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A Very Fine George IIIrd English Sergeants Spontoon
A Spontoon is type of European lance that came into being after the long pike, becoming widely used by the middle of the 17th century. Spontoons are first found to have been used by the Italians. Also called the European half pike, this very much resembled a pike that had a much shorter staff, usually no more than 7 feet long. The spontoon was as much a signaling weapon used by the company sergeants to direct battle lines as a combat weapon. During the Napoleonic wars the spontoon was used by sergeants to defend the colours of a battalion or regiment from cavalry. During the Revolutionary War, General Washington [and may others] strongly believed an officer should carry a Spontoon as method of identification, so as not to have his attention distracted from his men by the relatively involved procedure of loading and firing a shoulder arm. The order was thus issued to the Continental regiments. The head has two straps that are bracing bars to prevent the head being cut off by a sword blade and they further support the head. The bottom of each haft has a steel butt cone. For additional reference material see 'Swords and Blades of The American Revolution' by George C.Neumann [publ. by Promontory Press 1973]. For near identical examples that are illustrated from the great American Revolutionary War Weapons collections. 7 foot 5.5 inches long overall. Head and full socket 27 inches long.

Code: 20056Price: 1175.00 GBP

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A Beautiful WW1 German Austrian Iron Cross Medal Group of Four
Worn in WW2 by serving veterans from WW1. Including the Iron Cross gallantry medal. The four medals are the Iron Cross, [The Hindenberg] Cross of Honour, Cross of the Austrian Legion of Honour With Crossed Swords, and the Hungarian World War Commemorative Medal with Helmet and Swords. The Iron Cross was a military decoration of the Kingdom of Prussia, and later of Germany, which was established by King Friedrich Wilhelm III of Prussia and first awarded on 10 March 1813 in Breslau. In addition to during the Napoleonic Wars, the Iron Cross was awarded during the Franco-German War, the First World War, and the Second World War. The Iron Cross was normally a military decoration only, though there were instances of it being awarded to civilians for performing military functions. Two examples, the civilian pilot Hanna Reitsch was awarded the Iron Cross First Class for her bravery as a test pilot during the Second World War and Melitta Schenk Gräfin von Stauffenberg (also a German female test pilot) was awarded the Iron Cross Second Class. The Iron Cross was also used as the symbol of the German Army from 1871 to 1915, when it was replaced by a simpler Greek cross. In 1956, the Iron Cross became the symbol of the Bundeswehr, the German armed forces. The traditional design is black and this design is used on armored vehicles and aircraft.
Cross of Honour, a.k.a. Hindenburgkreuz, Frontkämpferehrenkreuz (Ehrenkreuz des Weltkrieges 1914/1918) was instituted on July 13, 1934 by the President Generalfeldmarshall Paul von Hindenburg aiming to commemorate all those who fought and fell during the Great War and therefore was nicknamed “Hindenburg Cross”. Cross of Honour was awarded to frontline veterans and non-combatants – German citizens and Germans who lost their citizenship due to the Versailles Peace Treaty as well as to relatives of the fallen soldiers – their widows and parents. Thus it aim was to reinforce pride not only in veterans but also military personnel of German Armed forces.
Cross of the Austrian Legion of Honour With Cross, Austria,1914-1918 (Österreichische Ehrenlegion 1914-18 Pro Patria mit Schwertern. This award is a military decoration of an ex-service men's organisation, unlikely to be government issue. Obverse description: bronze cross supported by laurel wreath with central medallion bearing text - "PRO PATRIA" (For the Fatherland). Reverse description: the cross has central medallion with "OSTERR / 1914-1918 / EHRENLEGION (Austria / 1914-1918 / Honour Legion). Date Issued: since 1918. The Hungarian World War Commemorative Medal with Helmet and Swords. The obverse of the medal shows in raised detail the shield of Hungary surmounted by the crown of Saint Stephen. Behind the shield is a pair of crossed swords. Around the left side of the medal is a branch with laurel leaves and around the right side of the medal is a branch with oak leaves. The reverse of the medal shows a steel helmet over the dates '1914-1918' in raised detail. Around the top of the helmet is written 'PRO DEO ET PATRIA' in raised lettering. This translates as 'FOR GOD AND FATHERLAND'. Around the bottom of the medal in raised detail are left and right facing laurel branches. The ribbon is white with two red stripes either side of green and white horizontal stripes.

