A Very Good WW2 German Iron Cross Gallantry MedalProbably the most famous medal in the world, but fortunately though, not the most valuable [the Victoria Cross taking that honour]. Tricolour silk ribbon in black white and red. In order to receive the Iron Cross 1st Class, Heer and Waffen SS men would have to perform three to four further acts of courage the one that earned him the 2nd Class; The Luftwaffe and Kriegsmarine had the following criteria; the 1st award was regularly awarded to U-boat Commanders upon sinking 50,000 tons and to Luftwaffe pilots when they achieved six or seven confirmed
kills; Of course these were only guidelines, and a single act of great importance or a long steady career could earn the individual the Cross. The Iron Cross 2nd Class came with a ribbon and was worn in one of two different methods: When in formal dress, the entire cross was worn mounted alone or as part of a medal bar. For everyday wear, only the ribbon was worn from the second hole in the tunic button.
The Iron Cross is a black four-pointed cross with white trim, with the arms widening toward the ends, similar to a cross pattée. It was designed by the neoclassical architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel and reflects the cross borne by the Teutonic Knights in the 14th century.
The ribbon for the 1813, 1870 and 1914 Iron Cross (2nd Class) was black with two thin white bands, the colours of Prussia. The non-combatant version of this award had the same medal, but the black and white colours on the ribbon were reversed.
Initially the Iron Cross was worn with the blank side out. This did not change until 1838 when the sprig facing could be presented.
Since the Iron Cross was issued over several different periods of German history, it was annotated with the year indicating the era in which it was issued. For example, an Iron Cross from the First World War bears the year "1914", while the same decoration from the Second World War is annotated "1939". The reverse of the 1870, 1914 and 1939 series of Iron Crosses have the year "1813" appearing on the lower arm, symbolizing the year the award was created. The 1813 decoration also has the initials "FW" for King Frederick William III, while the next two have a "W" for the respective kaisers, Wilhelm I and Wilhelm II. The final version shows a swastika.
It was also possible for a holder of the 1914 Iron Cross to be awarded a second or higher grade of the 1939 Iron Cross. In such cases, a "1939 Clasp" (Spange) would be worn on the original 1914 Iron Cross. (A similar award was made in 1914 but was quite rare, since there were few in service who held the 1870 Iron Cross.) For the First Class award the Spange appears as an eagle with the date "1939" that was pinned above the Cross. Although two separate awards, in some cases the holders soldered them together.
A cross was the symbol of the Teutonic Knights (a heraldic cross pattée), and the cross design (but not the specific decoration) has been the symbol of Germany's armed forces (now the Bundeswehr) since 1871.
As with all our items, each one comes with our unique, lifetime guarantee, certificate of authenticity
Code: 19139Price: 200.00 GBP
A Solid Silver Slotted Hilt British 'Naval' Officers Sword, Made in 1798A spadroon, of hallmarked London silver. Finely engraved blade bearing the cypher of King George IIIrd. Spiral wooden grip, hardened leather scabbard. From an esteemed private collection and it bears the collection exhibit number on the blade forte. This is the form of sword as was highly favoured by British naval officers in the turn of the 18th century. Before 1805 the naval anchor was more often than not, not used, on naval officers swords and the slotted hilt, especially in silver, was a particular favourite for over 30 years as at that time there was no such thing as a regulation pattern officers sword. Some years ago we had a sword of a Royal Naval Captain that served in the Battle of the Nile that was identical and may have even been by the same maker. The Battle of the Nile (also known as the Battle of Aboukir Bay, in French as the Bataille d'Aboukir was a major naval battle fought between British and French fleets at Aboukir Bay on the Mediterranean coast of Egypt from 1–3 August 1798. The battle was the climax of a naval campaign that had ranged across the Mediterranean during the previous three months, as a large French convoy sailed from Toulon to Alexandria, carrying an expeditionary force under General Napoleon Bonaparte. The French were defeated by the British forces led by Rear-Admiral Sir Horatio Nelson.
