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A Sword of W.C. Cunninghame Hero of the 79th Foot & Queens Bodyguard
William Cuninghame Cuninghame, Capt. of the 79th Cameron Highlanders, [son of William Alexander Cuninghame late of the 95th] landed with his regiment in the Crimea. He served in the battle of Alma, Balaklava and Sebastepol awarded the Crimean medal with three clasps, and the Turkish medal [not included]. After his distinguished service in the Crimean War he bacame a member of the Corps of Gentleman at Arms, Queen Victoria's personal bodyguard. This is his basket hilted broadsword was commissioned from Wilkinson sword, completed on the 15th May, and delivered or colllected later in May, 1854 [serial numbered 5174]. The basket is complete with it's stag hide liner lined with traditional red uniform cloth with silk tassle. The broadsword blade is etched with Wilkinsons mark and the steel mounted leather scabbard once bore full engraving of his name crest and regiment. The Cuninghame name is one of Scotlands oldest clan names, based on a regional name, and can trace their Scottish ancestry back to Cunninghame which is the northern part of Ayrshire.Traditionally, in 1059, King Malcolm rewarded Malcolm, son of Friskin with the Thanedom of Cunninghame. The name is therefore of territorial origin and it likely derives from cuinneag which means milk pail and the Saxon ham which means village. There is a story that states that Malcolm who was the son of Friskin, obtained the lands from Malcolm III of Scotland after he had sheltered him under hay in a barn The Cunninghams were certainly well settled in the parish of Kilmaurs by the end of the thirteenth century. The son of the Laird of Kilmaurs was Hervy de Cunningham who fought for Alexander III of Scotland at the Battle of Largs in 1263 against the Norse invaders. During the Wars of Scottish Independence the Cunninghams were supporters of the Bruces in their fight for Scottish independence. A detail of the 79th Cameron Highlanders at Alma goes as follows; About half-past one o’clock 20th Sept 1854 the action commenced by the Russians opening fire from the redoubt on the left upon the French, who were attempting to assail their position in that direction. The British forces then formed in line, and proceeded to cross the river about the village of Burliuk. The light and second divisions led the way preceded by the skirmishers of the Rifle Brigade, who advanced through the vineyards beyond the village, and spreading themselves along the margin of the river, engaged the Russian riflemen on the opposite bank.

The first division, which formed the left of the allied army, advancing in support, traversed the vineyard and crossed the river, protected by its overhanging banks. On reaching the slope of the hill, the three Highland regiments formed line in échélon, and, "with the precision of a field-day advanced to the attack, the 42nd Royal Highlanders on the right, and the 79th Cameron Highlanders on the left, the extreme left of the allied army." "The magnificent mile of line," says Captain Jameson, "displayed by the Guards and Highlanders, the prominent bear-skin, the undulating waves of the clan-tartans, the stalwart frames, steady and confident bearing of these young and eager soldiers advancing under fire, can never be forgotten by those who witnessed it, whilst it contributed materially to the discouragement of the enemy, whose columns perceptibly wavered as they approached. His masses of four - and - twenty deep, absolutely reeled and staggered to and fro under the murderous fire of the Scottish line, which was delivered with great effect at a distance of 200 yards."
The first sword of three that we are offering from the Cuninghame family that we are having artisan restored and conserved. This sword was the subject of many hours of dedicated specialist conservation. A restoration that is certainly not designed to restore to 'as new' condition, but to be sensitive and considerate, in order to retain as much original natural age patination as possible, but at the same time re-invigorate it's aged appearance. Often this is far more technical and time consuming than a simple 'as new' restoration, but as all of these swords have not only elements of quality, more importantly, historical significance, we feel it paramount to be as considerate as we possibly can. We show in the gallery a painting of the 79th Highlanders charging at Alma, a photo of Capt. W.C.Cuninghame's Crimean War & Queen's Bodyguard Diamond Jubilee medal that were sold some years ago, and a photo of Capt. Cuninghame as part of Queen Victoria's personal bodyguard at the Jubilee service at St Paul's Cathedral 1897 . The basket has a small bar lacking on one side due to hand to hand combat contact damage. As the scabbard is steel mounted, not brass as are his ancestors swords, the family name crest and regiment engraving on the scabbard has all but disappeared due to very light old surface pitting but traces of it can be identified in the right light. It would likely need modern infra red light technology to reveal it fully. 32.25 inch blade. Capt. Cuninghame's Medals and photos in the gallery not included.

