crown, but also bat type wings. The pommel has an embossed portrait bust of a classical king, and the quillon block has two classical figures, both with staff, one with a cloak one without, but intriguingly and rarely seen, the cloakless male figure has his [obvious] full compliment of 'gentleman's marital equipment' [see photo], which is most rare to see on antique weaponry. The sword bears a trefoil colichemarde blade that is beautifully inlaid with a 1.75 inch panel of copper-gold alloy in a geometric pattern. The grip is multi wire bound over wood that is a tad spaced now through age. The small sword or smallsword is a light one-handed sword designed for thrusting which evolved out of the longer and heavier rapier of the late Renaissance. The height of the small sword's popularity was between mid 17th and late 18th century. It is thought to have appeared in France and spread quickly across the rest of Europe. The small sword was the immediate predecessor of the French duelling sword (from which the épée developed) and its method of use—as typified in the works of such authors as Sieur de Liancour, Domenico Angelo, Monsieur J. Olivier, and Monsieur L'Abbat—developed into the techniques of the French classical school of fencing. Small swords were also used as status symbols and fashion accessories; for most of the 18th century anyone, civilian or military, with pretensions to gentlemanly status would have worn a small sword on a daily basis.
The small sword could be a highly effective duelling weapon, and some systems for the use of the bayonet were developed using the method of the smallsword as their foundation, (including perhaps most notably, that of Alfred Hutton).
The highly distinctive colishmarde blades appeared in 1680 and were popular during the next 40 years at the royal European courts. The colichemarde bladed swords had a special popularity with the officers of the French and Indian War period. Even George Washington had a very fine one just as this example.

The colichemarde descended from the so-called "transition rapier", which appeared because of a need for a lighter sword, better suited to parrying. It was not so heavy at its point; it was shorter and allowed a limited range of double time moves.The colichemarde in turn appeared as a thrusting blade too and also with a good parrying level, hence the strange, yet successful shape of the blade.

This sword appeared at about the same time as the foil. However the foil was created for practising fencing at court, while the colichemarde was created for dueling. With the appearance of pocket pistols as a self-defense weapon, the colichemardes found an even more extensive use in dueling.
This was achieved thanks to a wide forte (often with several fullers), which then stepped down in width after the fullers ended.The result of this strange shape was a higher maneuverability of the sword: with the weight of the blade concentrated in one's hand it became possible to maneuver the blade at a greater speed and with a higher degree of control, allowing the fencer to place a precise thrust at his/her adversary. The knuckle bow has been removed by design and there is no sharp tip point remaining to the overall russetted blade.
Overall 26.75 inches long overall, hilt 5.25 inches.

Code: 23962

595.00 GBP

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A Superb, Original, Iron 18th Century Signalling & Saluting Cannon, a 1724 Armstrong Pattern Cannon.

Probably the best form of original English Georgian period artillery that would be fabulous and yet easily mobile within any home. A fabulous statement cum conversation piece that is also an original antique military artefact from the Anglo ~French wars. Part of a stunning original selection of artefacts used in the golden age of piracy and privateers from the 1660’s to the 1740’s. Set on very finely crafted iron bound carriage partly of later date. The ironwork trunion locks and wheels are original. This wonderful cannon is of the sort were often used on ships of the line and in Royal Naval ports, to signal the fleet or the harbour if in the port, and for an official salute. The barrel bears a monogram of PR. We believe this may represent the Caribbean Royal Naval port, Port Royal, Jamaica, the centre of the Royal Navy in the Carribean from 1713 to 1905. Young King Charles IInd when Prince of Wales had around fifteen of such pieces of armament. It would look astounding on a desk, or as an embellishment to a fine and stately gentleman's library or office or indeed conference room. No better statement of power, grandeur and distinction can be reflected by this finest, original King George IIIrd period, working signal cannon based, on the great Royal Naval Cannon,The evolution of the design from 1720s, culminating in the final 1760 pattern through the later years of the 18th century. The Armstrong pattern guns became the standard issue for the Royal Navy that bestrode the great 18th century 100 gunner warships, the leviathans of the seven seas. Colonel John Armstrong took over as Surveyor General of Ordnance in 1722. Armstrong immediately set about redesigning the Borgard cannon system [called culverin] with modified designs in 1722 and 1724. Picture in the gallery of the firing of a similar signal cannon at sea around the time this was made, plus another original that is still fired regularly at the Cape of Good Hope.
It used to be the custom to fire salutes with the gun “shotted”, i.e. using powder and shot. When the news of the restoration of Charles II reached the fleet, which was then anchored in the Downs, Samuel Pepys recounted: "The General began to fire his guns, which he did, all that he had in the ship, and so did the rest of the commanders, which was very gallant, and to hear the bullets go hissing over our heads as we were in the boat." The Admiralty prohibition against firing salutes above Gravesend, Kent, is said to date from an occasion when a shot fired during a salute went uncomfortably close to Greenwich Palace where Queen Elizabeth I was then residing. Port Royal has one of the most interesting histories of any ports in the world. There is even speculation in pirate folklore that the infamous Blackbeard (Edward Teach) met a howler monkey, while at leisure in a Port Royal alehouse, whom he named Jefferson and formed a strong bond with during the expedition to the island of New Providence. Recent genealogical research indicates that Blackbeard and his family moved to Jamaica where Edward Teach, Jr. is listed as being a mariner in the Royal Navy aboard HMS Windsor in 1706. Port Royal benefited from this lively, glamorous infamy and grew to be one of the two largest towns and the most economically important port in the English colonies. At the height of its popularity, the city had one drinking house for every 10 residents. In July 1661 alone, 40 new licenses were granted to taverns. During a 20-year period that ended in 1692, nearly 6,500 people lived in Port Royal. In addition to prostitutes and buccaneers, there were four goldsmiths, 44 tavern keepers, and a variety of artisans and merchants who lived in 2,000 buildings crammed into 51 acres (21 ha) of real estate. 213 ships visited the seaport in 1688. The city's wealth was so great that coins were preferred for payment over the more common system of bartering goods for services.

