An Outstanding Aikuchi Tanto of the '47 Ronin' Asano Samurai Clan C.1550A senior samurai's dagger of the Asano clan of the world renown 47 Ronin fame. All original Edo fittings of silver and buffalo horn. A splendid signed blade kodzuka decorated over a patinated nanako ground with gold and silver 'Noh' masks Usobuki [blowing lie] Kibabeshimi with horns [tusk and mouth clamped firmly shut] Shitadashioto [laughing country woman]. It also has a pocket for a silver kogai, decorated with relief crashing waves, and also mounted with it's now repolished blade. Fine ishime Edo lacquer on the saya and the silver kamon of the Asano. It has a fine and elegant blade with typical Koto thin sugaha hamon. With Mon of the Maruni Chigai Taka no ha [the crossing pair of hawk feathers in circle] and it belongs to the Asano clan a high ranking Asano clan samurai. The mon of Asano Nagamasa 1546 – May 29, 1611) was the brother-in-law of Toyotomi Hideyoshi and one of his chief advisors. Asano also fought for Hideyoshi in a number of campaigns during the Sengoku period of the 16th century of Japan.
Asano accompanied Hideyoshi in his campaign against the Mori clan, and fought in Hideyoshi's invasions of Korea. He also fought for Hideyoshi against the Hojo clan in 1590 and captured Iwatsuki and Edo castles.
Asano was also appointed by Hideyoshi to a Commission of Five (Go-Bugyo) along with Ishida Mitsunari, Maeda Gen'I, Mashita Nagamori and Natsuka Masaie. Asano held seniority over the Commissioners, who were charged with governing the capital of Kyoto and the Home Provinces or Kinai. A close advisor to Hideyoshi, Asano devised the land survey and a number of other policies enacted under his rule.
In 1598, Hideyoshi's invasions were coming to an end, and Asano was sent to Korea with his fellow Commissioner Ishida Mitsunari to arrange for Japanese withdrawal. Asano was assured by the generals that the war was going well, and that they were on the verge of victory. Ishida disagreed, however, and supported withdrawal from Korea. Returning to Japan, daimyo (feudal lords) from across the country became involved in the debate, and the disagreement grew into a major governmental rift. The Go-Bugyo disbanded soon afterwards, having already been replaced by the Council of Five Elders (Tairo) by Hideyoshi before his death.
Nagamasa was succeeded by his son Asano Yoshinaga. Also used by
Asano Naganori, who was the daimyo of the Ako Domain in Japan (1675 - 1701). His title was Takumi no Kami. He is known as the person who triggered a series of incidents retold in a story known as Chushingura, one of the favourite themes of kabuki, joruri, and Japanese books and films. On the day of his death, he drew his sword and attempted to kill Kira in the Corridor of the Pines at Edo Castle in what is now Tokyo. He was wounded and failed to kill Kira. On the same day, the fifth Tokugawa shogun Tsunayoshi sentenced him to commit seppuku, which he did after writing his death poem:
"kaze sasofu hana yori mo / naho ware ha mata / haru no nagori wo / ika ni yatosen."
"More than the cherry blossoms,
Inviting a wind to blow them away,
I am wondering what to do,
With the remaining springtime."
He was buried in the graveyard of Sengaku-ji.
His retainers became ronin when the Shogunate confiscated his fief. Under the leadership of Oishi Kuranosuke, however, they avenged the death of their lord by killing Kira at his mansion in Edo on December 15, 1702. These former retainers became famous as the Forty-seven Ronin, and their vendetta ranks as one of the most renowned in Japan. Ukiyo-e depicting the assault of Asano Naganori on Kira Yoshinaka in the Matsu no Oroka of Edo Castle. A most beautiful original Edo piece from one of the greatest and historical clans in samurai history, beautifully preserved. History of 'Noh'; Shinhachiro Matsumoto suggests Noh originated from outcastes struggling to claim higher social status by catering to those in power, namely the new ruling samurai class of the time. The transferral of the shogunate from Kamakura to Kyoto at the beginning of Muromachi period marked the increasing power of the samurai class and strengthened the relationship between the shogunate and the court. As Noh became the shogun's favorite art form, Noh was able to become a courtly art form through this newly formed relationship. In 14th century, with strong support and patronage from sh?gun Ashikaga Yoshimitsu, Zeami was able to establish Noh as the most prominent theatre art form of the time. 9 inch blade tsuba to hilt 14.5 inches long overall in saya.
