A Good WW2 German Double Decal Police Helmet & SS-Polizei-Bataillone MedalsIn black with both Swastika and Police Eagle decals. Original liner with name maker stamped von the liner. All original paint in overall untouched condition but showing signs of age etc. Complete with near mint Iron Cross and similarly near mint West Wall medal. Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler was named Chef der Deutschen Polizei im Reichsministerium des Innern (Chief of German Police in the Interior Ministry) on 17 June 1936 after Hitler announced a decree which was to "unify the control of police duties in the Reich". Traditionally, law enforcement in Germany had been a state and local matter. In this role, Himmler was nominally subordinate to Interior Minister Wilhelm Frick. However, the decree effectively subordinated the police to the SS, making it virtually independent of Frick's control. Himmler gained authority as all of Germany's uniformed law enforcement agencies were amalgamated into the new Ordnungspolizei, whose main office became populated by officers of the SS.
The police were divided into the Ordnungspolizei (Orpo or regular police) and the Sicherheitspolizei (SiPo or security police), which had been established in June 1936. The Orpo assumed duties of regular uniformed law enforcement while the SiPo consisted of the secret state police (Geheime Staatspolizei or Gestapo) and criminal investigation police (Kriminalpolizei or Kripo). The Kriminalpolizei was a corps of professional detectives involved in fighting crime and the task of the Gestapo was combating espionage and political dissent. On 27 September 1939, the SS security service, the Sicherheitsdienst (SD) and the SiPo were folded into the Reich Main Security Office (Reichssicherheitshauptamt or RSHA). The RSHA symbolized the close connection between the SS (a party organization) and the police (a state organization). Police Battalions (SS-Polizei-Bataillone), for various auxiliary duties outside of Germany, including anti-partisan operations, construction of defense works (i.e. Atlantic Wall), and support of combat troops. Specific duties varied widely from unit to unit from one year to another. Generally, the SS Polizei units were not directly involved in combat. Some Police Battalions were primarily focused on traditional security roles of an occupying force while others were directly involved in the Holocaust. This latter role was obscured in the immediate aftermath of World War II, both by accident and by deliberate obfuscation, when most of the focus was on the better-known Einsatzgruppen ("Operational groups") who reported to the Reichssicherheitshauptamt (RSHA — Reich Main Security Office) under Reinhard Heydrich. With chinstrap but seperated at one side.
Code: 18330Price: On Request
An Original WW2 Japanese NCO's Service SwordWith tradional cast alloy hilt, pierced openwork copper tsuba and copper fushi with arsenal stampings. Good sound blade with serial num ber and matching serial number to steel russetted saya.Type 95. A good and sound example, of an original Japanese NCO issue sword of Emperor Hiro Hito's armed forces from WW2, and now a much sought after collector's piece of the Japanese Pacific theatre of war.
Code: 18329Price: 625.00 GBP
A Superb, Victorian, 1868 Parker Field Metropolitan Police SwordUsed and made in the very year of the last public hanging at the Old Bailey by the constables in charge of the hanging detail. From, in part, the Yorkshire Post May 27, 1868 CLERKENWELL BOMBER CONVICT HANGED: Last Public Execution of the Fenian convict Barrett, who murdered 12 innocent bystanders, was hanged yesterday at the Old Bailey, London, for murder in connection with the outrage at Clerkenwell on December 13. Although peculiar interest was attached to this execution on account of the crime for which Barrett suffered, and because it was to be the last to take place in public, the crowd was not excessively large.
With the first streak of dawn the ponderous gates of Newgate prison yard were thrown back, and the gallows at once drawn forth to its place.The sight of this revived the drooping spirits of the crowd, and they passed the next hour or so very well in scanning the operations of the workmen and discussing the construction of the drop. Very quietly amidst the throng moved the members of the City police, armed with cutlasses and revolvers.
