Fabulous Group, of Original Luftwaffe Officers Regalia & German Gold CrossSOLD We are most fortunate to offer items that we acquire directly from the family and descendants of various World War II veterans, in fact, as a rule, that is almost where all our Third Reich items initially come from. We were very pleased indeed to acquire a former RAF Intelligence Officer's souvenirs of the world renown Nuremburg Trials. The sergeant served at the trials, on intelligence duty, and from his heir we acquired a very interesting selection of militaria. The belt is the Luftwaffe officer's full dress belt in bullion, with it's gilt eagle and aero alloy buckle, and his yellow gold [flying service] major's rank badges, in silver bullion, also with a super little swastika card set. We also offer the Luftwaffe War Cross in gold. It is in superb condition, untouched since the war, and one of the highest gallantry decorations, just ranked below the Knight's Cross. The sleeve badge is for the Sports Flying Service that was formed in order to train pilots before the war for the coming Luftwaffe. The War Cross has one small retaining pin lacking on the reverse. At the Nuremburg Trials the most famous defendant was Hitler's most senior confederate Herman Goering. The Luftwaffe prosecutions at the trial completely centred around Feld marshal Herman Goring, who was found guilty and hanged. Colonel Bernd von Brauchitsch, the first military adjutant of Goering, was called as witness to major war crimes as well as his own personal experience of Göring and top Nazi chieftains, and, with his staff, interrogated by the British and American Intelligence service, but not prosecuted. Souvenirs from the defendants and witnesses were often given as gifts to their guards and interrogators just such as these were, although likely not officially permitted. British servicemen and officers were not officially allowed war souvenirs unlike their American counterparts. The German Cross was instituted by Adolf Hitler on 17 November 1941 as an award ranking higher than the Iron Cross First Class and also respectively ranking higher than the War Merit Cross First Class with Swords
The German Cross was issued in two divisions: gold and silver (the colour of the laurel wreath around the swastika), the former being an award for repeated acts of bravery or repeated outstanding achievements in combat, the latter being for multiple distinguished services in war efforts and was considered a continuation of the War Merit Cross with swords. The German Cross was unique in that the Gold and Silver divisions were considered as separate awards but should not be worn simultaneously. However, pictures of recipients wearing both grades exist (see Odilo Globocnik and Dr. Paul Meixner). There are a total of 14 recorded instances of a German recipient receiving both the German Cross in Silver (GCiS) and Gold (GCiG) during the war.
Code: 18388Price: On Request
An Original German WW2 Egg Grenade.The Model 39 Eihandgranate (or Eierhandgranate, "egg hand grenade") was a German hand grenade introduced in 1939 and produced until the end of World War II. The Eihandgranate used the same fuse assembly (the BZE 39) as the Model 43 Stielhandgranate ("Stick Grenade"), which was screwed into the top of the sheet-metal body. To activate, the domed cap was unscrewed, and the pull-cord that had been coiled inside it was tugged sharply before throwing at the target.
The color of the cap indicated the burning time of the type of fuse fitted. Typically, a delay of around 4 seconds was used. However, if a grenade was to be used as a fixed booby-trap then an instantaneous fuse would be fitted. Enemy soldiers who found seemingly discarded grenades would attempt to use them (expecting a standard time delay) only to be blown up the moment they tugged on the pull-cord. Another scenario was to wire an instantaneously fused grenade to a door-frame in an abandoned building. Then the pull-cord would be attached to the door. When the door was kicked open by opposing troops the grenade would detonate. Inert empty and safe, but not suitable for export or for sale to under 18's..
Code: 18385Price: 120.00 GBP
A Superb British WW2 Mills Bomb Grenade.Very nicely marked and dated 1943. A super example of these interesting collectables, and a fabulous conversation piece. William Mills—a hand grenade designer from Sunderland—patented, developed and manufactured the "Mills bomb" at the Mills Munition Factory in Birmingham, England, in 1915. The Mills bomb was adopted by the British Army as its standard hand grenade in 1915, and designated as the No. 5. It was also used by the Irish Republican Army.
