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A Good British Foot Officer's Coatee With Yellow Facings Of The Crimean War
A traditional officer's 'red coat'. With Firmin & Sons, and Smith and Wrights Victorian general service buttons, bearing Queen Victoria's royal crest. With gold bullion officer's trim to the collar and sleeves. The English Red Coat made its first appearance on a European continental battlefield at the Battle of the Dunes in 1658. A Protectorship army had been landed at Calais the previous year and "every man had a new red coat and a new pair of shoes". The English name from the battle comes from the major engagement carried out by the "red-coats". To the amazement of continental observers they stormed sand-dunes 150 feet high fighting experienced Spanish soldiers from their summits with musket fire and push of pike.

The adoption and continuing use of red by most British/English soldiers after the Restoration (1660) was the result of circumstances rather than policy, including the relative cheapness of red dyes. Red was by no means universal at first, with grey and blue coats also being worn. There is no known basis for the myth that red coats were favoured because they did not show blood stains. Blood does in fact show on red clothing as a black stain.

Prior to 1707 colonels of regiments made their own arrangements for the manufacture of uniforms under their command. This ended when a royal warrant of 16 January 1707 established a Board of General Officers to regulate the clothing of the army. Uniforms supplied were to conform to the "sealed pattern" agreed by the board.The style of the coat tended to follow those worn by other European armies. The long coat worn with a white or buff coloured waistcoat was discontinued in 1797 in favour of a tight-fitting coatee fastened with a single row of buttons, with white lace loops on either side. Following the discomfort experienced by troops in the Crimean War, a more practical tunic was introduced in 1855, initially in the French double breasted style, but replaced by a single breasted version in the following year.

From an early stage red coats were lined with contrasting colours and turned out to provide distinctive regimental facings (lapels, cuffs and collars). Examples were blue for the 8th Regiment of Foot, green for the 5th Regiment of Foot, yellow for the 44th Regiment of Foot and buff for the 3rd Regiment of Foot. 1747 saw the first of a series of clothing regulations and royal warrants that set out the various facing colours and distinctions to be borne by each regiment. An attempt at standardisation was made following the Childers Reforms of 1881, with English and Welsh regiments having white, Scottish yellow, Irish green and Royal regiments dark blue. However some regiments were subsequently able to obtain the reintroduction of historic facing colours that had been uniquely theirs.

British soldiers fought in scarlet tunics for the last time at the Battle of Gennis in the Sudan on 30 December 1885. They formed part of an expeditionary force sent from Britain to participate in the Nile Campaign of 1884-85, wearing the "home service uniform" of the period including scarlet tunics, although some regiments sent from India were in khaki drill. A small detachment of infantry which reached Khartoum by steamer on 28 January 1885 were ordered to fight in their red coats in order to let the Mahdist rebels know that the real British forces had arrived
A little mothing and seam opening, 1 odd button one button lacking..

Code: 18903Price: On Request

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Easter Shop Opening Times. As Usual We Do Not Open on Bank Holidays
or Sundays. However, we are open this Easter Saturday, as usual, and we are always contactable by email or on 07721 010085 during our closing hours. All website activity carries on 24-7 as usual though. Why not choose an antique sword for your Easter loved one, or even you! Every day we try our utmost to supply all our customers with that something special and unique, and as usual we believe have some amazing offerings, from all over the world, from ancient to vintage, and every one a little part of history. Deliveries in the UK will be normal up to Easter. All items supplied with our unique lifetime guarantee of authenticity detailing its full history as known.

Code: 18905Price: On Request

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A Very Nice Shinto Wakazashi By Kanenobu
Signed Seki ju Kanenobu. Superb and most beautiful and active hamon [temper line] to the blade, fully signed. Good original Edo lacquer saya. The mountings are a gold decorated fushi [hilt collar] of the bamboo grove, and a hand chisselled iron takebori sukashi tsuba, signed, of intense beauty, carved with a tiger with pure gold stripes, and a Dragon in the clouds above a bamboo grove. The Japanese have been fascinated by tigers for centuries. One of the earliest tiger paintings to be discovered in Japan may have been painted in the seventh century and was discovered on the wall of a tomb chamber near the city of Asuka.