Bonaparte had sought to invade Egypt, as the first step in a campaign against British India, in an effort to drive Britain out of the French Revolutionary Wars. As Bonaparte's fleet crossed the Mediterranean, it was pursued by a British force under Rear-Admiral Horatio Nelson, sent from the British fleet in the Tagus, to establish the purpose of the French expedition and defeat it. For more than two months, Nelson chased the French, on several occasions only missing them by a matter of hours. Bonaparte, aware of Nelson's pursuit, enforced absolute secrecy about his destination and was able to capture Malta and then land in Egypt without interception by the British force.
With the French army ashore, the fleet anchored in Aboukir Bay, a station 20 miles northeast of Alexandria, in a formation that its commander, Vice-Admiral François-Paul Brueys D'Aigalliers, believed created a formidable defensive position. When Nelson's fleet arrived off Egypt on 1 August and discovered Brueys' dispositions, he ordered an immediate attack, and his ships advanced on the French line. As they approached, they split into two divisions, one of which cut across the head of the line and passed between the anchored French and the shore while the other engaged the seaward side of the French fleet. Trapped in a crossfire, the leading French ships were battered into surrender during a fierce three-hour battle, while the centre was able to successfully repel the initial British attack. As British reinforcements arrived, the centre came under renewed assault, and at 10pm the French flagship L'Orient exploded. With Brueys dead and his van and centre defeated, the rear division of the French fleet attempted to break out of the bay, but ultimately only two ships of the line and two frigates escaped, from a total of 17 ships engaged.
Code: 19138Price: 1795.00 GBP
A Superb Quality and Condition British 1796 Light Dragoon Trooper's SabreWith a stunningly bright blade bearing a lot of original 200 year old polish. The dark patinated finish overall is still exceptional with only some combat flattening to the scabbard sides is present, and the wooden scabbard liners are also perfectly intact. This is an absolute gem of a sabre, obviously with signs of battle combat but superbly preserved since the 1815 Waterloo period. The sword is numbered on the back strap 21, and the edge has some superb edge to edge sword battle close combat cuts, including two near the hand guard, from slashes that if any closer would have meant the trooper losing his hand, or worse. The service of British Cavalry regiments, particularly the Light Dragoons, proved essential in the mastery of the Indian Subcontinent. The Duke of Wellington, then Arthur Wellesley, was primarily recognized for his military genius by his battles in India. Of particular note was the Battle of Assaye in 1803 where the 6000 British faced a Mahratta Army of at least 40,000. During the engagement the 19th Light Dragoons saved the 74th Regiment by charging the enemy guns 'like a torrent that had burst its banks'. Pistols firing and sabre slashing, the 19th broke the enemy's position and the day was won. 19th Light Dragoons gained "Assaye" as a battle honour, and the nickname "Terrors of the East". The 19th Light Dragoons eventually served in North America during the War of 1812 and so did this form of pistol. Cavalry was the 'shock' arm, with lance and saber the principal hand weapons. The division between 'heavy' and light was very marked during Wellington's time: 'heavy' cavalry were huge men on big horses, 'light' cavalry were more agile troopers on smaller mounts who could harass as well as shock.
During the Napoleonic Wars, French cavalry was unexcelled. Later as casualties and the passage of years took their toll, Napoleon found it difficult to maintain the same high standards of cavalry performance. At the same time, the British and their allies steadily improved on their cavalry, mainly by devoting more attention to its organization and training as well as by copying many of the French tactics, organization and methods. During the Peninsular War, Wellington paid little heed to the employment of cavalry in operations, using it mainly for covering retreats and chasing routed French forces. But by the time of Waterloo it was the English cavalry that smashed the final attack of Napoleon's Old Guard.