The Mills bomb underwent numerous modifications. The No. 23 was a variant of the No. 5 with a rodded base plug which allowed it to be fired from a rifle. This concept evolved further with the No. 36, a variant with a detachable base plate to allow use with a rifle discharger cup. The final variation of the Mills bomb was the No. 36M, which was specially designed and waterproofed with shellac for use initially in the hot climate of Mesopotamia in 1917, but remained in production for many years. By 1918 the No. 5 and No. 23 were declared obsolete and the No. 36 (but not the 36M) followed in 1932.
The Mills was a classic design; a grooved cast iron "pineapple" with a central striker held by a close hand lever and secured with a pin. Although the segmented body helps to create fragments when the grenade explodes, according to Mills' notes the casing was grooved to make it easier to grip and not as an aid to fragmentation. The Mills was a defensive grenade: after throwing the user had to take cover immediately. A competent thrower could manage 30 metres (98 feet) with reasonable accuracy, but the grenade could throw lethal fragments further than this. It could be fitted with a flat base and fired with a blank cartridge from a rifle with a "cup" attachment, giving it a range of around 150 m.
At first the grenade was fitted with a seven-second fuse to accommodate both hand and rifle launch, but during combat in the Battle of France in 1940 this delay proved too long—giving defenders time to escape the explosion, or even to throw the grenade back—and was reduced to four seconds.
The heavy, segmented bodies of "pineapple" type grenades result in an unpredictable pattern of fragmentation. After the Second World War Britain and the US adopted grenades that contained segmented coiled wire in smooth metal casings. The No. 36M Mk.I remained the standard grenade of the British Armed Forces and was manufactured in the UK until 1972, when it was completely replaced by the L2 series. The 36M remained in service in some parts of the world such as India and Pakistan where it was manufactured until the early 1980s. That the Mills bomb remained in use for so many years says much about its effectiveness. Inert empty and safe, but not suitable for export or for sale to under 18's..
Code: 18384Price: 195.00 GBP
The Shop Is Closed As Usual This Bank Holiday Monday 25th AugustBut we will be re-opening on Tuesday the 26th August. We are always contactable though on 07721 010085.. 24-7.
Code: 18383Price: On Request
A Superb English 1850's Transitional Revolver With Original Blue6 shot .36 cal. Probably by Robert Adams. Some of the most ground breaking work in the early design and manufacture of revolvers was undertaken in England long before the world famous American revolver makers, such as Colt and Remington, became famous for their fine pistols. This most attractive piece is fully, and most finely engraved, on the frame and grip, with a highly detailed micro chequered walnut butt. Circa 1850. A classic example of one of the earliest English cylinder revolvers that was favoured by gentleman wishing to arm themselves with the latest technology and improvement ever designed by English master gunsmiths. They were most popular with officers [that could afford them] in the Crimean War and Indian Mutiny. A picture in the gallery is of Robert Adams himself, loading his patent revolver for HRH Prince Albert, Queen Victoria's Consort. He was also manager for the London Armoury and he made many of the 19,000 pistols that were bought by the Confederate States for the Civil War. The US government also bought Adams revolvers from the London Armoury, at $18 each, which was $4.00 more than it was paying Colt for his, and $6.00 more than Remington.The action on this beautiful gun is perfect, very nice, and tight, but the trigger return spring is weak. In good blue finish with some original 'mirror' blue finish remaining. Revolving cylinder operates sporadically.
Code: 18382Price: 1195.00 GBP
A Most Interesting German WW2 Practice Stick GrenadeMaker marked 'brb', code name of Richard Rinker GmbH, Menden Kries, Iserlohn. Used for the training of WW2 German armed forces personnel in grenade hand to hand combat use and throwing techniques. The Model 24 Stielhandgranate was the standard hand grenade of the German Army from the end of World War I until the end of World War II. The very distinctive appearance led to its being called a "stick grenade", or a "potato masher" in British Army slang, and is today one of the most easily recognized infantry weapons of the 20th century. The stick grenade was introduced in 1915 and the design developed throughout World War I. A friction igniter was used; this method was uncommon in other countries, but widely used for German grenades.
Section of the Stielhandgranate Model 24.