Shortly before eight the Sheriffs and under-Sheriffs proceeded from the Central Criminal Court through the gloomy corridor of the prison towards the scaffold. It is usual for the condemned to be pinioned in the presence of the representatives of the press, but on this occasion the rule was not adhered to; and the process of pinioning was gone through in private; and the condemned man at once led to the gallows, the steps of which he mounted with the same determined and somewhat defiant look which he bore throughout the whole period of his trial. He was hooted and hissed at on appearing on the scaffold.
Among those who witnessed the execution were some of the persons who were tried with him and acquitted.
Barrett stood to the last erect and unmoved, and eventually, on the bolt being pulled, fell somewhat stiffly and heavily, and died with a few struggles.
The convict's spiritual adviser - the Rev. Father Hussey -stated from the first that Barrett was unremitting in attention to his religious duties, and was quite prepared to meet his death…
Code: 18328Price: 645.00 GBP
A Very Nice British 1803 Pattern Rifle Regt Officer's SabreWith fine mercuirial fire gilt hilt. Used in the Peninsular War, Waterloo & The War of 1812 by an Officer in the 95th Rifles or The 60th Rifles. A beautiful sword, with carved slotted hilt with pierced cypher of the King George IIIrd, with Rifle Regiment Bugle above, as the knucklebow and a Lion's Head pommel. Old service repair at the knucklebow. In the book's of Bernard Cornwell his hero Major Sharpe of the 95th [if he had existed] would have used such a fine sword [although in the fictional books he uses a cavalry trooper's sword]. Contemporary, small, old hilt knucklebow repair.The purpose of the regiments was to work as skirmishers. The riflemen were trained to work in open order and be able to think for themselves. They were to operate in pairs and make best use of natural cover from which to harass the enemy with accurately aimed shots as opposed to releasing a mass volley, which was the orthodoxy of the day. The riflemen of the 95th were dressed in distinctive dark green uniforms, as opposed to the bright red coats of the British Line Infantry regiments. This tradition lives on today in the regiment’s modern equivalent, The Royal Green Jackets. The regiments fought in all campaigns during the Napoleonic Wars, seeing sea-service at the Battle of Copenhagen, engaging in most major battles during the Peninsular War in Spain, forming the rearguard for the British armies retreat to Corunna, serving as an expeditionary force to America in the War of 1812, and holding their positions against tremendous odds at the Battle of Waterloo. Colonel Coote Manningham (c.1765 - 26 August 1809) was a British army officer who played a significant role in the creation and early development of the 95th Rifles.
Born the second son of Charles Manningham of Surrey, Manningham began his career as a subaltern in the 39th Foot serving under his uncle, Sir Robert Boyd, at the Siege of Gibraltar. On the outbreak of the French Revolutionary Wars in 1793, he was appointed as Major to the light infantry battalion where he fought in the Caribbean. He became Lieutenant-Colonel of the 81st Foot and then adjutant-general in Santo Domingo, under the command of Lieutenant-General Forbes.
In early 1800, Colonel Manningham and Lieutenant-Colonel William Stewart proposed, and were given the assignment, to use what they had learned while leading light infantry to train the Experimental Corps of Riflemen, later to become the 95th Rifles and then the Rifle Brigade. That summer the new corps was trained in exercises developed by Manningham and were quickly deployed to provide covering fire to the amphibious landings at Ferrol.
Manningham died 26 August, 1809 in Maidstone from illness contracted during the Retreat to Corunna in the opening stage of the Peninsular War in which the 95th Rifles were to demonstrate the tactical value of the approach developed by Manningham and Stewart. An inscription under a monument honoring Manningham in Westminster Abbey conveys the esteem in which he was held by his contemporaries.
