Antique Arms & Militaria

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An 1801 Pattern, Tower of London, Royal Navy Issue, Short Sea Service Pistol, With Skull Crusher Butt, Battle Of Trafalgar Period

An 1801 Pattern, Tower of London, Royal Navy Issue, Short Sea Service Pistol, With Skull Crusher Butt, Battle Of Trafalgar Period

The King George IIIrd issue British Royal Naval Sea Service pistol has always been the most desirable and valuable pistol sought by collectors.

Exactly as issued and used by all the British Ship's-of-the-Line, at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805.
Such as;
HMS Victory,
HMS Temeraire,
HMS Dreadnought,
HMS Revenge,
HMS Agamemnon,
HMS Colossus
HMS Leviathan &
HMS Achilles.
Some of the most magnificent ships, manned by the finest crews, that have ever sailed the seven seas.

Battle of Trafalgar, (October 21, 1805), naval engagement of the Napoleonic Wars, which established British naval supremacy for more than 100 years; it was fought west of Cape Trafalgar, Spain, between Cádiz and the Strait of Gibraltar. A fleet of 33 ships (18 French and 15 Spanish) under Admiral Pierre de Villeneuve fought a British fleet of 27 ships under Admiral Horatio Nelson.

At the end of September 1805, Villeneuve had received orders to leave Cádiz and land troops at Naples to support the French campaign in southern Italy. On October 19–20 his fleet slipped out of Cádiz, hoping to get into the Mediterranean Sea without giving battle. Nelson caught him off Cape Trafalgar on October 21.

Villeneuve ordered his fleet to form a single line heading north, and Nelson ordered his fleet to form two squadrons and attack Villeneuve’s line from the west, at right angles. By noon the larger squadron, led by Admiral Cuthbert Collingwood in the Royal Sovereign, had engaged the rear (south) 16 ships of the French-Spanish line. At 11:50 AM Nelson, in the Victory, signaled his famous message: “England expects that every man will do his duty.” Then his squadron, with 12 ships, attacked the van and centre of Villeneuve’s line, which included Villeneuve in the Bucentaure. The majority of Nelson’s squadron broke through and shattered Villeneuve’s lines in the pell-mell battle. Six of the leading French and Spanish ships, under Admiral Pierre Dumanoir, were ignored in the first attack and about 3:30 PM were able to turn about to aid those behind. But Dumanoir’s weak counterattack failed and was driven off. Collingwood completed the destruction of the rear, and the battle ended about 5:00 PM. Villeneuve himself was captured, and his fleet lost 19 or 20 ships—which were surrendered to the British—and 14,000 men, of whom half were prisoners of war. Nelson was mortally wounded by a sniper, but when he died at 4:30 PM he was certain of his complete victory. About 1,500 British seamen were killed or wounded, but no British ships were lost. Trafalgar shattered forever Napoleon’s plans to invade England.

It is clear this pistol has seen a fair amount of close quarter action, very possibly at Trafalgar, as it has several areas of field-service armourer's repair to the stock. However, this work shows it has been used for the very purpose for which it was designed for, repelling boarders, or, used during boarding actions. It has it's 9" barrel, as the barrels were shortened by official order, to 9", from 12 inches long, as it's length of 12 inches was considered too unweidly in close combat situations, before the Napoleonic wars, thus its official title the 1801 Royal Navy Short Sea Service Pistol

The first pattern date applied to the Sea Service pistol in this form is 1716. The Pattern 1716 Sea Service Pistol was very similar to the Land Service Pistol of the same era, in overall appearance and design. The pistol was a single shot, flintlock ignition gun with a 12” long, round iron smoothbore barrel in “pistol bore”, approximately .56 calibre. The guns were of simple, but robust construction, and like their land service brethren were built with an eye towards the gun seeing equal service as a club, as it did as a firearm! In fact, US Naval manuals from the first decades of the 1800s included instruction on how to throw the pistol at an enemy, a tactic that no doubt originated in the Royal Navy.  read more

Code: 25312

2495.00 GBP

A Superb, French, 1st Empire Napoleonic Wars Cuirassier-Dragoon Sword In Fabulous Condition With Brass and Leather Scabbard

A Superb, French, 1st Empire Napoleonic Wars Cuirassier-Dragoon Sword In Fabulous Condition With Brass and Leather Scabbard

Blade stamped with the mark of the Fasces and Phygian cap for the 'Petit Garantie' 1798 to 1809.