A pull cord ran down the hollow handle from the detonator within the explosive head, terminating in a porcelain ball held in place by a detachable base closing cap. To use the grenade, the base cap was unscrewed, permitting the ball and cord to fall out. Pulling the cord dragged a roughened steel rod through the igniter causing it to flare up and start the five-second fuse burning. This allowed the grenade to be hung from fences to prevent them from being climbed; any disturbance to the dangling grenade would cause it to fall and ignite the fuse.
The first stick grenades featured a permanently revealed pull cord which came out from the handle near the bottom (rather than tucked inside the removable screw-capped base). These exposed pull cords had a tendency to accidentally snag and detonate the grenades while being carried, causing severe (usually fatal) injuries.
Stick grenades were stored in cases for transport, and their fuse assemblies inserted prior to going into combat — a reminder for the user was stencilled on each explosive charge ("Vor Gebrauch Sprengkapsel einsetzen", in English: "Before use insert detonator").
This type of grenade, featuring a high explosive charge encased in a thin sheet steel can, is an example of an "offensive" (relying on blast effect), rather than "defensive" (fragmentation) grenade. A serrated fragmentation sleeve ("Splintering") was adopted in 1942 which could be slid over the head of the grenade. Fragments of the sleeve would be scattered on detonation, making the grenade more effective against personnel.
The stick provided a lever, significantly improving the throwing distance. The Model 24 could be thrown approximately 27 metres (30 yd) to 37 metres (40 yd), whereas the British Mills bomb could only be thrown about 14 metres (15 yd) (however the British War Office report "WO 291/472 Performance and handling of HE grenades" gives an average figure for a standing throw of a Mills bomb as 27 metres (30 yd), when crouched 23 metres (25 yd) and lying 22 metres (24 yd)). The stick design also minimized the risk of the grenade rolling downhill back towards the thrower when used in hilly terrain or in urban areas. However, the additional length of the handle meant that fewer could be carried.
The grenades were extremely useful for clearing out entrenched infantry positions. Although they were not individually very effective against armoured vehicles and fortifications, the grenade could be used in an improvised "bundle" style with another six explosive heads (without their sticks) wired around the central stick grenade. These were known as Geballte Ladung ("baled charge").
Code: 18381Price: 195.00 GBP
A Good German WW2 M40 Helmet, With Traces of SS Double DecalWith original liner and small maker stamp Q for Quist of Esslington and size 62. Formerly a double decal, but the traces of state decal on left side and silver traces of the right decal show it was a Waffen SS helmet. The original paint of the skull can be seen on the underside, the surface camo was added after. The M1935 design was slightly modified in 1940 to simplify its construction, the manufacturing process now incorporating more automated stamping methods. The principal change was to stamp the ventilator hole mounts directly onto the shell, rather than utilizing separate fittings. In other respects, the M1940 helmet was identical to the M1935. The Germans still referred to the M1940 as the M1935, while the M1940 and M1942 designations were given by collectors. Naturally the helmet is priced 'as is' accordingly, it would of course have been more valuable with it's decals intact, and untouched.
Code: 18380Price: 895.00 GBP
A Wondrous 560 year Old Koto Period Dragon Katana With Stunning HamonKoshibiraki gunome midare with hitatsura. Circa 1450, Muramachi era. The mounts are a full suite of dragon fittings. The blade is stupendous with an incredibly vivid and convoluted hamon. With full length hi on both sides. Original Edo period ribbed lacquer saya with silver kurigata decorated with crashing waves. The fushi is iron with a dragon around it's perimeter, two dragon menuki and a very fine pure gold decorated iron tsuba with carved dragon. A sword of the period of the Onin War. By July 1467 the fighting had become serious, and this was when the Onin War is said to have started. By September, Kyoto's northern parts were in ruins, and everyone who could flee from Kyoto did so.
Both Yamana Sozen and Hosokawa Katsumoto died in 1473, and even then, the war continued on, neither side figuring out how to end the war. However, eventually the Yamana clan lost heart as the label of "rebel" was at last having some effect. Ouchi Masahiro, one of the Yamana generals, eventually burnt down his section of Kyoto and left the area. By 1477, ten years after the fighting had begun, Kyoto was nothing more than a place for mobs to loot and move in to take what was left. Neither the Yamana clan nor the Hosokawa clan had achieved its aims, other than to whittle down the numbers of the opposing clan.