Following Henry Morgan's appointment as lieutenant governor, Port Royal began to change. Pirates were no longer needed to defend the city. The selling of slaves took on greater importance. Upstanding citizens disliked the reputation the city had acquired. In 1687, Jamaica passed anti-piracy laws. Consequently, instead of being a safe haven for pirates, Port Royal became noted as their place of execution. Gallows Point welcomed many to their death, including Charles Vane and Calico Jack, who were hanged in 1720. About five months later, the famous woman pirate Mary Read died in the Jamaican prison in Port Royal. Two years later, 41 pirates met their death in one month.

It is around 21 inches long overall on the carriage, 1inch bore. Weighing approx 15.8 kilos.

Code: 23350

3750.00 GBP

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A Huge Original Victorian Beaumont Adams Patent Percussion Revolver

From the workshop of William Bishop 170 New Bond St. Large calibre revolver the same type as were issued to the London Metropolitan Police from the 1860's up to the' Jack the Ripper' era of the Whitechapel Murders in the 1880's. During the 1860s, the flintlock pistols that had been purchased in 1829 were decommissioned from service, being superseded by 622 Beaumont?Adams revolvers firing the large calibre bullet which were loaned from the army stores at the Tower of London following the Clerkenwell bombing. In 1883, a ballot was carried out to gather information on officers' views on whether they wished to be armed, and 4,430 out of 6,325 officers serving on outer divisions requested to be issued with revolvers. Later the Beaumont Adams was itself replaced by the Webley Bulldog. The Whitechapel murders were committed in or near the impoverished Whitechapel district in the East End of London between 3 April 1888 and 13 February 1891. At various points some or all of these eleven unsolved murders of women have been ascribed to the notorious unidentified serial killer known as Jack the Ripper.

Most, if not all, of the victims?Emma Elizabeth Smith, Martha Tabram, Mary Ann "Polly" Nichols, Annie Chapman, Elizabeth Stride, Catherine Eddowes, Mary Jane Kelly, Rose Mylett, Alice McKenzie, Frances Coles, and an unidentified woman?were prostitutes. Smith was sexually assaulted and robbed by a gang. Tabram was stabbed 39 times. Nichols, Chapman, Stride, Eddowes, Kelly, McKenzie and Coles had their throats cut. Eddowes and Stride were killed on the same night, minutes and less than a mile apart; their murders were nicknamed the "double event", after a phrase in a postcard sent to the press by someone claiming to be the Ripper. The bodies of Nichols, Chapman, Eddowes and Kelly had abdominal mutilations. Mylett was strangled. The body of the unidentified woman was dismembered, but the exact cause of her death is unclear.

The Metropolitan Police, City of London Police, and private organisations such as the Whitechapel Vigilance Committee were involved in the search for the killer or killers. Despite extensive inquiries and several arrests, the culprit or culprits evaded identification and capture. The murders drew attention to the poor living conditions in the East End slums, which were subsequently improved. The enduring mystery of who committed the crimes has captured public imagination to the present day. Significant remains of the of makers name and address, William Bishop to top strap. There is no doubt this pistol has seen fair combat service in it's working life. There are overall russetted surfaces in areas, and replaced trigger guard, the action works fine for age and rotation is correct. The history of Adams patent revolvers; So many Adams Revolvers were imported and used by both sides of the Civil war, that it was the most common double-action revolver used in America, during in the Civil War.
The Crimean war saw the first competition between single-action (mostly Colt Navy 1851 model) and the double-action Adams revolver in a real conflict. It was found that the single action Colt was more rugged and reliable than the Adams revolver. However, in the type of fighting experienced in Crimea, the slower thumb-cocking method of the single-actions was seen as less useful compared to the rapid fire capability of the double-action revolvers.