Code: 20130Price: 4450.00 GBP
Rare No.5 'Jungle Carbine' Enfield Bayonet Bowie Blade By Wilkinson SwordMade for the British Army Jungle Carbine. These are highly collectable and rare bayonets . This is an excellent, original, serial numbered, British No.5 Jungle Carbine bayonet and scabbard, used, obviously, but in great condition. The bayonet with 8" Bowie style blade (12" overall) retains it's original finish and it's muzzle ring, cross guard and pommel with lug button that has a good strong spring action are in great undamaged condition. It has undamaged slab wood grips and the ricasso stamped WSC with broad arrow marks. The bayonet is complete with it's original matching numbered steel scabbard which has no dents. We haven't touched it's surface and left it just as is. It could polish very nicely indeed by the new owner. The No. 5 Mk.1 Enfield was designed in 1943/1944 as a lighter and handier version of the No. 4 Enfield, primarily for use by airborne forces or units operating in rough terrain. Accepted for service in September 1944, about 250,000 of them were produced by Royal Ordnance Factory Fazakerley and Birmingham Small Arms from 1944-1947.
The No. 5 did see use at the tail end of WW2, but apparently only in Europe, and only in small numbers. The No. 5 is not believed to have been used in Asia until after the official end of the war. Roumours persist that it was used during some of the late war fighting against the Japanese, but this is not backed up by records or photographic evidence.
The first documented use of No. 5s by British soldiers in the field is in Holland in late 1944. Here's a video clip, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I75-6BUO3ag reportedly of the fighting around Walcheren Island in November 1944, with a few No. 5s being seen in the hands of what is believed to be the 52nd Lowland Division
A small number of No. 5s were also in use with No. 48 Royal Marine Commando in Holland. The first units to be outfitted with large numbers of No. 5 Enfields were the 1st Airborne Division and 6th Airborne Division, starting in early-to-mid-1945.
Code: 20129Price: 215.00 GBP
German Infantry and Heer/SS 1930's Dress SidearmThe dress sidearm that was actually based on a bayonet, but, never designed to actually fit a rifle. Before the regulation 1933 pattern Holbein dress SS Dagger was designed, the Heer dress sidearm, with eagle head pommel, bright nickle finish with black grip and black scabbard, was the dagger of choice for enlisted men when walking out, and this dagger continued to be worn by men right into the war period, by both Heer and SS. Made by Alcoso, Solingen. Mint blade, near mint hilt, slight wear to paint on scabbard.
Code: 20128Price: 180.00 GBP
A Good Original 6" 19th Century Naval SpyglassAn absolutely super piece, as from a typical set of original antique Royal Naval Capt's accoutrements. Lenses now fine and crisp, thanks to expert attention, with tight focusing. Intricate, geometrically woven lacquered cotton central tube binding with Turks head knot terminals, and one lanyard loop. With sliding dust protector. It has a wonderful natural aged patination colour to the original gold brass lacquer. Turning a blind eye is an idiom describing the ignoring of undesirable information.
The phrase to turn a blind eye is attributed to an incident in the life of Admiral Horatio Nelson. Nelson was blinded in one eye early in his Royal Navy career. During the Battle of Copenhagen in 1801 the cautious Admiral Sir Hyde Parker, in overall command of the British forces, sent a signal to Nelson's forces ordering them to discontinue the action. Naval orders were transmitted via a system of signal flags at that time. When this order was given to the more aggressive Nelson's attention, he lifted his telescope up to his blind eye, said, "I really do not see the signal," and most of his forces continued to press home the attack. The frigates supporting the line-of-battle ships did break off, in one case suffering severe losses in the retreat.
There is a misconception that the order was to be obeyed at Nelson's discretion, but this is contradicted by the fact that it was a general order to all the attacking ships (some of whom did break off), and that later that day Nelson openly stated that he had "fought contrary to orders". Sir Hyde Parker was recalled in disgrace and Nelson appointed Commander-in-Chief of the fleet following the battle. 16.5 inches long fully extended.