Code: 20055Price: 345.00 GBP

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A Fabulous Early 19th Century Koftgari Silver Indian Tulwar Tegha Sword
Full cutting edged blade with return back edge of kilij form. Beautifully chisseled with complex patterning with both wide and narrow fullers and most beautiful Damascus etching throughout. Silver koftgari inlaid flowering pattern within the steel hilt with helmet piercing spike at the pommel. Original leather covered wooden scabbard. Many examples of the talwar exhibit an increased curvature in the distal half of the blade, compared to the curvature nearer the hilt. Also relatively common is a widening of the blade near the tip (without the step to the back of the blade characteristic of the yelman of the kilij). The blade profile of the British Pattern 1796 light cavalry sabre is similar to some examples of the talwar, and expert opinion has suggested that the talwar may have contributed to the design of the British sabre.

Though strongly influenced by Middle Eastern swords, the typical talwar has a wider blade than the shamshir. Late examples often had European-made blades, set into distinctive Indian-made hilts. The hilt of the typical talwar is termed a "disc hilt" from the prominent disc-shaped flange surrounding the pommel. The pommel often has a short spike projecting from its centre, sometimes pierced for a cord to secure the sword to the wrist. The hilt incorporates a simple cross-guard which frequently has a slender knucklebow attached. The basic form talwar was used by both cavalry and infantry, but this would be the sword of a nobleman. The grip of the talwar is cramped and the prominent disc of the pommel presses into the wrist if attempts are made to use it to cut like a conventional sabre. These features of the talwar hilt result in the hand having a very secure and rather inflexible hold on the weapon, enforcing the use of variations on the very effective "draw cut". The fact that the talwar does not have the kind of radical curve of the shamshir indicates that it could be used for thrusting as well as cutting purposes. The blades of some examples of the Talwar widen towards the tip. This increases the momentum of the distal portion of the blade when used to cut; when a blow was struck by a skilled warrior, limbs could be amputated and persons decapitated. The spike attached to the pommel could be used for striking the opponent in extreme close quarter circumstances when it was not always possible to use the blade. The talwar can be held with the fore finger wrapped around the lower quillon of the cross guard.

Code: 20054Price: 1850.00 GBP

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History of the Prince of Wales Own Civil Service Rifles
Published in 1921 principally the detailed history of the regiment, the men who served and who died in the Great War. The original Westminster City Reference Library copy [offically withdrawn]. A superbly detailed work of one of the famous volunteer regiments of WW1.

Code: 20053Price: 75.00 GBP

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A Very Attractive Antique Tanto, Signed Blade With Oni Demon Décor
Superb blade, signed , with good undulating hamon, red lacquer hi and gilt habaki. Carved hardwood fittings in over lacquered black fully carved with a demon hunter and an oni demon cowering behind a shield. The background is dominantly overlaid scales, to represent a stylzed dragon, rolling seas, and the kurigata [cord mount] is an oni mask.Oni are a kind of yokai from Japanese folklore, variously translated as demons, devils, ogres, or trolls. They are popular characters in Japanese art, literature and theatre.

Depictions of oni vary widely but usually portray them as hideous, gigantic ogre-like creatures with sharp claws, wild hair, and two long horns growing from their heads. They are humanoid for the most part, but occasionally, they are shown with unnatural features such as odd numbers of eyes or extra fingers and toes.Their skin may be any number of colours, but red and blue are particularly common.

Code: 20052Price: 3450.00 GBP

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A Most Attractive Turkish-Ottoman WW1 Prisoner of War Glass Bead Snake
a most fascinating and finely made piece of WW1 POW work from captured Ottoman prisoners, usually from the Gallipoli Campaign. 21 inches long approx. The Ottomans made many items whilst in captivity. It kept them occupied and was an avenue for them to earn money to supplement their rations and purchase items they required. Some prisoners even sent them home as gifts for family members or used them to barter with other prisoners. There are two basic designs beaded on the backs of the snakes: zigzag or diamond designs. The bellies of the snakes are generally white, some with beaded text in black or dark blue. Sometimes other colours were used - the Australian War Memorial Collection holds one snake with a gold belly and white beaded text. The text on some snakes can say ‘TURKISH PRISONER’. However this does not mean that all the prisoners who made the items were ethnically Turkish. The Ottoman Empire stretched from the Balkans to the Sinai. This means that the makers could have been Turkish, Kurdish, Arab, Greek, or Eastern European.