With superb and rare brass mounted leather scabbard, brass 4 bar hilt with wire bound leather grip. Circa 1806. The blade is the rare, earliest, flat sided type, used from the Consular period and the 1st Empire.

The role of the cuirassier cavalry was to be in reserve during the battle, they had to wait to hit the enemy at the right time – this is the reason why Napoleon was angry at General Ney that had involved the cuirassiers two hours earlier in the Battle of Waterloo.

Cuirassiers and Carabinieri played a similar role; their called reserve or heavy cavalry. The idea of creating a heavy smashing cavalry originated with the First Consul after the Battle of Marengo. By observing the effectiveness General Kellermann, when the cavalry reduced the strength of the Austrian infantry by half – Bonaparte realized the important potential of a cavalry attack at the right time.

Quote from the Duke of Wellington:
"Napoleon won the battle using cuirassiers as a kind of accelerated infantry with a multitude of weapons, he had a habit of capturing large parts of the enemy's central troops before his infantry could advance."
The birth of the cavalry specialized "Cuirassier" dates back to October 10, 1801. The 1st and 8th Cavalry Regiment were merged into this new corps, and only the 8th Regiment wore armour and until the revolution was called the King's Cuirassiers, they had to keep their armour as an honorary title. Consequently, the first cuirassier regiment would also have been able to carry this armour.

This would have seen service in the Elite Cuirassiers and Dragoons of Napoleon's great heavy cavalry regiments of the Grande Armee such as in 1807 at Friedland. And in the French invasion of Russia ( Campagne de Russie) that began on 24 June 1812 when Napoleon's Grande Armee crossed the Neman River in an attempt to engage and defeat the Russian army. Napoleon hoped to compel Tsar Alexander I of Russia to cease trading with British merchants through proxies in an effort to pressure the United Kingdom to sue for peace. The official political aim of the campaign was to liberate Poland from the threat of Russia. Napoleon named the campaign the Second Polish War to curry favour with the Poles and provide a political pretence for his actions. The Grande Armee was a very large force, numbering nearly half a million men from several different nations. Through a series of long marches Napoleon pushed the army rapidly through Western Russia in an attempt to bring the Russian army to battle, winning a number of minor engagements and a major battle at Smolensk in August. Napoleon hoped the battle would mean an end of the march into Russia, but the Russian army slipped away from the engagement and continued to retreat into Russia, while leaving Smolensk to burn. Plans Napoleon had made to quarter at Smolensk were abandoned, and he pressed his army on after the Russians. The battles continued, but once the winter set in Napoleon's army was facing insurmountable odds that left it effectively shattered beyond repair. Napoleon fled, it is said, dressed as a woman, and the army left to it's sad and miserable fate. Only around 27,000 were able to return after a mere six months of the Russian campaign. The campaign was a turning point in the Napoleonic Wars. The reputation of Napoleon was severely shaken, and French hegemony in Europe was dramatically weakened.
The Grande Armee, made up of French and allied invasion forces, was reduced to a fraction of its initial strength. These events triggered a major shift in European politics. France's ally Prussia, soon followed by Austria, broke their alliance with France and switched camps. This triggered the War of the Sixth Coalition. The Cuirassiers Heavy Cavalry Regiments used the largest men in France, recruited to serve in the greatest and noblest cavalry France has ever had. They fought with distinction at their last great conflict at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815, and most of the Cuirassiers swords in England very likely came from that field of conflict, after the battle, as trophies of war. Every warrior that has ever entered service for his country sought trophies. The Mycenae from a fallen Trojan, the Roman from a fallen Gaul, the GI from a fallen Japanese, the tradition stretches back thousands of years, and will continue as long as man serves his country in battle. In the 1st century AD the Roman Poet Decimus Iunius Iuvenalis Juvenal
wrote; "Man thirsts more for glory than virtue. The armour of an enemy, his broken helmet, the flag ripped from a conquered trireme, are treasures valued beyond all human riches. It is to obtain these tokens of glory that Generals, be they Roman, Greek or barbarian, brave a thousand perils
and endure a thousand exertions". A truly magnificent Napoleonic sword in superb condition for it's age.
The largest sword of it's kind that was ever made or used by the world's greatest cavalry regiments. The cuirassiers were the greatest of all France's cavalry, allowing only the strongest men of over 6 feet in height into it's ranks. The French Cuirassiers were at their very peak in 1815, and never again regained the wonder and glory that they truly deserved at that time. To face a regiment of, say, 600 charging steeds bearing down upon you mounted with armoured giants, brandishing the mightiest of swords that could pierce the strongest breast armour, much have been, quite simply, terrifying. The brass basket guard on this sword is first class, the grip is later wire bound leather and a great colour, the blade is absolutely as crisp as one could hope for. Made in the Napoleonic Wars period.