Code: 20127Price: 245.00 GBP
An Late Koto Wakazashi With Original Maeda Clan Mon DecorationCirca 1570, wakazashi with original Edo fittings in bronze and Edo lacquer saya with clan mon. O sukashi tsuba of dragon in iron with gold centred flowers. Very fine blade with wonderful hamon, but grey and in need of polish, which should be finished by the 2nd October. Used by a samurai in the service of the great samurai general and daimyo, the Lord of Kaga, Maeda Toshiie. Toshiie began his career as a member of the akahoro-shu, the unit under Oda Nobunaga's personal command. He later became an infantry captain (an ashigaru taisho ) in the Oda army. During his military career, Toshiie made the acquaintance of many important figures, such as Hashiba Hideyoshi, Sassa Narimasa, Akechi Mitsuhide, Takayama Ukon, and others. Toshiie also was a lifelong rival of Tokugawa Ieyasu. After defeating the Asakura clan, Maeda fought under Shibata Katsuie in the Hokuriku area. He was eventually granted a han (Kaga Domain) spanning Noto and Kaga Provinces. Despite its small size, Kaga was a highly productive province which would eventually develop into the wealthiest han in Edo period Japan, with a net worth of 1 million koku thus, it was nicknamed Kaga Hyaku-man-goku
Toshiie benefited from a core group of very capable senior vassals. Some, like Murai Nagayori and Okumura Nagatomi, were retainers of long standing with the Maeda.
After Nobunaga's assassination at Honno-ji by Akechi Mitsuhide and Mitsuhide's subsequent defeat by Hideyoshi, he battled Hideyoshi under Shibata's command in the Battle of Shizugatake. After Shibata's defeat, Toshiie worked for Hideyoshi and became one of his leading generals. Later somewhere during this time he was forced to fight another of his friends, Sassa Narimasa. Narimasa was greatly outnumbered and felled by Toshiie, following the major Maeda victory at the Battle of Suemori Castle. Before dying in 1598, Hideyoshi named Toshiie to the council of Five Elders to support Toyotomi Hideyori until he was old enough to take control on his own. However, Toshiie himself was ailing, and could manage to support Hideyori for only a year before he died as well.
Toshiie was succeeded by his son Toshinaga.
Code: 20126Price: 2495.00 GBP
An Unusual Steel Mounted British Police Cutlass Circa 1840Steel single bar hilt with sharkskin bound grip, single edged curved cutlass balde with steel mounted leather scabbard and a very fine example of these scarce police cutlasses. Steel mounted police cutlasses are most scarce in that most are brass mounted. Some were used for goal escort duty in the prison service. Current Police Officers, on late night duty, do, what is now very commonly called the 'graveyard shift'. This old English term is in fact derived from the early days of the British constabulary force, when undertaking the late night duty of patrolling graveyards. Which was to a regular patrol made in order to prevent bodysnatchers from defilling late burials, and the stealing bodies, for medical experimentation. This was a highly dangerous part of Victorian policing, as grave robbing was a capital crime, so, the police constables were armed with these swords to protect them from grave assault. These swords were also issued in case of riot, and in various times for general service wear as well. They were issued also for hanging details and on special protection in the transportation of violent criminals and offenders.
Code: 20125Price: 475.00 GBP
Typical Queries That Are Made Every Day at The Lanes ArmouryBelieve it or Not …verbatim queries made by visitors to our store. 23rd of September. A curious question immediately asked by a Gentleman upon entering our shop " How much is the one in your window?"….pause.. " It's the one that's next to the other one"
Code: 20124Price: On Request
A Complete 1853 British Cavalry Sabre with Scabbard & Battle Scars.A fine sabre used by both the British Light Brigade and the Heavy Brigade at Balaklava in the Crimean War with Russia. With distinct signs of combat use and one hilt bar has been cut way in battle. Traditional leather riveted grip and steel combat scabbard. The very same age and pattern as were issued to the 13th Hussars just before they were sent to fight the Czar's Army in Russia, in the Crimean War, and it is perfectly possible that this saw good service in Her Majesty's cavalry in those very campaigns. In fact this pattern of sword was carried by about half of all the troopers who participated in the famous Charge of the Light Brigade, and the less famous but successful Charge of the Heavy Brigade. Also as an interesting twist in the 1853 sword's history, shipments of them were sold to the Confederate states during the American Civil War and saw extensive service in that struggle. In the Crimean War (1854-56), the famous 13th Light Dragoons were in the forefront of the famous Charge of the Light Brigade, immortalized by Tennyson's poem of that name ("Into the valley of death rode the six hundred").