J.G. Crosse of the 88th Regiment of Foot wrote a personal letter to Adams: "I had one of your largest sized Revolver Pistols at the bloody battle of Inkermann, and by some chance got surrounded by the Russians. I then found the advantages of your pistol over that of Colonel Colt's, for had I to cock before each shot I should have lost my life. I should not have had time to cock, as they were too close to me, being only a few yards from me; so close that I was bayoneted through the thigh immediately after shooting the fourth man."
One of the veterans of the Crimean war was Lieutenant Frederick E. B. Beaumont of the Royal Engineers. During the war, he came up with a design that improved the flaws of the Adams revolver. After he was granted a patent, he went to the firm of Deane, Adams and Deane, the makers of the Adams revolver and offered them the rights to manufacture his improved design. The resulting revolver was the Beaumont-Adams revolver.
During the Indian Mutiny, the effectiveness of the Adams revolvers came to the forefront again, where not only was the Colt's slowness called into question, but also its perceived lack of stopping power versus the British revolvers. A damning report was submitted by Lt. Col. George Vincent Fosbery: "An officer, who especially prided himself in his pistol shooting, was attacked by a stalwart mutineer armed with a heavy sword. The officer, unfortunately for himself, carried a Colt's Navy pistol of small caliber and fired a sharp-pointed bullet of sixty to the pound and a heavy charge of powder, its range being 600 yards, as I have frequently proved. This he proceeded to empty into the sepoy as soon as he advanced, but having done so, he waited just one second too long to see the effect of his shooting and was cloven to the teeth by his antagonist, who then dropped down and died beside him. My informant told me that five out of the six bullets had struck the sepoy close together in the chest, and all had passed through him and out of his back." Reports like these commonly emerged from the Indian Mutiny and it wasn't long before the double action British revolvers began to grow in popularity because of their rapid firepower and superior stopping power. By the end of 1857, Colt had to close down their factory in London due to dropping sales.

Infamous users of the Adams revolver included Mad Dan Morgan. Mad Dan and his white bulldog were notorious Australian Bushrangers. Preying on gold-diggers under the cover of his butchers shambles at Barkers Creek, Castlemaine, he and his dog took the hard-earned gold from prospectors. Eventually he was arrested for the robbery of a hawker in 1854.
The pistol has been adapted at some time with the removal of the ramrod, and it lacks its cylinder locating pin. The price reflects its worn condition etc. but this is a scarcely seen and huge pistol used in three incredible wars in Russia, India and America and in the Metropolitan Police. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables

Code: 22679

1245.00 GBP

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A Beautiful 19th Century Ottoman-Indo-Persian Exotic Horn Hilted Jambiya

Very fine carved hilt in exotic horn with double edged blade with central rib. embossed leather covered wooden scabbard. The jambiya were taken by travelers to other cultures including the Ottoman Empire, Persia and India, where they were adopted with slight differences to the blade, hilt and scabbard.A significant part of a jambiya is its hilt (handle). The saifani hilt is made of exotic horn, It is used on the daggers of wealthier men. Different versions of saifani hilts can be distinguished by their colour. Other jambiya hilts are made of different types of horn, wood, metal and ivory. Apart from the material used for the hilt, the design and detail is a measure of its value and the status of its owner. there are 53 different types of Jambiya in the Metropolitan museum Collection, some bear a similarity to this example, many with near identical blades. Overall 9.5 inches long.

Code: 23958

340.00 GBP

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A Super, Original, ‘Wild West’ Period, Colt Single Action Army Revolver

6 Shot .44” Colt Army Single Action Percussion Revolver (matching serial numbers), round barrel stamped ADDRESS COL. SAML COLT NEW-YORK U.S. AMERICA, underlever rammer, frame stamped COLTS PATENT, stepped cylinder roll engraved with naval scene and COLTS PATENT, PATENTED SEPT 10TH 1850, brass trigger guard, iron grip strap, one piece wooden grip inlaid with home-made heart and diamond-shaped silver escutcheons prick engraved with owner’s initials J.T.B. The silver escutcheons are a super addition to this handsome revolver and add an invaluable addition by way of its provenance by the use of its owner in the wild West period. Although unlikely it might be interesting to research and see if one can find to whom the initials may refer to, there are other engravings which are difficult to decipher but also may reveal some intriguing potential to its history. The Colt single action army has one other fine attribute, in that it feels wonderful when held in the hand, so beautifully balanced and ergonomically designed, it really is a delight to hold, and there is no other revolver [apart from its cousin the Colt single action Navy] that feels quite like it.