Just a basic few of the battles this would have been used at such as

Friedland in 1807,
in 1812 and beyond 1812: Borodino and Moscow, Ostrowno, and Winkowo 1813: Reichenbach and Dresden, Leipzig and Hanau
1814: La Rothiere, Rosnay, Champaubert, Vauchamps, Athies, La Fere-Champenoise and Paris
1815: Quatre-Bras and Waterloo. The blade has fabulous steel bright colour, and hilt has fabulous patina. Overall 45.75 inches long in its scabbard, the spear pointed blade is 37.5 inches long. Just old aged staining to the scabbard steel.

The French Elite Cuirassier & Dragoon Sword is surely one of the most impressive Heavy Cavalry swords ever made, being of incredible size quality and stature. Used in the great campaigns of Napoleon by the Elite Grande Armee Cavalry, from Austria through the Russian Campaign, into the Peninsular War and finally the The Battle of Waterloo. All the Cuirassier were front line regiments, none ever utilized as Militia. With brass mounted leather scabbard, multi fullered blade, brass 4 bar hilt with wire bound leather grip. Circa 1806. The blade is the earliest flat sided type and bearing the matching Fasces and phygian cap stamp of circa 1806.

As First Consul, Napoleon would inherit 20 understrength dragoon regiments. In 1801 every cavalry unit by Consulate order would create an elite company in every regiment to guard the regimental eagle. These "elite" companies would receive an extra pay referred to as the "pay of the grenade." Napoleon would re-equip six cavalerie and three hussar regiments as dragoons. Five years later, in 1804 would see their greatest extent of numbered units at 30 regiments. 1806 in a move to increase the size of his cavalry, instead of creating new regiments, Napoleon would expand every regiment to 5 squadrons.

In 1808 Napoleon sent 24 dragoon regiments to Spain to gain experience, and the remaining six went to Italy. The six in Italy would be involved in the 1809 campaign and go to Russia in 1812. The future called "dragoons of Spain" would cut their teeth and evolve into a fiercely experienced arm of Napoleon's army. They were often utilized as heavy cavalry given there was only one cuirassier regiment in Spain and were pitted against the more experienced and heavily armed British heavy cavalry. The six long years fighting against guerillas and in the Peninsular War would grind the dragoons down to small effective units. They were commented on as the most effective cavalry units when withdrawn to France in 1814.

In 1811 foreseeing war with Russia inevitable, Napoleon would convert five into lancer regiments, and by 1815 only 15 regiments would remain.  read more

Code: 25292

2950.00 GBP

Ancient Early Imperial 1st Century Roman Equestris Legionary's or Centurion's Ring Intaglio Engraved With Horse Mounted Roman Engaged in Combat

Ancient Early Imperial 1st Century Roman Equestris Legionary's or Centurion's Ring Intaglio Engraved With Horse Mounted Roman Engaged in Combat

Classified by the seminal classification of ancient ring forms, by Dr. Martin Henig, as Ancient Roman, Henig type Xb.