Code: 20427Price: On Request

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A Super 1796 Lowlanders Infantry Sword, Early Ancestral Broadsword Blade
With silver bound grip, fold down guard, with fold across support clip, very wide 17th century broadsword blade with triple fullers and latin stamps within the central fuller. Just returned from our artisan workshop after a 30 hour thorough restoration and conservation. We show in the photo gallery of this sword, another similar sword, that we had some time ago with a most comparable style of blade form [very wide and short]. That similar style of bespoke broadsword bladed 1796 infantry sword we had, was made for an officer of the 1st regt of foot, the Royal Scots in 1800. This sword does not have a bespoke contemporary blade like the other, but a rarer ancient ancestral broadsword blade, adapted from an ancestors basket hilted broadsword. About 40 years ago we had another very similar sword, also with a short wide broadsword blade, and simlarly marked for the 1st regiment of foot. We deduced that in around 1800 a number or group of officers of this regiment had their 1796 pattern swords made with similar short wide broadsword blades, and that this sword was quite likely made for an officer of that regiment. The 1st was sent to Quebec with the outbreak of the War of 1812. It fought in the battles of Sackett's Harbor and Buffalo & Black Rock, as well as the capture of Fort Niagara (1813), the battles of Longwoods, Chippawa, and Lundy's Lane, along with the Siege of Fort Erie and the battle of Cook's Mills (1814). In February 1812, the regiment was retitled as the 1st Regiment of Foot (Royal Scots), the first official appearance of the popular name.
Two new battalions were raised in late 1804, at Hamilton, the 3rd and 4th Battalions. The 3rd served in the Peninsular War from 1808 to 1809, fighting at the Battle of Corunna in 1809 before being withdrawn by sea and sent to the Walcheren Campaign with the 1st Division. It returned to Portugal in 1810 with the 5th Division, fighting at the Battle of Buçaco (1810), the Battle of Fuentes de Onoro (1811), the battles of Badajoz, Salamanca and Burgos (1812), the Battle of Vitoria, capture of San Sebastián, Battle of Nivelle, and the Battle of Nive (1813), before advancing into France in 1814. It was sent to Belgium during the Hundred Days, and fought in Picton's Division (the 5th) at the Battle of Waterloo (1815). After two years in the Army of Occupation, it was disbanded at Canterbury in 1817.

Code: 20426Price: 1395.00 GBP

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An R.101 Airship Catastrophe Crash Memorial Service Card
On October 5, 1930, the British airship R.101 crashed on a hill in Beauvais, France. The impact was gentle and survivable but the ship was inflated with hydrogen, and the resulting fire incinerated 46 of the passengers and crew. Two additional crew members died of their injuries soon after. The ship had never been flown at full speed, or on all engines, or in bad weather. But on October 4, 1930, the ship was dispatched to fly on all engines into a known storm, at a time of year known for bad weather, despite the recommendation of airship officers and meteorology experts.

After struggling to maintain altitude over England and the Channel the ship crossed into France, where rain and wind damaged the unrepaired fabric at the nose of the ship and broke open gas bags in the bow, releasing the ship’s lifting gas. The overloaded and under-ballasted ship settled into a hillside in northern France and moments later the ship’s hydrogen erupted into flame. Calcium flares in the control car may have ignited, activated by exposure to water, but whatever the source of ignition, the fire destroyed the ship in minutes and killed most of those onboard, including Lord Thomson.

Code: 20424Price: 35.00 GBP

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A Delightful Early and Ancient Kamakura Rai Kunimitsu Samurai Tanto
Carved horimono of a Buddhist ken sword with varjira and stylzed dragon, called the Shinokurikara. Nakago of the early belly form. Iron fushi kashira inlaid with pure gold with dargon and clouds and the tsuba is also of iron with onlaid pure gold Kiri mon. The lacquer saya is of nishiji gold flakes. Blade in the process of being repolished. Thin suguha hamon. Although it has four mekugi ana the signature is still readable and it is Rai Kunimitsu. Gold and blue silk wrap. Made circa 1310. An article written on Rai Kunimitsu; Rai Kunimitsu is one of the group of very famous smiths with Sai-jo rankings from Fujishiro. He is considered to be the son of Rai Kunitoshi with the given name Jirobei, and inherits the main line of Rai through his father. He begins independently signing his own work in the late Kamakura period and works into the Nanbokucho. Fujishiro indicates that his dated work shows a 36 year working period starting in Showa (1312), but it's possible this has been extended with finds that post-date his writings. Yamanaka has him starting earlier in Kagen (1303).