Code: 18326Price: 895.00 GBP
German WW2 Large Anti Tank Rifle Grenade, Gross Gewehr PanzergranateIn excellent unexploded condition. Taken from US Bulletin No. 59, March 7, 1944 ;Description
This grenade is fired from the rifled 3 cm. discharger cup (Schiessbecher) which can be fitted to most types of German rifles. It is of the hollow charge type and consists of a steel head containing the explosive and a light alloy or steel and plastic stem containing the fuze and gaine. The propelling cartridge contains a wooden bullet.
The body which is of pressed steal contains a steel cone around which the main filler of T.N.T. is cast. A steel washer with a small central hole rests on the open end of the cone and above the latter is a steel ballistic cap. At the bottom of the T.N.T. is an exploder pellet of penthrite wax.
Two varieties of the stem have been found, one entirely of light alloy, the other of plastic with a steel shank by which it is screwed on to the head of the grenade. At the base of the stem is a rifled band which corresponds with the rifling in the discharger cup. The stem is divided into compartments by a perforated septum, the lower containing the fuze, the upper the gaine. In the septum is a small flash pellet held in plaoe by a perforated screw plug. The gaine consists of a light alloy container into which is inserted a light alloy top hat containing the detonator, the space below being filled with penthrite wax.
The fuze is in the after portion of the stem and consists of a striker over the top of which fits a retaining spring with four prongs bent downward into grooves in the striker body. Around the striker body is an arming collar which has two grooves cut on the inside. An arming spring is compressed between a lip on the arming collar and a second collar at the bottom of the striker body. Around the inside of the arming collar and resting on the striker body is a steel tape which acts as an additional safety device and prevents any possibility of the fuze being accidentally armed when screwing on the base plug.
The entire assembly is closed by a base plug which positions the fuze by a stem which fits into a recess in the rear of the striker body.
On firing, the shock of discharge causes the arming sleeve to set back against its spring. The four prongs of the retaining spring are forced out of the lower groove in the arming sleeve and engage in the upper groove, retaining the arming sleeve in its lower position. This allows the steel tape to unwind and the striker is then free to move forward on impact firing the gaine. Safe deactivated and inert. Not for sale to under 18's and not suitable for export.
Code: 18325Price: 135.00 GBP
A Most Impressive 19th Century Scottish Basket Hilted SwordWith a very wide, probably 18th century, broadsword blade. Most likely mounted by a highlander, from the Highland Brigade who fought in the Egyptian campaign of 1882, with a captured trophy blade. Many warriors of the Mahdi used swords mounted with blades based on imported early German blades, that bore Soligen crescent moon armourer's stamps. Those captured trophy blades were ideal for mounting with highlander's sword basket hilts, and this is absolutely typical of one of those swords. The Egyptian Campaign 1882. Arabi Pasha led an uprising against the corrupt Khedive of Egypt declaring a new constitution in January 1882. Britain and France sent a combined fleet to Alexandria to protect their interests but domestic political events resulted in the French returning home. Admiral Beauchamp Seymour bombarded the city and occupied it. The British Expeditionary Force under Lieut Gen Sir Garnet Wolseley was prevented from advancing on Cairo at Kafr el Dawwar and then went by sea via the Suez Canal to Ismailia. Successful actions were fought at Kassassin and the Egyptians were finally defeated at the Battle of Tel el-Kebir. Cairo was captured, the Khedive restored and Urabi sent into exile. The 1st Battalion Black Watch served in Africa taking part in the Highland Brigade's dawn assault on the Egyptian position at Tel-el-Kebir in 1882. Two years later it was in the thick of the fight with the Mahdi's tribesmen at El Teb and Tamai. The following year 1885, saw it taking part in the Nile Expedition and fighting at Kirbekan and Abu Klea. The 1st Battalion Gordon Highlanders were in General Hamley's Division, in the 3rd (Highland) Brigade, commanded by Major-General Alison, along with the 1st Black Watch, 1st Cameron Highlanders and the 2nd HLI. The Gordons were commanded by Lieut-Colonel Denzil Hammill. It was decided to surprise the rebels with a pre-dawn attack. This involved a highly organised night march up to the position marked out for the final assault. The enemy trenches were placed in a 4 mile line running north-south, just north of the railway and canal. The Highland Brigade were in front, and in the centre, with the Gordons between the Black Watch and Cameron Highlanders. The assault required that they cross a deep ditch and clamber over a high redoubt to reach the trenches. The men of the Gordons were mostly over 24 years old with many veterens of the Afghan War and 154 men on Reserve. The Gordons and Camerons had less trouble than the battalions of HLI and Black Watch, and secured the enemy trenches by 5.20am. They continued forward and came under heavy fire on their flanks. The enemy's second line of defence did not cause them much of a problem as the Egyptians lost heart and tried to retreat. The battle of Tel-el-Kebir was a swift and decisive victory for the British who lost 54 killed and 342 wounded. The 1st Gordon Highlanders lost 5 men killed. They went on to Cairo which was occupied and the remaining Egyptian troops neutralised. The war was officially over by 17th September.