Wide oval bezel affixed to flattened shoulders engraved copper alloy, with good smooth surface and patina. Almost identical to one found in the UK, near Hadrian's Wall. The ring was important for displaying the Roman's status. For example Tiberius, who was after all left-handed according to Suetonius, thus displays a ring in his bronze portrait as the Pontifex Maximus:

The most common alloy employed for the largest number of ornaments and with the greatest variety of shapes was brass, the alloy of copper and zinc. The high number of alloys with a different composition indicates that there was a significantly increased demand for jewellery similar in colour to precious metal, but less expensive and easier to produce. Made from the time of the Emperors Augustus, Tiberious, Caligula, Claudius, and Nero and l;ikely used up to era of Emperor Marcus Aurelius. In 181 AD, Marcus Valerius Maximianus, an important Roman general, was the general of the 1st Legion Italica, and he was a confident of Emperor Marcus Aurelias, during the period of the Marcomannic Wars. It is said he inspired the composite fictional general Maximus Decimus Meridius, the main character and Roman General in Gladiator played by Russell Crowe, and it was the Marcomannic wars that are depicted in the earliest scenes in Gladiator in which the fictional version of Marcus Valerius Maximis was a commanding general. The real Marcus Valerius Maximianus was placed in charge of detachments of the praetorian fleets of Misenum and Ravenna and also of African and Moorish cavalry used for scouting duties in Pannonia. While on active service with the cavalry Maximianus killed a Germanic chieftain named as "Valao, chief of the Naristi" with his own hand and was publicly praised by the Emperor, who granted him the chieftain's "horse, decorations and weapons". He was appointed prefect of the lance-bearing cavalry and was in charge of the cavalry.
The complete Roman Empire had around a 60 million population and a census more perfect than many parts of the world (to collect taxes, of course) but identification was still quite difficult and aggravated even more because there were a maximum of 17 men names and the women received the name of the family in feminine and a number (Prima for First, Secunda for Second…). A lot of people had the same exact name.
So the Roman proved the citizenship by inscribing themselves (or the slaves when they freed them) in the census, usually accompanied with two witnesses. Roman inscribed in the census were citizens and used an iron or bronze ring to prove it. With Augustus, those that could prove a wealth of more than 400,000 sesterces were part of a privileged class called Equites (knights) that came from the original nobles that could afford a horse. The Equites were middle-high class and wore a bronze or gold ring to prove it, with the famous Angusticlavia (a tunic with an expensive red-purple twin line). Senators (those with a wealth of more than 1,000,000 sesterces) also used the gold ring and the Laticlave, a broad band of purple in the tunic.

So the rings were very important to tell from a glimpse of eye if a traveller was a citizen, an equites or a senator, or legionary. People sealed and signed letters with the rings and its falsification could bring death.
The fugitive slaves didn’t have rings but iron collars with texts like “If found, return me to X” which also helped to recognise them. The domesticus slaves (the ones that lived in houses) didn’t wore the collar but sometimes were marked. A ring discovered 50 years ago is now believed to possibly be the ring of Pontius Pilate himself, and it was the same copper-bronze form ring as is this one.  read more

Code: 24835

475.00 GBP

A 9th Century 'Gotland Type' Viking Warrior's Dragon Head Bronze Armilla Arm Ring

A 9th Century 'Gotland Type' Viking Warrior's Dragon Head Bronze Armilla Arm Ring

A fabulous Viking twisted wire bronze alloy arm ring bracelet. Mounted at each end with a dragon or Draken head. A similar original Viking bracelet was discovered in Gotland, and henceforth this rare type of original Viking arm ring is known as the 'Gotland' type,a most attractive, beautiful and impressive original Viking warriors bracelet arm ring.

Knowledge about the arms and armour and body adornments such as bracelets, torcs, rings and pendants, of the Viking age is based on archaeological finds, pictorial representation, and to some extent on the accounts in the Norse sagas and Norse laws recorded in the 13th century. According to custom, all free Norse men were required to own weapons and were permitted to carry them all the time, and body adornments were a way to set one apart, the more successful in combat a warrior was was the greater his share of the looted booty, and this success could only be best shown by him in his body adornment, such as rings, torcs, wrist and arm bracelets, or pendants, and finally topped off with a wolf fur cloak. The arms he bore and his jewellery were indicative of a Viking's social status: a wealthy Viking had a complete ensemble of a helmet, shield, mail shirt, sword if his status was the highest otherwise spear or axe, and his body adornments. However, swords were rarely used in battle in the same quantity as axes, as few Vikings were of the status to own or carry a sword, A typical bondi (freeman) was more likely to fight with a spear and shield, and axe, and most also carried a seax as a utility knife and side-arm. Bows were used in the opening stages of land battles and at sea, but they tended to be considered less "honourable" than a melee weapon.