This original 1860 model Colt Army 44 cal. revolver would be a most fine addition to, or start of, any collection of fine arms, a delightful revolver of American history, with a very strong spring action and average age wear.This is the largest percussion calibre of pistol made by Colt in the world renown 'Wild West' era, and one of the most popular types of Colt revolver of the Civil War, used by both combatant sides of the Union and the Confederacy. As the successor to the big Colt Dragoon, this sleek and handsome hogleg packed plenty of power but was easier to handle. Colt’s 1860 was used by the U.S. Cavalry, the Texas Rangers and General Ben McCulloch’s Texas Confederates, Wells Fargo detective James Hume, Mormon “Avenging Angel” Porter Rockwell, El Paso City Marshal Dallas Stoudenmire, the James brothers Jesse James and Frank James, Wes Hardin, Sam Bass and scores of good and bad men. A true icon of 19th century America and one of the most famous and best Colt revolvers of it's type ever made. It had the greatest stopping power, and was a very popular and highly effective pistol from the Civil War, and into the Wild West era. There were many, many world famous officers and cowboys who used this very form of revolver, and Jesse James was photographed wearing several of them which he captured in combat fighting for the Confederacy in 1864 with Quantrill's Raiders. It was favoured as a side arm by cavalry, infantry, and artillery troops.

Around 200,000 were manufactured from 1860 through 1873. Colt's biggest customer was the US Government with over 127,000 units being purchased and issued to the troops. The weapon was a single-action, six-shot weapon accurate up to 75 to 100 yards, where the fixed sights were typically set when manufactured. The rear sight was a notch in the hammer, clearly visible only when the revolver was cocked.

The Colt .44-calibre “Army" Model was one of the most widely used revolvers of the Civil War. It was the revolver of choice for officers, artillerymen, and cavalrymen. The Colt .44 had a six-shot, rotating cylinder. It fired a 0.454-inch diameter round lead ball, or a conical projectile, that was propelled by a 30 grain charge of black powder ignited by a brass percussion cap that was struck by the hammer. When fired, balls had a muzzle velocity of about 750 feet per second.
Barrel 8 inch barrel overall 13.75 inches long. Good condition, usual wear overall. Good tight action. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables

Code: 23465

3250.00 GBP

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3rd Middlesex Rifle Volunteers Regimental Rifle Club Pewter Tankard Trophy

1884 3rd Class Competition won By Pvt J. Scott C. Company It has a glass bottom that was introduced in the 18th century, it is said, so the drinker could see if a coin had been dropped in his beer.

Known as Taking the King's Shilling, recruiting sergeants were known to drop a shilling coin into a prospective recruit’s beer that only became apparent once the beer mug was emptied. The tale goes that having drunk the beer the poor fellow had accepted the King's shilling and had therefore volunteered to serve in His Majesty's Army or Navy. Sadly the practice was legal and many landlubbers were pressed into service this way.

Code: 23953

135.00 GBP

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A 'East India 1843 Lancer's Pattern' Percussion Holster Pistol

An Indian percussion lancer's type pistol. Walnut stock, traditional lancer's pattern brass butt cap with iron lanyard ring, octagonal barrel with foresight and captive ram rod. Percussion lock with psuedo Tower mark. Although marked London, this is almost certainly a nicely made Indian pistol, used for the domestic native forces. The Indian Army has its origins in the years after the Indian Rebellion of 1857, often called the Indian Mutiny in British histories, when in 1858 the Crown took over direct rule of British India from the East India Company. Before 1858, the precursor units of the Indian Army were units controlled by the Company and were paid for by their profits. These operated alongside units of the British Army, funded by the British government in London.

The armies of the East India Company were recruited primarily from Muslims in the Bengal Presidency, which consisted of Bengal, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh, and high caste Hindus recruited primarily from the rural plains of Oudh. Many of these troops took part in the Indian Mutiny, with the aim of reinstating the Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah II at Delhi.

The meaning of the term "Indian Army" has changed over time: The Indian Army has its origins in the years after the Indian Rebellion of 1857, often called the Indian Mutiny in British histories, when in 1858 the Crown took over direct rule of British India from the East India Company. Before 1858, the precursor units of the Indian Army were units controlled by the Company and were paid for by their profits. These operated alongside units of the British Army, funded by the British government in London. 7.5 inch barrel. As with all our antique guns, no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables

Code: 22966

555.00 GBP

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