Code: 18323Price: 935.00 GBP
A Very Good Japanese Shin Gunto Officer's Sword Of WW2On would have to go a very long way to find a better quality and condition example. The blade is in very good condition indeed, in around 85% original polish with a few finger marks. The blade has a superb sanbonsugi hamon, signed with chrysanthemum stamp of the Showa Emperor. Likely gendaito traditional blade. Very good transitional mounts, of high quality and all in superb order. Signed Noshu ju Takayama Yoshinao a smith on the Rikugun Jumei Tosho swordsmith list. A complete list of Rikugun Jumei Tosho swordsmiths was published in Showa 17 entitled "Rikugun Jumei Tosho Meibo". Once accepted as an Army Certified Swordsmith (Rikugun Jumei Tosho), the smith was given a regular allocation of tamehagane [traditional blade steel] with which to make sword blades.
Code: 18322Price: 1750.00 GBP
A Fabulous Coatee of a Lord of His Majesty King Edward VII Privy CouncilOne of the most beautiful and expensive uniforms of State. Each paid for by the councillor, and consisting of the finest quality cloth and woven solid silver covered in pure gold. The coat is in superb condition and commissioned for a Lord Privy Councillor to the King. To give one an idea just how much such fine and extravagent gold bullion costs today this coat would cost likely more than £20,000. Almost a thousand years ago, during the reigns of the Norman monarchs, the English Crown was advised by a royal court, which consisted of magnates, clergy and officers of the Crown. This body originally concerned itself with advising the Sovereign on legislation, administration and justice. Later, different bodies assuming distinct functions evolved from the court. The courts of law took over the business of dispensing justice, while Parliament became the supreme legislature of the kingdom. Nevertheless, the Council retained the power to hear legal disputes, either in the first instance or on appeal. Furthermore, laws made by the Sovereign on the advice of the Council, rather than on the advice of Parliament, were accepted as valid.
Powerful Sovereigns often used the body to circumvent the courts and Parliament. For example, a committee of the Council — which later became the Court of the Star Chamber — was during the fifteenth century permitted to inflict any punishment except death, without being bound by normal court procedure. During Henry VIII's reign, the Sovereign, on the advice of the Council, was allowed to enact laws by mere proclamation. The legislative pre-eminence of Parliament was not restored until after Henry VIII's death. Though the royal Council retained legislative and judicial responsibilities, it became a primarily administrative body. The Council consisted of forty members in 1553, but the Sovereign relied on a smaller committee, which later evolved into the modern Cabinet.
The Council developed significantly during the reign of Elizabeth I, gaining political experience, so that there were real differences between the Privy Council of the 1560s and that of the 1600s.