The warfare and violence of the Vikings were often motivated and fuelled by their beliefs in Norse religion, focusing on Thor and Odin, the gods of war and death. In combat, it is believed that the Vikings sometimes engaged in a disordered style of frenetic, furious fighting known as berserkergang, leading them to be termed berserkers. Such tactics may have been deployed intentionally by shock troops, and the berserk-state may have been induced through ingestion of materials with psychoactive properties, such as the hallucinogenic mushrooms, Amanita muscaria, or large amounts of alcohol. Perhaps the most common hand weapon among Vikings was the axe, swords were far more expensive to make, and only wealthy warriors could possibly afford them.

Vikings and Norse people wore arm rings (also known as Torcs) as a sign of their wealth and status, and as a sign of loyalty. An arm ring is a type of heavy jewellry that is worn around the upper or lower arm. Arm rings might made of precious metals such as gold or silver, but for combat bronze was more sustainable

Norse arm rings were usually given as gifts to mark special occasions such as births, weddings, or military victories. They were also sometimes used as currency. In some cases, arm rings were passed down from generation to generation as family heirlooms. Viking arm rings have been found at many old Viking locations.

The meaning of a Viking arm ring could vary depending on its owner. For some people, it may have been a symbol of their power and wealth. For others, it may have represented their family history or heritage.

Whatever the meaning of a Viking arm ring may have been, it is clear that these pieces of jewellery were important to the Norse people. Arm rings were more than just fashion accessories; they held significant value both socially and economically.  read more

Code: 24787

995.00 GBP

A Fabulous & Impressive 18th Century Ship Captain’s Beautiful & Large, Brass Barrel Naval Blunderbuss Flintlock Pistol, With Box-Lock Action.

A Fabulous & Impressive 18th Century Ship Captain’s Beautiful & Large, Brass Barrel Naval Blunderbuss Flintlock Pistol, With Box-Lock Action.

6.5inch barrel with ring turned muzzle, nice action, sliding safety, bag-shaped wooden butt. Nicely proved barrel on the underside. This is truly a most beautiful piece.

The combination of polished bronze, walnut, horn, and steel make a most attractive pistol of colour and material contrasts. Finest walnut stock. Bronze cannon form blunderbuss barrel. Bronze blunderbuss barrel pistols were the weapon of choice for naval officers and ship's captains for use at sea. This is a superb example of its kind. The muzzle (and often the bore) was flared with the intent not only to increase the spread of the shot, but also to funnel powder and shot into the weapon, making it easier to reload in haste. The overtly flared muzzle is the defining feature of the blunderbuss. Ship's Captains found such impressive guns so desireable as they had two prime functions to clear the decks with one shot, and the knowledge to an assailant that the pistol hads the capability to achieve such a result. In the 18th and 19th century mutiny was a common fear for all commanders, and not a rare as one might imagine. The Capt. Could keep about his person or locked in his gun cabinet in his quarters a gun just as this. The barrel could be loaded with single ball or swan shot, ball twice as large as normal shot, that when discharged at close quarter could be devastating, and terrifyingly effective. Potentially taken out four or five assailants at once. The muzzle was swamped like a cannon for two reasons, the first for ease of rapid loading, the second for intimidation. There is a very persuasive psychological point to the size of this gun's muzzle, as any person or persons facing it could not fail to fear the consequences of it's discharge, and the act of surrender or retreat in the face of an well armed blunderbuss could be a happy and desirable result for all parties concerned. Action in excellent working order, recently fully serviced. 11 inches long overall. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables  read more

Code: 23369

2850.00 GBP

A Most Rare & Beautiful 16th-17th Century Italian Maine Gauche. A Renaissance Period Duellist's Parrying, Shell Guard Dagger

A Most Rare & Beautiful 16th-17th Century Italian Maine Gauche. A Renaissance Period Duellist's Parrying, Shell Guard Dagger

Long single edged blade with part false edge, and fine armourer's mark at the ricasso.
Triple section grip in horn and bone, bronze pommel cap. Beautifully pierced steel shell guard with scalloped edge. A most beautiful example of an early, Renaissance period 'main gauche' [left hand] duellist parrying dagger. When combined with a long swept or cup hilt rapier the pair make two formidable duo offensive and defensive duelling or combat weapons.