It seems that wherever there were major prisoner of war camps holding Ottoman prisoners, beadwork items were made. Beadwork is known to have been made in camps in Egypt, Great Britain, Salonika, France, Mesopotamia as well as other locations. The Australian War Memorial holds a snake believed to have been made in Malta in 1915. Unfortunately, for most beadwork items, the information of where they were made has been lost as it wasn't passed down through the families of the people who bought them. As there are similarities in designs and technique between camps and countries, it can be difficult to know where the items were made.

Code: 20051Price: 195.00 GBP

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Late 17th Century Colonial Indian War Partisan Spontoon
Probably made for a local militia and served in the Second Indian War (1688-97) as well as the French and Indian War and the Revolution. Iron, blacksmith made, 20 3/4" length with indented base leaf shaped spear point. Conical socket Specifically different from 18th century examples including those made for the Revolution. Partisan (also partizan) is a type of polearm that was used in Europe in the Middle Ages. It consisted of a spearhead mounted on a shaft, usually wooden, with protrusions on the sides which aided in parrying sword thrusts. Like the halberd, it quickly became obsolete with the arrival of practical firearms, although it stayed in use for many years as a ceremonial weapon. In profile, the head of a partisan may look similar to that of a ranseur, ox tongue, or spetum; however, unlike a ranseur, the lower parts of the head have a sharpened edge. We show pictures in the gallery from the French Indian Wars in America and a current photo of the the Queen's Yeomen of the Guard bearing their ceremonial Elizabeth II partisans.

Code: 20050Price: 925.00 GBP

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A Very Fine Solid Silver Ching Dynasty Mandarins Eating Trousse
Containing three chopsticks of different lengths and a cutting knife.The Ching Dynasty [spelt Qing] also known as the Manchu Dynasty, was the last ruling dynasty of China from 1644 to 1911.
This piece was from around the 18th to mid 19th century. It is a thoroughly charming piece of nice quality, and a fine example. For both general and travelling use. As travelling, was at that time of course, incalculably slower than is now taken for granted. The simplest of distances, say 10 miles, could take days, and of course the higher ranks, had no restrictions for travel that the peasantry had. Some were not permitted to travel more than 1/2 mile from their birth for all their lives without an official pass from their master. Photo in the gallery of Qing Dynasty Li Wei, a famous mandarin during the reign of the Yongzheng Emperor (1722–1735) of the Qing Dynasty, who was instrumental in carrying out Yongzheng's nationwide reforms in his role in various regional governing positions.

Li was a native of Tongshan, Jiangnan (present-day Xuzhou, Jiangsu), and was orphaned at the age of 10. He was not literate, but learned martial arts. He entered the Board of Finance as a regular accountant in 1719. After Yongzheng ascended the throne, he became the Governor of Zhejiang in 1727, where he carried out the policy of "returning soldiers to farms". In 1729, in a swift act, Li Wei led the efforts to stamp out Ming Dynasty-loyalists present in the Nanjing area. He was appointed the Viceroy of Zhili in 1732. Along with Tian Wenjing and Manchu Ortai, Li was one of the Emperor's most trusted officials. In September 1738, while visiting Qinling tombs with the Qianlong Emperor, Li Wei fell ill with a lung infection, and died at the age of 52. The Emperor commemorated Li. This is the very form of trousse that Li Wei would have used.