Rai Kunitoshi and Rai Kunimitsu were famous and successful in their own time. Furthermore they have been given as gifts to and from the Shogun in the Edo period, indicating that this esteem has carried through the ages. Quoting from Fujishiro:

It is not hard to imagine why the kaji Kunitoshi, Kunimitsu, and father and son Kunitsugu were famous and prospered in their time. Among the names of the swordsmiths that have been handed down to the present day, there are two cases, the one in which their fame was circulated about while they were still living, and those which became famous after they died. It is probably reasonable to consider Kunitoshi nado among the former.

Some experts have declared Rai Kunimitsu to be the top smith of the entire Rai school, though mostly he is seen as a little bit junior to Rai Kunitoshi who is the pre-eminent smith of Rai. His work is seen both with choji similar to his father's early style, and the later style of Rai work with suguba. As a smith he made several different styles of tachi staying current with the times, and four of five different styles of tanto, from typically Kamakura through to sunnobi style from the Nanbokucho. Sometimes a bit of Soshu style can be seen in his work, though not as much as in Kunitsugu. Today there are many works of his that are held at the highest levels of appreciation: Kokuho (National Treasure), Juyo Bunkazai and Juyo Bijutsuhin, and Tokubetsu Juyo Token.

Of interesting note he on occasion signed "Rai Minamoto Kunimitsu" and the Minamoto is something also seen rarely on Rai Kunitoshi. Rai works are known to have somewhat thin skin and after some polishing some rough texture often appears which is known as "Rai Hada" and is generally not considered a flaw, though it is of course more desirable to have a piece that does not show this feature.

Code: 20423Price: On Request

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Three Early 19th Century Combat Swords of the Scottish Cuninghame Family
Original family swords all with provenance, from the 95th, the 45th and the 79th Foot Regiments. Recently acquired, and two are now awaiting restoration, from a direct line family descendant. Three super antique officers combat swords of his ancestors, who all fought with distinction, either in the Napoleonic Wars, from the 1790's, to The Crimean War in Russia. Each sword is engraved with the family name, crest, and motto. One sword is from a Cuninghame, William Alexander, served as an officer in the 95th regt., one belonged to Thomas Cuninghame his elder brother who served in the 45th regt., and the last, which we have now fully conserved, was used by William Alexander Cuninghame's son, William Cuninghame Cuninghame and it is a Wilkinson Highlanders basket hilted sword, he served in the 79th, the Cameron Highlanders, with distinction in the Crimean War, and became an officer in Queen Victoria's personal bodyguard, the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen at Arms. We can show a photograph his 79th's Crimean War medals, and the Queen's Bodyguard Jubilee medal, that were sold a number of years ago and not included. The officer of the 45th, The Nottinghamshire Regt., Thomas Cuninghame, served as a Captain in Wellington's 'Red Jackets', one of his prize veteran regiments, that fought with conspicuous heroism in the Peninsular War and gained 14 Battle Honours [known as colours]. The regiment embarked for Portugal in July 1808 to serve under General Sir Arthur Wellesley in the Peninsular War. The regiment fought at the Battle of Roliça in August 1808, the Battle of Vimeiro later that month and the Battle of Talavera, where it won the nickname "Old Stubborns", in July 1809. The regiment went on to fight at the Battle of Bussaco in September 1810 before falling back to the Lines of Torres Vedras. It saw action again at Battle of Fuentes de Ońoro in May 1811, the Siege of Ciudad Rodrigo in January 1812 and the Siege of Badajoz in March 1812 before fighting at the Battle of Salamanca in July 1812 and the Battle of Vitoria in June 1813. It then pursued the French Army into France and fought at the Battle of the Pyrenees in July 1813, the Battle of Nivelle in November 1813 and the Battle of Orthez in February 1814 as well as the Battle of Toulouse in April 1814. The regiment returned home in June 1814. We show in the gallery a front cover of a current book on the 45th in the Peninsular, a painting of the 79th at Alma, both for information only. All three will be subject to artisan restoration over the coming weeks, including full leather restoration, and they will be available then for sale once completed. The photos of the blade etchings are from the 45th Regt. Sword, including St Andrew with the saltire cross and the motto of the Royal Stuarts, Nemo me impune lacessit. The other two blades are plain. The steel basket hilted sword was commissioned in 1854 from Wilkinsons. As that is steel mounted, the family name crest and regimnent engraving on the scabbard has all but disappeared due to very light old surface pitting but traces of it can be identified in the right light. It would likely need modern infra red light technology to reveal it fully.