By the end of the English Civil War, the monarchy, House of Lords and Privy Council had been abolished. The remaining house of Parliament, the House of Commons, instituted a Council of State to execute laws and to direct administrative policy. The forty-one members of the Council were elected by the Commons; the body was headed by Oliver Cromwell, the de facto military dictator of the nation. In 1653, however, Cromwell became Lord Protector, and the Council was reduced to between thirteen and twenty-one members, all elected by the Commons. In 1657, the Commons granted Cromwell even greater powers, some of which were reminiscent of those enjoyed by monarchs. The Council became known as the Protector's Privy Council; its members were appointed by the Lord Protector, subject to Parliament's approval.
In 1659, shortly before the restoration of the monarchy, the Protector's Council was abolished. Charles II restored the royal Privy Council, but he, like previous Stuart monarchs, chose to rely on a small committee of advisers.
The Acts of Union 1707 united England and Scotland into the Kingdom of Great Britain, replacing the Privy Councils of both countries with a single body, the Privy Council of Great Britain. The Sovereign, when acting on the Council's advice, was known as the "King-in-Council" or "Queen-in-Council". The members of the Council were collectively known as "The Lords of His [or Her] Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council", or sometimes "The Lords and others of …"). The chief officer of the body was the Lord President of the Council, one of the Great Officers of State.
Membership was generally for life, although the death of a monarch brought an immediate dissolution of the Council, as all Crown appointments automatically lapsed. The Council formally advises the Sovereign on the exercise of the Royal Prerogative, and together (as the Queen-in-Council) they issue executive instruments known as Orders in Council, which among other things are used to make Regulations. The Council by itself also has a delegated authority to issue Orders of Council, which are mostly used to regulate certain public institutions. The Council also advises the Sovereign on the issuing of Royal Charters, which are used to grant special status to incorporated bodies, and city or borough status to local authorities. It was formerly regarded by the Privy Council as criminal, and possibly treasonous, to disclose the oath administered to Privy Counsellors as they take office. However, the oath was officially made public in a written parliamentary answer in 1998, as follows:
"You do swear by Almighty God to be a true and faithful Servant unto the Queen's Majesty, as one of Her Majesty's Privy Council. You will not know or understand of any manner of thing to be attempted, done, or spoken against Her Majesty's Person, Honour, Crown, or Dignity Royal, but you will lett and withstand the same to the uttermost of your Power, and either cause it to be revealed to Her Majesty Herself, or to such of Her Privy Council as shall advertise Her Majesty of the same. You will, in all things to be moved, treated, and debated in Council, faithfully and truly declare your Mind and Opinion, according to your Heart and Conscience; and will keep secret all Matters committed and revealed unto you, or that shall be treated of secretly in Council. And if any of the said Treaties or Counsels shall touch any of the Counsellors, you will not reveal it unto him, but will keep the same until such time as, by the Consent of Her Majesty, or of the Council, Publication shall be made thereof. You will to your uttermost bear Faith and Allegiance unto the Queen's Majesty; and will assist and defend all Jurisdictions, Pre-eminences, and Authorities, granted to Her Majesty, and annexed to the Crown by Acts of Parliament, or otherwise, against all Foreign Princes, Persons, Prelates, States, or Potentates. And generally in all things you will do as a faithful and true Servant ought to do to Her Majesty. So help you God"
Code: 18321Price: 2750.00 GBP
A Most Interesting Edwardian, British Empire Nigerian Chief's Walking StaffWith brass ball top bearing King Edward's crown, engraving for the Nigerian Chief [third class] and mounted upon a four foot six inch staff. It was part of the regalia and status symbol of the authority of a colonial chief in Colonial Nigeria. Influence of the British Empire on the territories which now form Nigeria began with prohibition of slave trade to British subjects in 1807. The resulting collapse of African slave trade led to the decline and eventual collapse of the Oyo Empire. British influence in the Niger area increased gradually over the 19th century, but Britain did not effectively occupy the area until 1885, and then under competition from France and Germany.