Code: 19137Price: 1595.00 GBP
Beautiful 18th Century Flintlock Holster Pistol. Barbary Pirate CaptainsA fine pistol exactly as was favoured by the ship's captains of the Corsair and Barbary pirates. A most beautiful and impressive long barrel flintlock pistol, with silver inlay within brass mounts, and conveniently designed to fit in a wide cross belt sash, or, when on land in a flintlock pistol bucket when on horseback. A pistol with a long eared skull crusher butt cap, with finest quality silver inlay, of typical Mediterranean form, but worthy of any of the best English gunmakers, much higher than usual quality, and overlaid with a profusion of most elaborate and fine silver and brass mounts. It has a fine brass sideplate, silver grip escutcheon, and the traditional simulated ramrod pipe. This is exactly the type of pistol one sees, and in fact expects to see, in all the old Hollywood 'Pirate' films. A sprauncy, long barrel pistol, with a large butt cap, which is very nicely decorated, and complete with it's elongated extra long ears typical of the period of early gunmaking. The flintlock is beautifully engraved, the action is fully operational and all the brass mounts give it a superb complimentary colour to match the silver inlays. This is an original, beautiful and impressive antique pistol piece that rekindles the little boy in all of us who once dreamt of being Errol Flynn, Swash-Buckling across the Spanish Maine under the Jolly Roger. This Pistol may very well have seen service with one of the old Corsairs of the Barbary Coast, in a tall masted Galleon, slipping it's way down the coast of the Americas, to find it's way home to Port Royal, or some other nefarious port of call in the Caribbean. It is exactly the form of weapon that was in use in the days of the Caribbean pirates and privateers, as their were no regular patterns of course. This pistol is essentially a Eastern-Ottoman example of usual type that were much prized and thus an essential part of the pirate's trade. A good curvature, and a medium weight pistol that suits a comfortable grip. It was written that after Queen Anne's War, which ended in 1713, cast vast numbers of naval seamen into unemployment and caused a huge slump in wages. Around 40,000 men found themselves without work at the end of the war - roaming the streets of ports like Bristol, Portsmouth and New York. In wartime privateering provided the opportunity for a relative degree of freedom and a chance at wealth. The end of war meant the end of privateering too, and these unemployed ex-privateers only added to the huge labour surplus. Queen Anne's War had lasted 11 years and in 1713 many sailors must have known little else but warfare and the plundering of ships. It was commonly observed that on the cessation of war privateers turned pirate. The combination of thousands of men trained and experienced in the capture and plundering of ships suddenly finding themselves unemployed and having to compete harder and harder for less and less wages was explosive - for many piracy must have been one of the few alternatives to starvation. Euro-American pirate crews really formed one community, with a common set of customs shared across the various ships. Liberty, Equality and Fraternity thrived at sea over a hundred years before the French Revolution, and continued for many years after. The authorities were often shocked by their libertarian tendencies; the Dutch Governor of Mauritius met a pirate crew and commented: "Every man had as much say as the captain and each man carried his own weapons in his blanket". A 18th century pistol and although it has signs of combat use it is still working highly effectively, and was likely used right into the mid 19th century. It still looks most stunning, and, completely original, an antique flintlock of days long gone past yet not forgotton. 18 inches long overall, 11 inch barrel
Code: 19136Price: 1375.00 GBP
A Bronze Age Sword From Before the Era Of Achilles and HectorCirca 1400 B.C. [around 3,500 years old, probably Marlik] with a fabulous patina and in a very sound and excellent condition indeed. This is a most handsome and beautiful ancient bronze sword blade, with a tapering form, double edged, a central rib and short hilt tang with two side mounting holes. From one of the most fascinating eras in ancient world history, the era of the so called Trojan Wars. The ancient Greeks believed the Trojan War was a historical event that had taken place in the 13th or 12th century BC, and believed that Troy was located in modern day Turkey near the Dardanelles. In Greek mythology, the Trojan War was waged against the city of Troy by the Achaeans (Greeks) after Paris of Troy took Helen from her husband Menelaus, the king of Sparta. The war is among the most important events in Greek mythology and was narrated in many works of Greek literature, including Homer's Iliad and the Odyssey . "The Iliad" relates a part of the last year of the siege of Troy, while the Odyssey describes the journey home of Odysseus, one of the Achaean leaders. Other parts of the war were told in a cycle of epic poems, which has only survived in fragments. Episodes from the war provided material for Greek tragedy and other works of Greek literature, and for Roman poets such as Virgil and Ovid.