Tigers are not indigenous to Japan, however these powerful cats so captivated Japanese imaginations that early artists produced innumerable paintings of them over the course of their history—most without the benefit of firsthand observations. Early Japanese artists were following a precedent established in China, where tigers roamed in great numbers and achieved religious and cosmological symbolism.

According to traditional Asian mythology, tigers are identified with yin, the female principle, as well as autumn and wind. The dragon, representing yang, is believed to create mists and rain and is associated with spring and rejuvenation. Tigers and dragons are sometimes paired together as these images represent opposite principles in nature. Japanese artists Kishi Ganku and Kishi Renzan depict tigers and dragons amid swirling clouds.

Code: 18898Price: 2950.00 GBP

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A Very Good Heer Officer's Sabre WW2 Circa 1936
Gilt hilt with much original gilt remaining Swastika and Eagle langet, made by Alcoso. Alcoso of Solingen scales logo [Alexander Coppel GmbH Dove head pommel with eagle and swastika shield shaped quillon and deluxe oak leaf backstrap. Overall in fabulous condition. The German Army (German: Heer, was the land forces component of the Wehrmacht, the German armed forces, from 1935 to 1945. The Wehrmacht also included the Kriegsmarine (Navy) and the Luftwaffe (Air Force). During World War II, a total of about 15 million soldiers served in the German Army, of whom about seven million became casualties. Separate from the army, the Waffen-SS (Armed SS) was a multi-ethnic and multi-national military force of the Third Reich. Growing from three regiments to over 38 divisions during World War II, it served alongside the army but was never formally part of it.

Only 17 months after Hitler announced publicly the rearmament program, the Army reached its projected goal of 36 divisions. During the autumn of 1937, two more corps were formed. In 1938, four additional corps were formed with the inclusion of the five divisions of the Austrian Army after the Anschluss in March. During the period of its expansion by Adolf Hitler, the German Army continued to develop concepts pioneered during World War I, combining ground (Heer) and air (Luftwaffe) assets into combined arms teams. Coupled with operational and tactical methods such as encirclements and the "battle of annihilation", the German military managed quick victories in the two initial years of World War II, prompting the use of the word Blitzkrieg (literally lightning war, meaning lightning-fast war) for the techniques used.

The German Army entered the war with a majority of its infantry formations relying on the horse for transportation. The infantry remained foot soldiers throughout the war; artillery also remained primarily horse-drawn. The motorized formations received much attention in the world press in the opening years of the war, and were cited as the main reason for the success of the German invasions of Poland (September 1939), Norway and Denmark (April 1940), Belgium, France and Netherlands (May 1940), Yugoslavia (April 1941) and the early campaigns in the Soviet Union (June 1941). However their motorized and tank formations accounted for only 20% of the Heer's capacity at their peak strength. The maker of this fine sword had a most interesting history and somewhat reflective of the whole fate of Germany and it persecuted people during this era. Alexander Coppel was the youngest son of Solingen entrepreneur Gustav Coppel . After finishing his studies, he graduated and joined the family business Alexander Coppel, producing steel products and edged weapons, and in a Hildener produced steel pipes.
Like his parents Coppel was active in his community and social aspects of Solingen, and curator of the "Coppelstifts", a foundation with infant home and recreation centre for adults, which was launched in 1912 by his family. On the occasion of the 100th anniversary of its founding, the company donated, from Alexander Coppel in 1921, two million marks for social purposes. However tragically, after the German transfer of power to the Nazis in 1933, the Jewish family Coppel was harassed and persecuted by the Nazis. Alexander Coppels sister in law, Sophie (1875-1951) emigrated in 1934, with her son Heinz and his family, to Switzerland. In 1936 the company was assimilated by Nazi control. On March 1, the Hildener works, was merged with another company, and the Solingen branch was acquired by "Aryan" shareholders in April. Alexander's eldest brother Carl Gustav (born 1857), who had lived in Dusseldorf since 1920, took his own life on 25 September 1941, and his daughter Anna died in 1942 in the Ravensbrück concentration camp , the fate of her sister Martha is unclear.