The parrying maine gauche dagger falls within the category of small hand-held weapons from the European late Middle Ages and early Renaissance. These weapons were used as off-hand weapons in conjunction with a single-handed sword. As the name implies they were designed to parry, or defend, more effectively than a simple dagger form, typically incorporating a wider guard, and often some other defensive features to better protect the hand, as well. The main-gauche is used mainly to assist in parrying incoming thrusts, while the dominant hand wields a rapier or similar longer weapon also intended for one-handed use.
It may also be used for attack if an opportunity arises. The general category includes two more specific kinds of weapon: sword breakers and trident daggers.

Its beautifully pierced shell guard was designed to be used as either, a hand protector, or, a sword blade catcher when reversed, depending of the swordsman's preference of his combat style.

The use of an off-hand weapon gradually fell out of favour as sword fighting evolved into the modern sport of fencing. The use of progressively lighter primary weapons such as the small sword, epee, and foil allowed for greater speed. Under these circumstances the use of just a primary weapon offered improvements in balance as well as a stance that offered a smaller target.  read more

Code: 22288

1750.00 GBP

An Absolutely Stunning, Eocene Period, 56-33 Million Years Old, Fossilised Crab, Decapod

An Absolutely Stunning, Eocene Period, 56-33 Million Years Old, Fossilised Crab, Decapod

Possibly a Branchioplax [we can't be certain as the crab is curled up], which is an extinct genus of crab which existed in Alaska and Washington during the Eocene period. It was first named by Mary Rathbun in 1916, and contains ten species, including Branchioplax Washingtoniana from the Hoko River Formation.

This would make a superb and unique gift, such as a paperweight. Very few people would be expecting a present that is up 50 miliion years old!

39.2 grams, 63mm x 45mm, very solid and strong.
 read more

Code: 24489

240.00 GBP

Medievil 13th Century Iron Flail Mace, also Known as a 'Scorpion's Tail', Henry IIIrd & Edward Ist Period

Medievil 13th Century Iron Flail Mace, also Known as a 'Scorpion's Tail', Henry IIIrd & Edward Ist Period

Medieval Flail Head with Chain 13th Century used until the 15th century. Around 800 years old, and used as as a most effective weapon for likely 300 of those years.
An iron flail head formed around central pin with suspension loop and domed terminal; iron chain with arranged crescentic lobes to the circumference. flat-sectioned ellipsoidal links and hoop; head with spherical body and seven raised vertically
Used from the 1200’s up to and past the battle of Agincourt 1415, Where the small British Army utterly vanquished the massively superior sized French army, up to 4 to 6 times in size.
.From the period of the 8th Crusade and the Wars in Scotland against Sir William Wallace by the Edward I (17/18 June 1239 – 7 July 1307), also known as Edward Longshanks and the Hammer of the Scots (Latin: Malleus Scotorum), was King of England from 1272 to 1307 . The last major crusade aimed at the Holy Land, and an failure that well symbolises the end of the crusades. In the previous twenty years, the remaining crusader states had become increasingly powerless pawns while tides of Mongol and then Mameluke conquests swept across the area. Louis IX of France, in an attempt to restore the situation, decided to go back on crusade after nearly twenty years, but mislead by the idea that the Bey of Tunis could be converted to Christianity, he decided to land first in Tunisia, then march across Egypt to the Holy Land. However, once he arrived in Tunisia, it was clear that this was not the case, and he had to besiege Tunis. Louis then died in an epidemic, to be replaced by his brother Charles of Anjou, king of Sicily, and a reluctant crusader, who negotiated terms with the Bey, who paid tribute to him and France, after which the crusade ended. After the crusade was over, the future Edward I of England arrived, and finding the crusade over, journeyed on himself to the Holy Land, where the powerful crusader fortress of Krak had just been captured by Baibars, where he campaigned until 1272, when the death of his father Henry III forced him to return to England. The crusading era in the Holy Land ended in 1291, with the fall of Acre, the last crusader base in Palestine. This type of European flail is a shorter weapon consisting of a wooden haft connected by a chain, with a bronze faceted orb striking end. Modern works variously refer to this particular weapon as a "military flail," "mace-and-chain" or "chain mace," and sometimes erroneously label them as simply a "mace" or morning star, terms which technically apply only to rigid weapons. Some historians refer to this weapon as a kettenmorgenstern ("chain morning star") to distinguish it from the rigid weapon. We show in the gallery early manuscript paintings of knights with chain flails but the illustrated size of the mace head, as usual even today, are exaggerated. The Battle of Agincourt was a major English victory in the Hundred Years' War. The battle took place on 25 October 1415 (Saint Crispin's Day) in the County of Saint-Pol, Artois, some 40 km south of Calais. Along with the battles of Crécy (1346) and Poitiers (1356), it was one of the most important English triumphs in the conflict. England's victory at Agincourt against a numerically superior French army crippled France, and started a new period in the war during which the English began enjoying great military successes.