The colonial period proper in Nigeria lasted from 1900 to 1960. In 1900, the Niger Coast Protectorate and some territories of the Royal Niger Company were united to form the Southern Nigeria Protectorate, while other Royal Niger Company territories became the Northern Nigeria Protectorate. In 1914, the Northern and Southern Nigeria Protectorates were unified into the Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria while maintaining considerable regional autonomy among the three major regions. Progressive constitutions after World War II provided for increasing representation and electoral government by Nigerians. In October 1, 1960, Nigeria gained independence.
Code: 18320Price: 475.00 GBP
A Fabulous Grenadier Guards 1803 Blue & Gilt Battle Sword Waterloo VintageMade and used in the Grenadier's campaigns in the Peninsular War, Quatre Bras & Waterloo. This is a simply stunning and magnificent sword [made in 1805] from one of the most glorious and historical regiments of the British Army, the 1st Foot Guards, The Grenadier Guards no less! It is also in superb condition for it's age. Much of it's original blue and gilt decoration is complete, and the blade is superbly engraved with the King's cypher, the Royal Crest, the Grenadier Guards grenade on both sides, and a stand of arms with the granadier cap with drums, and a standing Grenadier Guards officer. The hilt has near 99% of all it's original mecurial fire gilt present. Sword made by Wooley, Deakin & Co. who were the partnership from 1805 till 1806 [the company name changed in 1807]. Blade marked 'Warranted' on the obverse and Wooley on the spine. One may never see a nicer or better example available outside of the Royal Collection. In the campaign of Waterloo the 2nd and 3rd battalions of the First Guards, under Maitland, and the 2nd battalions of the Coldstream and Third (Scots) Guards, under Byng, formed the First Division of the army. They rendered service never to be forgotten. The Division reached Quatre Bras about half past six on the evening of June 16th, having met many wounded who said the day was going badly for us. Maitland was at once directed to clear the Bots de Bossu, on the right of the position, and his men straight away rushed into the wood with a cheer, and drove all before them, but the French turned their gun fire upon the wood, and many were killed or injured by trees cut down by the balls. Maitland's Guards were then formed outside the wood, where they were furiously charged by cavalry. Taking shelter therefore at the edge of the thicket and supported by some Black Brunswickers, they almost annihilated their assailants and, with heavy loss, held the ground.
At Waterloo the light companies of both brigades were posted in the wood and gardens of Hougoumont, where they were reinforced at midday by four more companies of the Coldstreamers, while the brigades themselves were on the ridge of the position to the rear, on the extreme right of the line. At Hougoumont the First Guards fought with heroic valour. It was a conflict worthy of Titans. In vain did Prince Jerome throw his strength against the old château, to the possession of which Bonaparte attached high importance. The walls were loop holed, and the place was held in strength, but repeatedly the French came on to achieve a temporary success, and then to be driven out again. A desperate struggle took place in the wood, where on one side or the other, men retreated fighting from tree to tree. Not less than 8,000 Frenchmen were put hors de combat in the tremendous onslaught made upon Hougoumont. But Lord Saltoun maintained his position, and renewed attacks were in vain. The loss, however, was terrible and the light infantry were almost annihilated when the Coldstreamers came to their aid. During this momentous struggle, the farm buildings were set on fire by the guns, adding immensely to the difficulty of the defence, and consigning many wounded to an agonizing death.
While the attack on Hougoumont was thus being made, a tremendous fire was poured on the allied line. When it ceased, the Imperial Cavalry, at headlong speed, charged the steady squares of the Guards, and the decimated ranks recoiled, but to hurl themselves anew on our bayonets.