Alexander Coppel had from November 1938 held the new name "Gideon"; and in 1941 was "a representative" of the Jewish community under instructions from the supervision of the Gestapo standing district branch of the " Reich Association of Jews in Germany ". On the 21st July 1942 he was, together with other Jewish residents from Solingen, deported to the Theresienstadt ghetto, where he died three weeks later.

Code: 18897Price: 845.00 GBP

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A 'Claw and Feather' Bronze Page Turner
Absolutely perfect for those of an ornithological bent, or a poultry fancier. In colour patinated bronze, possibly Austrian. Circa 1900. 9.5 inches long

Code: 18896Price: 220.00 GBP

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A Very Good Original WW2 Hitler Jugen Armband
The Hitler Youth was a paramilitary organization of the Nazi Party. It existed from 1922 to 1945.The Youth group was established in 1922 as the Jungsturm Adolf Hitler. Based in Munich, Bavaria, it served to train and recruit future members of the Sturmabteilung (or "Storm Regiment"), the adult paramilitary wing of the NSDAP.

Following the abortive Beer Hall Putsch (in 1923), the Nazi youth groups were ostensibly disbanded but many elements simply went underground, operating clandestinely in small units under assumed names. Finally, on 4 July 1926, the Grossdeutsche Jugendbewegung was officially renamed Hitler Jugend Bund der deutschen Arbeiterjugend, (Hitler Youth League of German Worker Youth). This event took place a year after the Nazi Party itself had been reorganized. The architect of the re-organisation was Kurt Gruber, a law student and admirer of Hitler from Plauen, Saxony.

After a short power struggle with a rival organization - Gerhard Roßbach's Schilljugend - Gruber prevailed and his Greater German Youth Movement became the Nazi Party's official youth organization. In July 1926, it was renamed Hitler-Jugend, Bund deutscher Arbeiterjugend (Hitler Youth, League of German Worker Youth) and, for the first time, officially became an integral part of the Sturmabteilung.

By 1930, the Hitler-Jugend had enlisted over 25,000 boys aged 14 and upwards. It also set up a junior branch, the Deutsches Jungvolk, for boys aged 10 to 14. Girls from 10 to 18 were given their own parallel organisation, the Bund Deutscher Mädel (BDM), League of German Girls.

In April 1932, the Hitler Youth was banned by Chancellor Heinrich Brüning in an attempt to stop widespread political violence. But by June the ban was lifted by his successor, Franz von Papen as a way of appeasing Hitler whose political star was ascending rapidly.

A further significant expansion drive started in 1933, when Baldur von Schirach became the first Reichsjugendführer (Reich Youth Leader), pouring much time and large amounts of money into the project. One photo in the gallery shows the Hitler Jugend dagger being worn by a group of HitlerYouth on a goodwill vist to Meiji Shrine in Japan in October 1938.

Code: 18895Price: 110.00 GBP

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WW2 Deutsche Wehrmacht Armband On Yellow Cloth
This Deutsche Wehrmacht armband is the yellow color all cotton type. The words, “Deutsche Wehrmacht” are printed. These armbands were issued to people who assisted the German armed forces.