Code: 20422Price: On Request

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A Good WW2 Third Reich Naval Krieigsmarine Officer's Stick Pin
2" x 3/4" Eagle size.

Code: 20419Price: 75.00 GBP

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A Wonderful Indo Persian 18th Century Khula Khud and Sipar Shield
A beautiful hemispherical helmet suite of fabulous form and the most desireable design.Feather plume holders, adjustable nasal guard with a spike central finial, and two colour chainmail camail, fully engraved helmet with seated figures and calligraphic panels all over decorated with traces of gold inlay. The steel sipar shield is also matching with figures and calligraphic script with four central bosses. All the inscribed surfaces are decorated with traces of gold and silver koftgari work. Koftari is a decorative technique that was very popular in the region. The surface to be covered in gold or silver is crosshatched using a file or chisel in the design wanted, fine gold or silver foil is hammered into the crosshatching and then the surface is burnished which removes the loose foil from the non crosshatched surfaces leaving the design in gold or silver. The ancient Achaemenid Empire, also known as the Persian Empire, is another power that conquered a significant portion of the world and held it for a long time during the antiquity era. The empire typically lasted from 550BC, when Cyrus the Great rose against the Medes Empire and eventually conquered it, to create the early Persian Empire. Cyrus the Great’s initiative to unite the northern and southern halves of modern day Iran lead to the formation of one of the greatest empires in history. This empire lasted until 331BC, when Alexander the Great defeated the Persian army at Gaugamela.

The two most powerful Persian kings and leaders of the Persian Empire were Cyrus the Great and Darius the Great. They were great leaders because they were strategic in their military tactics and were good fighters. As the Persian Empire expanded and grew more prosperous, so did its culture. The Persian Empire expanded to a vast region spanning from Asia to Europe and Africa, and was involved in many wars. A notable war the Persian Empire was involved in was the Greco-Persian War, also known as Persian War (throughout 5th century BC), which was a series of conflicts with Greece. The defeat of the Persians in this war during Alexander the Great's rule of Greece led to the revolt of the Greek cities of Asia, and the end of the Persian Empire.

In contrast to other European armies, the Achaemenid (Persian) army was a light army. Traditional Persian warfare consisted of light armour, helmets and shields. Armed with spears or swords.

Code: 20416Price: 2650.00 GBP

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A Superb Near Mint Royal Naval Officers Sword With Portopee
Absolutely perfect for current service use, or as an original WW2 vintage collectable. Made by Gieves of Saville Row, King George VIth period WW2 . Named at the rear for it's original owner. Blade retains some original etching after many polishes over the decades.The British, Royal Naval officer's sword is as close to perfection as it is possible to be, and a joy to behold. Before Wilkinson Sword and Gieves stopped the hand making of the standard British naval officer's swords, they cost around 5 times as much as the standard US naval officer's sword. The reason, the criteria of quality for a British or Commonwealth armed services sword is so much higher than the criteria of quality for a standard service sword for all the other nations of the world. 22 carat pure gold plate over the cast gun metal hilt, with a triple wire bound real sharkskin grip, and gun metal scabbard mounts. It has a tempered blade of the highest possible grade and the best possible hide for the dress scabbard. It was designed in 1827 and it is a pattern that has proved impossible to better for nigh on 200 years. We are offering this fine British made sword at around half the price it cost some decades ago. Sadly most brand new swords sold today for the RN are no longer British made.