The war originated from a quarrel between the goddesses Athena, Hera, and Aphrodite, after Eris, the goddess of strife and discord, gave them a golden apple, sometimes known as the Apple of Discord, marked "for the fairest". Zeus sent the goddesses to Paris, who judged that Aphrodite, as the "fairest", should receive the apple. In exchange, Aphrodite made Helen, the most beautiful of all women and wife of Menelaus, fall in love with Paris, who took her to Troy. Agamemnon, king of Mycenae and the brother of Helen's husband Menelaus, led an expedition of Achaean troops to Troy and besieged the city for ten years due to Paris' insult. After the deaths of many heroes, including the Achaeans Achilles and Ajax, and the Trojans Hector and Paris, the city fell to the ruse of the Trojan Horse. The Achaeans slaughtered the Trojans (except for some of the women and children whom they kept or sold as slaves) and desecrated the temples, thus earning the gods' wrath. Few of the Achaeans returned safely to their homes and many founded colonies in distant shores. The Romans later traced their origin to Aeneas, one of the Trojans, who was said to have led the surviving Trojans to modern day Italy.
This dagger comes from that that great historical period, from the time of the birth of known recorded history, and the formation of great empires, the cradle of civilization, known as The Mycenaean Age, of 1600 BC to 1100 BC. Known as the Bronze Age, it started even centuries before the time of Herodotus, who was known throught the world as the father of history. Mycenae is an archaeological site in Greece from which the name Mycenaean Age is derived. The Mycenae site is located in the Peloponnese of Southern Greece. The remains of a Mycenaean palace were found at this site, accounting for its importance. Other notable sites during the Mycenaean Age include Athens, Thebes, Pylos and Tiryns.
According to Homer, the Mycenaean civilization is dedicated to King Agamemnon who led the Greeks in the Trojan War. The palace found at Mycenae matches Homer's description of Agamemnon's residence. The amount and quality of possessions found at the graves at the site provide an insight to the affluence and prosperity of the Mycenaean civilization. Prior to the Mycenaean's ascendancy in Greece, the Minoan culture was dominant. However, the Mycenaeans defeated the Minoans, acquiring the city of Troy in the process. In the greatest collections of the bronze age there are swords exactly as this beautiful example. In the Metropolitan Museum of Art is the bronze sword of King Adad-nirari I, a unique example from the palace of one of the early kings of the period (14th-13th century BC) during which Assyria first began to play a prominent part in Mesopotamian history. Swords daggers and weapons from this era were made within the Persian bronze industry, which was also influenced by Mesopotamia. Luristan, near the western border of Persia, it is the source of many bronzes, such as this piece, that have been dated from 1500 to 500 BC and include chariot or harness fittings, rein rings, elaborate horse bits, and various decorative rings, as well as weapons, personal ornaments, different types of cult objects, and a number of household vessels.
A sword, found in the palace of Mallia and dated to the Middle Minoan period (2000-1600 BC), is an example of the extraordinary skill of the Cretan metalworker in casting bronze. The hilt of the sword is of gold-plated ivory and crystal. A dagger blade found in the Lasithi plain, dating about 1800 BC (Metropolitan Museum of Art), is the earliest known predecessor of ornamented dagger blades from Mycenae. It is engraved with two spirited scenes: a fight between two bulls and a man spearing a boar. Somewhat later (c. 1400 BC) are a series of splendid blades from mainland Greece, which must be attributed to Cretan craftsmen, with ornament in relief, incised, or inlaid with varicoloured metals, gold, silver, and niello. The most elaborate inlays--pictures of men hunting lions and of cats hunting birds--are on daggers from the shaft graves of Mycenae, Nilotic scenes showing Egyptian influence. The bronze was oxidized to a blackish-brown tint; the gold inlays were hammered in and polished and the details then engraved on them. The gold was in two colours, a deeper red being obtained by an admixture of copper; and there was a sparing use of neillo. The copper and gold most likely came from the early mine centres, in and around Mesopotamia, [see gallery] and the copper ingots exported to the Cretans for their master weapon makers. This dagger sword is in very nice condition with typical ancient patina encrustations . 36 cm long. Picture in the gallery of Achilles and Penthesella on the Plain of Troy, with Athena, Aphrodite and Eros. 16.5 inches long, 2.25 inches wide at forte.