After several decades of relative peace, the English had renewed their war effort in 1415 amid the failure of negotiations with the French. In the ensuing campaign, many soldiers perished due to disease and the English numbers dwindled, but as they tried to withdraw to English-held Calais they found their path blocked by a considerably larger French army. Despite the disadvantage, the following battle ended in an overwhelming tactical victory for the English.

King Henry V of England led his troops into battle and participated in hand-to-hand fighting. The French king of the time, Charles VI, did not command the French army himself, as he suffered from severe psychotic illnesses with moderate mental incapacitation. Instead, the French were commanded by Constable Charles d'Albret and various prominent French noblemen of the Armagnac party.

This battle is notable for the use of the English longbow in very large numbers, with the English and Welsh archers forming up to 80 percent of Henry's army. The decimation of the French cavalry at their hands is regarded as an indicator of the decline of cavalry and the beginning of the dominance of ranged weapons on the battlefield.

Agincourt is one of England's most celebrated victories. The battle is the centrepiece of the play Henry V by Shakespeare. Juliet Barker in her book Agincourt: The King, the Campaign, the Battle ( published in 2005) argues the English and Welsh were outnumbered "at least four to one and possibly as much as six to one". She suggests figures of about 6,000 for the English and 36,000 for the French, based on the Gesta Henrici's figures of 5,000 archers and 900 men-at-arms for the English, and Jean de Wavrin's statement "that the French were six times more numerous than the English". The 2009 Encyclopædia Britannica uses the figures of about 6,000 for the English and 20,000 to 30,000 for the French
365 grams, 62cm (24 1/2"). From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960.
Fine condition, nicely conserved.  read more

Code: 23418

1875.00 GBP

A Rare, American, US Civil War Pattern Manhattan Fire Arms Co Newark N.J .36 Cal. Revolver

A Rare, American, US Civil War Pattern Manhattan Fire Arms Co Newark N.J .36 Cal. Revolver

An Original US Civil War Manhattan Colt 'Navy' Revolver .36 cal. This is a good, original, 6 ½” octagonal barrel version of the Manhattan Colt Navy .36" Calibre, 5 shot percussion revolver with drop down loading lever. It was a fine gun, utilizing 5 shot instead of Colts 6 shot system, so the gun had the size advantage over the standard Colt Navy, but more effective than the smaller calibre Colt pocket revolver. The metal work has nice patina throughout. It has a lightly engraved cylinder and the top of the frame is engraved Manhattan Fire Arms Co Newark N.J'. The pistol's steel frame, barrel block, brass butt strap & trigger guard assembly and stamped with serial number The cylinder is lightly decorated and engraved 'Patented Dec 27 1859'. It has an attractive Walnut grip. The Manhattan Fire Arms Manufacturing Co. was founded by a group of New Jersey businessmen in 1856. Their goal was to take advantage of Colt’s patent for revolving firearms that was due to expire in 1857. The founders hired Thomas Bacon to became the Superintendent of Manufacturing.
Manufacturing began in Norwich, Connecticut and in 1859 moved to Newark, New Jersey. Thomas Bacon remained in Norwich and started his own firearms company. During their existence, Manhattan Firearms produced approximately 175,000 pistols. Only Colt, Remington, and Winchester produced more guns during this era in which included the Civil War.