Code: 20415Price: 895.00 GBP

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A Fine Presentation George IIIrd Brass Barrel Blunderbuss By Thomas, London
Presented in 1800 to John Holmes from Vincent Drew Esq. Finest walnut stock with wonderous patination. Excellent action and overall in superb condition. Probably by Isaac Thomas. Small part of the butt wood lacking under the bottom section of butt plate. The Blunderbuss (born of the Dutch word "Donderbus", appropriately meaning "Thunder Pipe" or "Thunder Gun") came to prominence in the early part of the 18th Century (1701-1800) and was more akin to the modern day shotgun than a "long gun" musket or heavy pistol of the time. As such, she excelled in close-in fighting, be it within the confines of naval warfare or walled nature of the urban environment, where her spread of shot could inflict maximum damage to targets at close ranges. Its manageable size, coupled with its spread shot, ensured some level of accuracy for even the novice user and its appearance was rather intimidating to those unfortunate enough to be staring down the business end. As with modern firearms, the Blunderbuss also made for an excellent security-minded weapon and soon found popularity amongst all matter of operators - military, civilian and, of course, criminal parties - by the middle of the 1700s. Even George Washington championed the Blunderbuss for Continental Army "Dragoon" units of the burgeoning American military as opposed to the carbine this being nothing more than a full-featured long gun of lesser overall length, proving suitable for horse-mounted handling. In fact, the short-form version of the Blunderbuss came to be known as the "Dragon", giving rise to the term "Dragoon" for such gun-wielding cavalrymen. Dragoons went on to form specialized units of mounted infantrymen within their respective armies during the end of the 17th Century and into the middle of the 18th Century - in a way, becoming an evolutionary step of the fabled mounted knight of the Middle Ages. Their use of Dragons soon gave way to the widely-accepted carbine musket. The Blunderbuss was also known as the "Blunderbess"

Code: 20412Price: 3250.00 GBP

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A Most Intrigueing Cast Metal Bust of Reichmarshall Herman Göring
From Berlin 1945. Approximately 2/3rds life size. It has been damaged at the base [where it is signed by the sculptor] from the bombing in Berlin in 1945. It was 'recovered' from a wrecked office in the German Air Ministry on Wilhelmstrasse. The bust has it's original black finish but areas of colour finish loss, and it has a stone possibly marble base. It should repair to mount as it once was, with a well applied epoxy, if the new owner wishes to do so, but in many ways, should it be left as is, as an historical artefact of wartime Berlin. There is every chance Hitler himself and certainly Goering may well have walked passed it in it's original location. The Air Ministry was most busy place in the very centre of the Nazi hierarchy of Berlin, from 1933 right until the last days of the war. Hermann Wilhelm Göring 12 January 1893 – 15 October 1946) was a German politician, military leader, and leading member of the Nazi Party (NSDAP). A veteran World War I fighter pilot ace, he was a recipient of the coveted Pour le Mérite, also known as the "Blue Max". He was the last commander of Jagdgeschwader 1, the fighter wing once led by Manfred von Richthofen.

A member of the NSDAP from its earliest days, Göring was wounded in 1923 during the failed coup known as the Beer Hall Putsch. He became addicted to morphine after being treated with the drug for his injuries. After helping Adolf Hitler take power in 1933, he became the second-most powerful man in Germany. He founded the Gestapo in 1933, and later gave command of it to Heinrich Himmler. Göring was appointed commander-in-chief of the Luftwaffe (air force) in 1935, a position he held until the final days of World War II. Before the Allied bombing campaign, he enjoyed widespread popularity among the German public. By 1940, he was at the peak of his power and influence; as minister in charge of the Four Year Plan, he was responsible for much of the functioning of the German economy in the build-up to World War II. Hitler promoted him to the rank of Reichsmarschall, a rank senior to all other Wehrmacht commanders, and in 1941 Hitler designated him as his successor and deputy in all his offices. Göring's standing with Hitler was reduced by the beginning of 1943, when the Luftwaffe failed to stop the Allied bombing of German cities and was unable to resupply German forces trapped in the Battle of Stalingrad. Göring largely withdrew from the military and political scene and focused on the acquisition of property and artwork, much of which was taken from Jewish victims of the Holocaust. Informed on 22 April 1945 that Hitler intended to commit suicide, Göring sent a telegram to Hitler requesting permission to assume control of the Reich. Considering it an act of treason, Hitler removed Göring from all his positions, expelled him from the party, and ordered his arrest.

After World War II, Göring was convicted of war crimes and crimes against humanity at the Nuremberg trials. He was sentenced to death by hanging, but committed suicide by ingesting cyanide the night before the sentence was to be carried out.

9.5 inches high including base.

Code: 20411Price: 595.00 GBP

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