Code: 19135Price: 1595.00 GBP
A Most Attractive Ancient Koto Wakizashi Muramachi Period Circa 1450With a fine O-sukashi Koto tsuba of four set out samurai war fans. Iron Edo period higo mounts of russetted iron, and most attractive gold silk wrap over gilt and patinated fan menuki. Original Edo black lacquer saya. The kodzuka has a copper hilt with a nanako ground and a squatting Oni demon facing another figure riding a dragon. Wakizashi have been in use as far back as the 15th or 16th century and this example is from that earliest period. The wakizashi was used as a backup or auxiliary sword; it was also used for close quarters fighting, and also to behead a defeated opponent and sometimes to commit ritual suicide. The wakizashi was one of several short swords available for use by samurai including the yoroi toshi, the chisa-katana and the tanto. The term wakizashi did not originally specify swords of any official blade length and was an abbreviation of "wakizashi no katana" ("sword thrust at one's side"); the term was applied to companion swords of all sizes. It was not until the Edo period in 1638 when the rulers of Japan tried to regulate the types of swords and the social groups which were allowed to wear them that the lengths of katana and wakizashi were officially set.
Kanzan Sato, in his book titled "The Japanese Sword", suggests that the wakizashi may have become more popular than the tanto due to the wakizashi being more suited for indoor fighting. He mentions the custom of leaving the katana at the door of a castle or palace when entering while continuing to wear the wakizashi inside. Wakizashi were worn on the left side, secured to the obi
Code: 19134Price: 2450.00 GBP
A Fabulous Ancient, Classical, Early Iron & Bronze Age DaggerFrom the ancient Persian Empire made in the time of the ancient Phoenicians, and the earliest period of ancient Greek history. It is incredible to comprehend that this fine piece would have been a revered ancestral weapon of great antiquity when it was used in the time of the Siege of Troy, and the earliest Greek-Persian Wars. It would have already been 700 years old when Alexander The Great was embarking on his extraordinary campaign to conquer the Persian Empire, half the known world and to become the greatest ruler in history. An exceptionally beautiful and rare artefact. Around 3000 years old, and superbly demonstrating the skill of the artisans from the bronze age and iron age combined. With a flanged eared pommel in iron, bronze hilt and grip and a double ribbed double edged blade in steel. Around 3000 BC, iron was a scarce and precious metal in the Near East. The earliest known iron artefacts are nine small beads, dated to 3200 BC, from burials in Gerzeh, northern Egypt, that were made from meteoric iron, and shaped by careful hammering. Iron's qualities, in contrast to those of bronze, were not understood. Between 1200 BC and 1000 BC, diffusion in the understanding of iron metallurgy and use of iron objects was fast and far-flung. In the history of ferrous metallurgy, iron smelting — the extraction of usable metal from oxidized iron ores — is more difficult than tin and copper smelting. These other metals and their alloys can be cold-worked, or melted in simple pottery kilns and cast in moulds; but smelted iron requires hot-working and can be melted only in specially designed furnaces. It is therefore not surprising that humans only mastered iron smelting after several millennia of bronze metallurgy. 11.5 inches overall, approx 16 ozs
Code: 19133Price: 2395.00 GBP
A Fascinating Indian Silver Tulwar Sword, English Rifle Regt. Sword BladeIt bears the blade of an English, 60th Rifle Regt sword made by Robert Mole. The hilt is an 18th century silver overlaid tulwar sword with disc hilt. This is a captured sword-bayonet blade from a Brunswick Rifle [the successor of the Baker Rifle] of a rifleman of the 60th Rifles [the KRR]. The regiment was garrisoned in India at the time and fought after the Mutiny began with distinction, yet some unfortunate men of the 60th suffered terrible personal losses to their families and loved ones, that were present at the time of the rebellion, at the hands of mutinous sepoys. In the Indian mutiny riflemen were using the new P53 Enfield, and some still the 1840 Brunswick, and some weaponry were kept in store for emergencies and sepoy riflemen. This Brunswick sword has been captured and the brass regular hilt replaced with a most superior silver Indian tulwar hilt, and then used by an Indian high ranking mutineer, until it was obviously recaptured and returned to England once more in it's now changed guise. One can imagine it was entirely symbolic, a weapon for a once loyal indian, now commanding mutineers against their former collegues and commanders, using a British Rifle Regt. Blade, yet mounted with a traditional high ranking, silver, indian combat sword hilt. The Indian Mutiny (also known as India's First War of Independence, Revolt of 1857, or the Sepoy Mutiny) began as a mutiny of sepoys of British East India Company's army on 10 May 1857, in the town of Meerut. It soon erupted into other mutinies and civilian rebellions largely in the upper Gangetic plain and central India, with the major hostilities confined to present-day Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, northern Madhya Pradesh, and the Delhi region. The rebellion posed a considerable threat to Company power in that region, and it was contained only with the fall of Gwalior on 20 June 1858.The rebellion proved to be an important watershed in Indian history; it led to the dissolution of the East India Company in 1858, and forced the British to reorganise the army, the financial system, and the administration in India. India was thereafter governed directly from London—by the British government India Office and a cabinet level Secretary of State for India—in the new British Raj, a system of governance that lasted until 1947.