During this whole ordeal, the shogun was not instrumental in alleviating the situation. While Kyoto was burning, Ashikaga Yoshimasa spent his time in poetry readings and other cultural activities, and in planning Ginkaku-ji, a Silver Pavilion to rival Kinkaku-ji, the Golden Pavilion that his grandfather, Ashikaga Yoshimitsu, had built.
The Onin War, and the shogun’s complacent attitude towards it, "sanctioned" private wars and skirmishes between the other daimyo. No part of Japan escaped the violence. Although the battles in Kyoto had been abandoned, the war had spread to the rest of Japan. In Yamashiro Province, the Hatakeyama clan had split into two parts that fought each other to a standstill. This stalemate was to have serious consequences. In 1485, the peasantry and ji-samurai (lesser samurai - mostly armed peasants) had had enough, and revolted. Setting up their own army (the 'Ikki'), they forced the clan armies to leave the province. The Ikki became a powerful force, much more than simply an armed mob. By 1486 they had even set up a provisional government for Yamashiro province.
The Ikki would form and appear throughout other parts of Japan, such as Kaga Province, where a sect of the Jodo Shinshu Buddhists, the Ikko, started their own revolt during the Onin War after being enlisted by one of Kaga's most prominent warlords, Togashi Masachika. The Ikko, who had a complex relationship with the Jodo Shinshu leader Rennyo, appealed to the common peasants in their region, and inevitably formed the Ikko-ikki. By 1488 the Ikko-ikki of Kaga Province expelled Masachika and the other warlords, and took control of the province. After this they began building a fortified castle-cathedral along the Yodo River and used it as their headquarters. The Ikko-ikki and the Yamashiro-ikki were revolutionary, in a process called gekokujo ("the low oppress the high").
Code: 18379Price: 7250.00 GBP
A Beautiful Shinto Katana, Former Museum Exhibit, Hizen Kuni Tadayoshi17th century signed sword bearing the name of the line of the great Tadayoshi smiths of Hizen. The hamon is utterly fabulous, of stunning choji [mushroom shaped] form, with yakideshi. The tsuba is a nice, early Koto iron example, very shibui, with a stone russeted effect finish and traces of engraved decoration. The wrap is original, old traditional Edo battle wrap, in thin flat cotton ito, with a pair of very nice menuki. Hizen Tadayoshi founded a lineage of sword makers that lasted through nine generations and spanned the years 1596-1880. Throughout this time the sword school of Hizen Tadayoshi was regarded as one of the very finest anywhere in Japan. The blades made by the Tadayoshi masters were carried by both bushi (Samurai warriors) and Daimyo (Lords) alike with great pride and confidence. The output of the Tadayoshi school was prolific and much longer than most of it's rivals, consequently there are Tadayoshi blades extant today. Such was the quality of the Tadayoshi swordmaking line that many emulations of their fine works were created. This sword came from a fine old American collection, the Jefferson Institute, exhibition piece number 804, that has recently been sold from it's collection, and we were delighted to acquire such a fine sword from them. The steel on original, antique, Japanese samurai swords, is, quite simply, way and above the finest steel in the world. Forged by a smith whose skill was unsurpassed throughout the world of blade making. A master smith who, through decades of training and experience, could tell the difference of, potentially, only 20 degrees, in the temperature of red/white hot steel, simply by it's variations in colour.
Code: 18377Price: 5950.00 GBP
A Very Attractive Bamboo, King George IIIrd Blue & Gilt Bladed Sword StickThe swordstick was a popular fashion accessory for the wealthy during the 18th and 19th centuries. While the weapon's origins are unknown, it is apparent that the cane-sword's popularity peaked when decorative swords were steadily being replaced by canes as a result of the rising popularity of firearms, and the lessening influence of swords and other small arms.
The first sword canes were made for nobility by leading sword cutlers. Sixteenth century sword canes were often bequeathed in wills. Sword canes became more popular as the streets became less safe. Society dictated it mandatory that gentlemen of the 18th and especially 19th centuries would wear a cane when out and about, and it was common for the well-dressed gentleman to own and sport canes in a variety of styles, including a good and sound sword cane.
Code: 18376Price: 735.00 GBP
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