The 3rd battalion of the First Guards was one of the regiments most exposed to this terrible onslaught. "It was upon these troops," says Siborne, "that fell the first bursts of the grand early attacks, and it was upon these troops also that the French gunners seldom neglected to pour their destructive missiles." Through all that terrific day the vast masses of gallant Frenchmen were broken against the iron sturdiness of the British squares, which stood like stony islands amid the lapping waves of a sea of fire. General Cooke, commanding the division of Guards, and Colonels D'Oyly and Stables, in command of battalions, retired wounded from the field, and Lord Saltoun, who had returned from Hougoumont, succeeded to the 3rd battalion. At length, as the day wore on, Bonaparte, seeing the oncoming of the Prussians, concentrated his furious cannonade mainly on the position held by the Guards preparatory to his grand attack, and but for the shelter of a hollow way, they must have been annihilated. At this time, Maitland, by the Duke's orders, formed his two battalions into line four deep, and scarcely was the change made, when 5,000 men of the Old Imperial Guard, led by Ney, were seen advancing at the pas de charge to the attack. Shouting Vive l' Empereur! They came steadily on, but, when they reached the crest, the Guards rose up like a wall and poured out a pitiless volley, the rear ranks passing with loaded muskets to the front. What matters it, says Lord Saltoun, whether Wellington cried "Up Guards and at 'em!" or no? He never heard the words only "Now Maitland, now's your time!" Thus was the iron shower set free. The Old Guard wavered and when at length the column reeled, shattered and broken, Saltoun cried out, "Now's the time, my boys!" and the Guards sprang forward, and drove the enemy over a hedge of dead and dying down the hill. In that conflict of giants, and at Quatre Bras, the First Guards lost 181 killed, including 7 officers, and had 853 wounded, making a total of 1,034. They had rendered glorious service, and earned undying fame. "Guards," exclaimed Wellington, "you shall be rewarded for this." and so it happened that, as a distinguished honour, they became "The First or Grenadier Regiment of Foot Guards." However, before the great glories of Waterloo the 1st Foot Grenadiers distinguished themselves in the Peninsular Campaign and the owner of this sword would likely have been there too! To quote Napoleon himself, “It was (the Spanish War) that overthrew me. All my disasters can be traced back to that fateful knot”. The Peninsula war was one of the longest, most arduous, and ultimately successful campaigns the British Army has ever fought. Throughout this time it was the 1st Guards’ discipline and esprit de corps that marked them out; it kept them fit to fight at all times. As Wellington gradually matched, then forced onto the defensive, and finally smashed French power in the Peninsula, the senior formation in his splendid army was always composed of the Guards. As such, Peninsula remains one of regiment’s proudest battle honours to this day. The retreat to Corunna was harrowing. In mid winter, across mountainous terrain, with little food or clothing, the trek lasted several weeks. Nonetheless, the two Battalions of Guards arrived at Corunna marching in step behind their corps of drums; they raised morale in Wellington’s army at the crucial moment and set a fine example to all ranks. Within days of arriving, the French attacked. With characteristic discipline and bravery, the 1st Guards repelled the French onslaught, paving the way for a decisive momentum shift in the war. By 1810, the 1st Guards found themselves besieged at Cadiz; separated from their Spanish allies, they had to fight two French divisions alone. Despite a 15 hour march and a heavily defended enemy, the composite brigade of Guards, commanded by Major General Dilkes, were victorious. The 1st Guards lost a third of their manpower as hors de combat but their success allowed Wellington’s forces to move north and drive the French enemy from Spain.
13 Dec 1813 Nive
/ July 25, 2014
When Napoleon’s army retreated into France, the British followed. British troops forced crossings on the rivers Bidossa, Nivelle and finally Nive, on 10 November 1813. The battle of Nive lasted 3 days, costing 1500 British lives. However the British, with the 1st Guards at the forefront, inflicted 3000 deaths on Soult’s French soldiers. These casualties and the delay caused to the enemy landed a telling blow to Napoleon’s ambitions in Europe. Indeed, Napoleon had abdicated and been banished to Elba within 6 months. This sword has some blue losses on the blade with various small pitting areas. The leather is very good with one small split.
Code: 18317Price: 4250.00 GBP
& maintained by Concept500