Code: 20047Price: 775.00 GBP

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A Very Well Made WW2 Military Issue Gurkha Kukri
In military issue brown leather over wooden scabbard, with tradition accessories of sharpening tool and small utility/skinning knife. Tempered steel blade and carved wood and steel ovoid pommel capped hilt. With original belt frog mount. The Kukri is the renown and famous weapon of the Nepalese Gurkha. Probably the most respected and feared warriors in the world, the Gurkhas of Nepal have fought in the Gurkha regiments of the British Army for around two centuries. With a degree of loyalty and dedication that is legendary, there is no greater soldier to be at one's side when in battle than the noble Gurkha. With a Kukri in his hand and the battle cry called, "Ayo Gorkhali!" ["the Gurkhas are coming!"], no foe's head was safe on his shoulders. Battle hardened German Infantry in WW1, or WW2 Japanese Shock Troops, have been known to tremble in their boots at the knowledge that they would be facing the Gurkhas in battle. Some of the most amazing feats of heroism have resulted in the most revered medal, the British Victoria Cross [ the world's greatest and most difficult to qualify for gallantry medal] being awarded to Ghurkas. The blade shape descended from the classic Greek sword of Kopis, which is about 2500 years old.
Some say it originated from a form of knife first used by the Mallas who came to power in Nepal in the 13th Century. There are some Khukuris displaying on the walls of National Museum at Chhauni in Kathmandu which are 500 years old or even older, among them, one that once belonged to Drabya Shah, the founder king of the kingdom of Gorkha, in 1627 AD. But, some say that the Khukuri's history is possibly centuries older this. It is suggested that the Khukuri was first used by Kiratis who came to power in Nepal before Lichchhavi age, in about the 7th Century. In the hands of an experienced wielder Khukuri or Kukri is about as formidable a weapon as can be conceived. Like all really good weapons, Khukuri's or Kukri's efficiency depends much more upon skill than the strength of the wielder. And thus so that it happens, that a diminutive Gurkha, a mere boy in regards to his stature, could easily cut to pieces a gigantic adversary, who simply does not understand the little Gurkha's mode of attack and fearsome skill. The Gurkha generally strikes upwards with his Kukri, possibly in order to avoid wounding himself should his blow fail, and possibly because an upward cut is just the one that can be least guarded against however strong his opponent.

Code: 20045Price: 345.00 GBP

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An Original 'Charge of The Light Brigade' 11th Hussars Trooper's Sword
Original regimental markings for the 11th Hussars [ XI H ], numbered as sword 118, and further bearing it's presentation date of 1875 for the 21st anniversary celebration. In October 1875, survivors of the Charge met at the Alexandra Palace in London to celebrate the 21st anniversary of the Charge. The celebrations were fully reported in the Illustrated London News of 30 October 1875, which included the recollections of several of the survivors, including those of Edward Richard Woodham, the Chairman of the Committee that organised the celebration. Tennyson was invited, but could not attend. Lucan, the senior commander surviving, was not present, but attended a separate celebration, held in the fashionable Willis's Rooms, St James's Square. Swords from the participating regiments were selected from regimental stores, and then presented to survivors of the charge [and some dated 1875 as is this example]. Unfortunately no known records exist that details which recipient would have been presented with this sword. The Charge of the Light Brigade was an attack by British light cavalry against Russian troops. It took place in the 1854 Crimean War, during the Battle of Balaclava.
•The Battle of Balaclava was part of the siege of Sevastopol, which lasted from 1854 to 1855. The objective of the British army was to capture the port of Sevastopol from the Russians.
•The Light Brigade had been ordered to chase a retreating Russian artillery company. Poor communication meant that they fought a larger and more prepared army, and suffered heavy losses.
Lord Raglan, the 7th Earl of Cardigan led the Charge of the Light Brigade. He is generally recognized for his bravery in leading the charge, despite little chance of succeeding.
About 107 of the 674 soldiers involved in the charge were killed. Other British troops later died in hospital, and many were taken prisoner by the Russians. After receiving the order to charge, the brigade rode into a valley between two cliffs. This valley was described as the ‘valley of death’ in Alfred Lord Tennyson‘s poem about the event.
Tennyson’s famous poem of the same name describes the charge. It was written just a few weeks after the event and praises the men’s bravery, while emphasizing the futility. Coloured photo in the gallery of Cornet Henry John Wilkin, 11th Hussars (c. 1855) - He rode in the 'Charge of the Light Brigade' as the Assistant Surgeon 25th Oct. 1854 (aged 25)

Code: 20043Price: On Request

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