While waiting for Colt’s patent to expire, Manhattan first made copies of American firearms that no longer had patent protection. These included pepperboxes and various single-shot designs. Shortly thereafter, they turned their attention to making Colt-style revolvers in both the .31 calibre Pocket and .36 calibre Navy styles. Manhattan patented an extra set of cylinder safety notches on these models. Manhattans can be easily identified by the many notches on their cylinders. It is a beautiful and original artefact of the American Civil War and would make a fabulous original antique display piece.  read more

Code: 25238

1495.00 GBP

More Fabulous & Rare Pieces Added Every Day, & Some  to Be Added, Including A Very Impressive Antique Samurai Suit of Armour, To The Lanes Armoury Website, Fresh From Our Conservation Workshop & Another Collection From the Conservation workshop Early This

More Fabulous & Rare Pieces Added Every Day, & Some to Be Added, Including A Very Impressive Antique Samurai Suit of Armour, To The Lanes Armoury Website, Fresh From Our Conservation Workshop & Another Collection From the Conservation workshop Early This

Latest News!!.. Arriving this week, a beautiful suit of Edo samurai armour, all matching, with multi plate kabuto and memo face armour, plus many more of around twenty fine and early beautiful antique samurai swords, and also, several shingunto WW2 officers swords, and a very fine signed samurai tanegashima musket, that arrived last week. Plus, this week, a most rare Imperial German WW1 sniper’s trench armour, a wonderful collection of museum grade antique, early, samurai sword tsubas, also, a superb pair of rare Anglo American War of 1812 officers swords, and two more very good British sea-service pistols from Admiral Nelson’s navy, our last exceptional 1805 dated examples, that arrived two weeks ago, both sold 10 days ago.

Our MK I 1940 Bren gun was added last weekend and sold Wednesday, but another MK 1 of 1942 has been added this week.

Another, fabulous, late original 16th to 17th century Nuremberg Renaissance iron strongbox cum bullion and treasure chest, was added to our site this week as well, to be alongside the other fine example we added two weeks ago. The second amazing example, however, has its stunning decorative naieve paintwork still present, which is very rare indeed to survive, but this second example of the two is still locked, with no original key present. The decorated examples you now only usually see are in their original locations of medieval castle armouries, cathedrals or fine museum armoury collections. See photos in the gallery of the treasure chest in the workshop prior to light cleaning.

The collection that arrived before the bank holiday,, included some stunning, ancient Chinese Chou Dynasty swords, and a fabulous Brown Bess Tower of London musket and bayonet, all just added to our site this past week, and, we show here, {pre-conservation and light cleaning} a fantastic, large museum grade collection of original French Ist Empire Napoleonic sabres, from a collection accumulated over the past several decades, including, a very rare, deluxe grade General's sword, an Imperial Garde Light Cavalry officer's sword, a very rare Grenadier a Cheval De La Garde Imperial sword, a General Staff of Light Cavalry officer's Sword, several Cuirassier other ranks and officer's swords, a dragoon sabre, an incredibly rare French Naval, Sabre D'Officier De Marine Model Prairelle An XII {1804 Trafalger } Officer's sword, Light Cavalry officer's sabres, of cheval leger lancers, hussars and cheval chasseurs {some with fabulous ‘blue and gilt’ blades}, a rare Sabre D'Officier De Cavalrie Legere, with the Marengo pattern hilt, and a really very rare officer of the Carabiniers shell guard sword, plus several others. Some examples you can now only see in Les Invalides, Musee de l'Armee in Paris. Some were added to our site this week, and some of those are now just sold to collectors in the UK and around the world, but many more have yet to be finished cleaning, and are yet to be added to the site next week.
In the photo here, of most of the Imperial French sword collection {and others} that arrived just before the bank holiday, the fabulous sea service pistol and the Luftwaffe dagger were just sold, as well as some of the French swords, however two more 1801 finest sea-service pistols just like it are arriving after the weekend.

Our amazing and rarest of pieces, the WW2 SOE secret operative’s clandestine transceiver suitcase, potentially the rarest complete, original, and untouched example surviving in the world today, has now been sold and leaves for its new home this week. Warmest congratulations to its most fortunate new owner, who will be able to thoroughly enjoy it, alongside its companion SOE generator and clam mine.  read more

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