In 1854 the regiment received its orders from the War Office to prepare for service overseas. On the 28 August the
entire Light Brigade (consisting of the 4th Light Dragoons and 13th Light Dragoons, 17th Lancers, the 8th Hussars and 11th Hussars, under the command of Major General the Earl of Cardigan) were inspected by Lord Lucan
On the 20 September the regiment, as part the Light Brigade, took part in the first major engagement of the Crimean War, the Battle of the Alma. The Light Brigade covered the left flank, although the regiment’s role in the battle was minimal. With the Russians in full retreat by
late afternoon, Lord Lucan ordered the Light Brigade to pursue the fleeing enemy. However, the brigade was recalled by Lord Raglan as the Russians had kept some 3,000 uncommitted cavalry in reserve.
During the 25 October the Light Brigade, took part in the Battle of Balaclava and the famous Charge of the Light Brigade. The 13th Light Dragoons formed the right of the front line along with the on the left. The 13th
and 17th moved forward; after 100 yards the 11th Hussars, in the second line, also moved off followed by the
4th and 8th. It was not long before the brigade came under heavy Russian fire. Lord Cardigan, at the front of his
men, charged into the Russian guns receiving a slight wound. He was soon followed by the 13th
and 17th. The two squadrons of the 13th and the right squadron of the 17th were soon cutting down the artillerymen that had remained at their posts. Once the Russian guns had been passed, they engaged in a hand-to-hand fighting with the enemy that was endeavouring to surround them by closing in on either flank. However, the Light Brigade having insufficient forces and suffering heavy casualties, were soon forced to retire. Leather 5 rivet grip, the triple bar guard is now a double. Ordnance stamped blade. Blackened russeted steel surface overall.
Code: 20123Price: 795.00 GBP
An Exceptional Mortimer Box lock Pistol, By Master Gunsmith, Mr MortimerWith silver flowering scroll inlaid walnut grip, lions head butt pommel and ribbed turn-off barrel. Concealed spring loaded trigger. There were two Harvey Walklate Mortimers, the Senior and Junior, who both worked at 89 Fleet Street. The firm began in the mid-18th century, and was well known for its high quality firearms. 29 June 1799 Harvey Walklate Mortimer the younger of Fleet Street apprenticed to Mr Harvey Walklate Mortimer gun maker of the same place admitted into the freedom of the City of London in the company of farriers by servitude. Cased pairs of similar silver inlaid box lock pistols by Mortimer have been recorded to have made in excess of £8,000. such is their desirability, with their pairs of duellers demanding upwards of £50,000. Some small silver inlay losses. Good tight action.
Code: 20122Price: 995.00 GBP
A Stunning 1796 Heavy Cavalry Flintlock Pistol By Brander and PottsThe scarcest and most sought after British military flintlock pistol of the Napoleonic Wars circa 1805. In 1796 a Board of General Officer's met to charge Henry Nock to design and develop a Heavy Dragoon pistol of Carbine bore. He came up with a heavy 9 inch barrel flintlock pistol, with no brass butt cap and no ramrod [the ramrod was to be kept in the saddle holster]. Only one pistol was to be issued to each trooper, as opposed to the light cavalry trooper being issued with a brace [pair]. Subsequent to 1801, the pistols made thereafter were to receive the rammer under the barrel within a channel [as with this one], on occasion to be retained by an internal spring. Brander and Pots were gun suppliers and contractor to the British Board of Ordnance during the Napoleonic Wars. This is a superb Union Brigade troopers flintlock, in wonderful overall condition and good proofs and markings. Finest walnut stock, bearing fine GR ordnance stock stamp, traditional military brass furniture, all steel ramrod of traditional 1796 heavy cavalry form. Round barrel of carbine bore. The bore size was changed at a later date due to the fact that the opposing French Heavy Cavalry were armoured [unlike the British] and carbine bore calibre pistols had difficulty [within the mass inertia of the lead ball] to penetrate plate armour. Martin Brander and Thomas Potts are recorded at 70 Minories and Goodman's Yard from 1802. This is the form of pistol issued by the ordnance to all the great Heavy Dragoon regiments officers, such as of the 2nd Royal North British Dragoons [The Scots Greys], The 6th Inniskillin Dragoons. The 1796 Heavy Dragoon pattern pistols [as all other patterns] were supplied to the British ordnance, for issue to troopers, [ but to the officers directly] by several different makers, as manufacture by the Tower of London armoury was relatively slow, especially as during the Napoleonic Wars, the need for arms was far greater than supply. Brander and Potts were much prized makers, and their fine pistols were supplied to troopers