Code: 18894Price: 85.00 GBP

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A WW2 German NSDAP Early SS-SA Swastika Woollen Arm Band
In red wool cloth with a white and black silk swastika disc. In the early 1933 period both the SA and SS officer's shared this type of deluxe armband as worn by Hitler personally, but in later years [after 1935], the dedicated solely for SS type had a black striped border. For most of the 1920s the NSDAP was a tiny fringe party, commanding just a few Reichstag seats and a small supporter base in Bavaria. But the mid-1920s was also a period of transformation for Hitler and his supporters, who revised their tactics in the wake of the disastrous 1923 putsch. The NSDAP worked to broaden its support and reinvent itself as a legitimate political party. Released from prison at the end of 1924, Hitler told NSDAP members that he no longer intended to seize control through a revolution. Instead, the Nazis would enter mainstream politics, win seats in the Reichstag and seize power from within the parliamentary system they despised. The party, Hitler told his followers, would tone down its revolutionary rhetoric, expand its membership and work towards becoming a national movement. Thus began the rise of the NSDAP. The economic recovery of the mid-1920s took its toll on right wing parties. In 1928 the NSDAP won just 12 Reichstag seats, while the DNVP lost 30 of its seats. In contrast, the SPD increased its share to more than 30 per cent of the Reichstag. But this did not concern Hitler, who was prepared to bide his time. The party was slowly growing and tapping into dissatisfaction and resentment wherever it could. Propaganda was carefully chosen to exploit the grievances of particularly classes; Blut und Boden (‘Blood and Soil’), for example, was chosen to appeal to German farmers hit by a slump in agricultural prices in 1927. Increases in NSDAP membership were reflected by attendances at party rallies and meetings. In 1927 more than 20,000 people attended the NSDAP’s third rally in Nuremberg, a hefty turn-out for any political event. The NSDAP’s paramilitary branch, the Sturmabteilung (SA) also grew rapidly in the late 1920s, soaking up former soldiers, Freikorps members and disgruntled young men. By 1930 SA numbers had reached more than 80,000, concerning both the civilian government and the Reichswehr. Very small mothing at the rear.

Code: 18893Price: 250.00 GBP

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A Very Beautiful Koto Katana Signed Tadamitsu Around 500 Years Old
This sword is signed Tadamitsu and dates to around 1505 during the heart of the Sengoku Jidai (Warring States period).
It is a beautiful and impressive sword with just one hole in the ubu-nakago (an unaltered tang). Hamon Chu-suguha (straight temperline), and shallow notare-kokoro (wave-like patterns within it)
Jihada (surface skin), Tight itame hada (wood grain pattern) Blade length: 69.5cm tsuba to tip. Fushi kashira with kebori fine line engraving of the Tiger in a Bamboo grove theme. The tiger has the power to control the wind, and wind is its constant companion, and bamboo can resist the strongest winds without breaking. Therefore, the two are distinctly balanced. Introduced through Buddhism, the tiger represents the three principals of strength, nobility, and courage. Based likely on the smith Bizen no Kuni Osafune Tadamitsu, but the signature is rather more faint than one would expect, so possibly a made by a pupil of his school. The hamon and grain capture the work beautifully. The saya is beautiful inlaid with tiny flecs of abilone shell that reflect the light stunningly.

Code: 18892Price: 4995.00 GBP

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A Fine Shobu Zukuri [Iris Leaf] Blade Katana Circa 1580 Signed Tadahiro
Mounted in very fine condition WW2 officer sword fittings. The iris leaf form of blade is aesthetically one of the most pleasing with it's shinogi running almost the full length of the blade, and certainly one of the scarcest and most usually seen on wakazashi or tanto. This type of sword has an exceptional cutting blade, as first demonstrated against the Mongol invaders of 1274 and, especially in 1281. It has been said that this style of sword proved incredibly effective against Mongol armour in Kublai Khans attempted invasions, but of course sword training bears little instruction to the cutting of armour in combat, only the flesh of the man beneath it, however it's form would indeed be relatively more effective at penetration of armour plates than the more traditional blade form. Many of the sword battles took place directly on the Mongol ships on the shores of Hakata Bay (Kyushu area). This is a fine early blade from the Koto era and bearing one of the great family names of smith Tadahiro. Most of his first kanji is obscured but the second is easily recognised. It is in original polish and in very nice condition just a few wear areas.

Code: 18891Price: 3995.00 GBP

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