Code: 19132Price: 695.00 GBP
A 15th Century Style Broadsword, Crest of The Holy Roman EmperorPossibly Francis 1st period, and we believe, a sword of the armoured guard, somewhat akin to the swords of the Trebanten Guard of the Prince Electors of Saxony. His titles were; Francis I, by the grace of God elected Holy Roman Emperor, forever August, King in Germany and of Jerusalem, Archduke of Austria, Duke of Lorraine, Bar, and Grand Duke of Tuscany, Duke of Calabria, in Silesia of Teschen, Prince of Charleville, Margrave of Pont-à-Mousson and Nomeny, Count of Provence, Vaudémont, Blâmont, Zütphen, Saarwerden, Salm, Falkenstein. The sword blade also bears it's number 38, so logic dictates there were possibly at least 37 similar to it. It bears the crowned double headed eagle crest of the Holy Roman Empire [and Austrian Empire] and traces of motto that appears to be Pour Emperor et Roy but barely enough remains to be sure. The Holy Roman Emperor was the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire. From an autocracy in Carolingian times the title evolved into an elected monarchy chosen by the Prince-electors. Until the Reformation the Emperor elect (imperator electus) was required to be crowned by the Pope before assuming the imperial title.
The title was held in conjunction with the rule of the Kingdom of Germany and the Kingdom of Italy (Imperial Northern Italy). In theory, the Holy Roman Emperor was primus inter pares (first among equals) among the other Roman Catholic monarchs; in practice, a Holy Roman Emperor was only as strong as his army and alliances made him.
Various royal houses of Europe, at different times, effectively became hereditary holders of the title, in particular in later times the Hapsburgs. After the Reformation many of the subject states and most of those in Germany were Protestant while the Emperor continued to be Catholic. The title was abolished by the last Emperor (who became simply the Emperor of Austria) as a result of the collapse of the polity during the Napoleonic wars.
Code: 19131Price: 2650.00 GBP
18th Century Massive Indian Executioner's Sword TeghaMughal Executioner's Sword (tegha) made around the time of Emperor Shah Alam II and used into the era of Emperor Akbar II, India, 1222-4 AH/ 1807-10 AD. With a massive 73.5cm broad curved single edge steel blade, double edged for the last 26cm, each side chiselled with panels of deities, one side applied with a brass figure. Prince Mirza Akbar was born on 22 April 1760 to Emperor Shah Alam II at Mukundpur, Rewa, while his father was in exile. On 2 May 1781, at the Red Fort, the prince was made Crown Prince with the title of Wali Ahd Bahadur, after the death of his elder brother. When the renegade eunuch Ghulam Qadir captured Delhi, the young Prince Mirza Akbar was forced to nautch dance together along with other Mughal princes and princesses. He witnessed how the members of the imperial Mughal family were humiliated, as well as starved. When Jahan Shah IV fled, Mirza Akbar was titular Emperor with the title of Akbar Shah II, and was to remain acting emperor even after the reinstation of his father Shah Alam II, till December 1788. Akbar II (1760–1837 CE), also known as Akbar Shah II, was the penultimate Mughal emperor of India. He reigned from 1806 to 1837. He was the second son of Shah Alam II and the father of Bahadur Shah II..No scabbard
Code: 19130Price: 1825.00 GBP
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