and officers alike serving under the Duke of Wellington's command. The two heavy cavalry brigades called the Household Brigade and the Union Brigade saw famous service at the peak of the Battle of Waterloo, and most famously just before 2.00pm. At this crucial juncture, Uxbridge ordered his two brigades of British heavy cavalry, formed unseen behind a ridge, to charge in support of the hard-pressed infantry. The 1st Brigade, known as the Household Brigade, commanded by Major-General Edward Somerset (Lord Somerset), consisted of guards regiments: the 1st and 2nd Life Guards, the Royal Horse Guards (the Blues), and the 1st (King's) Dragoon Guards. The 2nd Brigade, also known as the Union Brigade, commanded by Major-General Sir William Ponsonby, was so called as it consisted of an English, the 1st (The Royals); a Scottish, 2nd ('Scots Greys'); and an Irish, 6th (Inniskilling); regiment of heavy dragoons. More than 20 years of warfare had eroded the numbers of suitable cavalry mounts available on the European continent; this resulted in the British heavy cavalry entering the 1815 campaign with the finest horses of any contemporary cavalry arm. They also received excellent mounted swordsmanship training. They were, however, inferior to the French in manoeuvring in large formations, cavalier in attitude, and unlike the infantry had scant experience of warfare. According to Wellington, they had little tactical ability or common sense. The two brigades had a combined field strength of about 2,000 (2,651 official strength), and they charged with Uxbridge leading them and little reserve.
The Household Brigade charged down the hill in the centre of the battlefield. The cuirassiers guarding d'Erlon's left flank were still dispersed, and so were swept over the deeply sunken main road and then routed. The sunken lane acted as a trap which funnelled the flight of the French cavalry to their own right, away from the British cavalry. Some of the cuirassiers then found themselves hemmed in by the steep sides of the sunken lane, with a confused mass of their own infantry in front of them, the 95th Rifles firing at them from the north side of the lane, and Somerset's heavy cavalry still pressing them from behind. The novelty of fighting armoured foes impressed the British cavalrymen, as was recorded by the commander of the Household Brigade.
The blows of the sabres on the cuirasses sounded like braziers at work."
Continuing their attack, the squadrons on the left of the Household Brigade then destroyed Aulard's brigade. Despite attempts to recall them, however, they continued past La Haye Sainte and found themselves at the bottom of the hill on blown horses facing Schmitz's brigade formed in squares.
To their left, the Union Brigade suddenly swept through the infantry lines (giving rise to the legend that some of the 92nd Gordon Highland Regiment clung onto their stirrups and accompanied them into the charge). From the centre leftwards, the Royal Dragoons destroyed Bourgeois' brigade, capturing the eagle of the 105th Ligne. The Inniskillings routed the other brigade of Quoit's division, and the Greys destroyed most of Nogue's brigade, capturing the eagle of the 45th Ligne. On Wellington's extreme left, Durutte's division had time to form squares and fend off groups of Greys.
As with the Household Cavalry, the officers of the Royals and Inniskillings found it very difficult to rein back their troops, who lost all cohesion. James Hamilton, commander of the Greys (who were supposed to form a reserve) ordered a continuation of the charge to the French grande batterie. Though the Greys had neither the time nor means to disable the cannon or carry them off, they put very many out of action as the gun crews fled the battlefield.
Napoleon promptly responded by ordering a counter-attack by the cuirassier brigades of Farine and Travers and Jaquinot's two lancer regiments in the I Corps light cavalry division. The result was very heavy losses for the British cavalry The Union Brigade lost heavily in both officers and men killed (including its commander, William Ponsonby, and Colonel Hamilton of the Scots Greys) and wounded. The 2nd Life Guards and the King's Dragoon Guards of the Household Brigade also lost heavily (with Colonel Fuller, commander of the King's DG, killed). However, the 1st Life Guards, on the extreme right of the charge, and the Blues, who formed a reserve, had kept their cohesion and consequently suffered significantly fewer casualties. A counter-charge, by British and Dutch light dragoons and hussars on the left wing and Dutch carabiniers in the centre, repelled the French cavalry. Wellington remarked; Our officers of cavalry have acquired a trick of galloping at everything. They never consider the situation, never think of manoeuvring before an enemy, and never keep back or provide a reserve.
Code: 20121Price: 2995.00 GBP
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