A Stunning, Spanish, Napoleonic Peninsular Wars Period 18th Century PistolFine walnut stock with micro chequered butt. Fine chisselled steel mounts, beautifully engraved. The barrel has excellent gold inlaid maker marks, and the cross of St John armourers's stamps. This is a truly beautiful pistol, likely carried by an officer of the highest rank and position durin the Wars with France in Spain. The Peninsular War[a] (1807–1814) was a military conflict between France and the allied powers of Spain, the United Kingdom and Portugal for control of the Iberian Peninsula during the Napoleonic Wars. The war started when French and Spanish armies occupied Portugal in 1807, and escalated in 1808 when France turned on Spain, its ally until then. The war on the peninsula lasted until the Sixth Coalition defeated Napoleon in 1814, and is regarded as one of the first wars of national liberation, significant for the emergence of large-scale guerrilla warfare. The years of fighting in Spain was a heavy burden on France's Grande Armée. While the French were victorious in battle, their communications and supplies were severely tested and their units were frequently isolated, harassed, or overwhelmed by partisans. The Spanish armies were repeatedly beaten and driven to the peripheries but time and again they would regroup and hound the French. This drain on French resources led Napoleon, who had unwittingly provoked total war, to call the conflict the Spanish Ulcer The British force under Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington guarded Portugal and campaigned against the French in Spain alongside the reformed Portuguese army. Allied to the British, the demoralised Portuguese army was reorganised and refitted under the command of General William Carr Beresford, who had been appointed commander-in-chief of the Portuguese forces by the exiled Portuguese royal family, and fought as part of a combined Anglo-Portuguese army under Wellesley. In 1812, as Napoleon embarked upon his disastrous invasion of Russia, a combined allied army under Wellesley pushed into Spain and took Madrid. Marshal Jean-de-Dieu Soult led the exhausted and demoralized French forces in a fighting withdrawal across the Pyrenees and into France during the winter of 1813-1814.
Code: 17757Price: 1395.00 GBP
A Very Good M.1822 French Imperial, Crimean War Period Cuirassier's PistolManufactured at the Imperial arsenal at St Etienne. Fully inspector marked throughout, with regimental markings and stock roundel stamp, and dated for the Crimean War. Good tight action, rifled barrel. Many pistols of this type were also imported to the USA during the Civil War. At the time of the Crimean War, the army of the Second Empire was a subscripted army, but was also the most proficient army in Europe. One of the more famous groups were the Zouaves. According to Captain George Brinton McClellan, an American Military Observer, the Zouaves were the "…most reckless, self-reliant, and complete infantry that Europe can produce. With his graceful dress, soldierly bearing, and vigilant attitude, the Zouave at an outpost is the beau ideal of a soldier."
The French army consisted of the Imperial Guard infantry, the line infantry including the Foreign Legion, cavalry, artillery, and engineer troops. Sources suggest that between 45,000 and 100,000 French forces were involved at one time or the other in the Crimea. Service in the French army was for seven years, with re-enlistments in increments of seven years. The Battle of Eupatoria was the most important military engagement of the Crimean War on the Crimean theatre in 1855 outside Sevastopol.
Ottoman forces were being transferred from the Danube front to the Crimean port of Eupatoria and the town was being fortified. Upon direct orders from the Czar who feared a wide-scale Ottoman offensive on the Russian flank, a Russian expeditionary force was formed under General Stepan Khrulev aiming to storm the base with a force variously estimated between 20,000 to 30,000.
Khrulev hoped to take the Ottoman garrison by surprise on February 17, 1855. His intention failed to materialise, as both the Ottoman garrison and the Allied fleet anticipated the attack.
The Russian artillery and infantry attacks were countered by heavy Allied artillery fire. Failing to make progress after three hours and suffering mounting casualties, Khrulev ordered a retreat.
This reverse led to the dismissal of the Russian Commander-in-Chief Aleksandr Sergeyevich Menshikov and probably hastened the death of Nicholas I of Russia, who died several weeks after the battle.
As for the battle's strategic importance, it confirmed that allied total command of the sea would ensure that the threat to the Russian flank would remain for the duration of hostilities. For the allies, possession of Eupatoria meant that the total investment of Sevastopol remained a viable option. For the Russians, they could not afford to commit unlimited resources from their vast army to the Crimea, for fear of a lightning allied thrust from Eupatoria closing the neck of the peninsula at Perekop.
For the Ottomans, their Army had regained its self-esteem and to some extent its reputation; most French and British realised this, although others including the high command would stubbornly refuse to make further use of their fighting abilities in the Crimean theatre. A very nice example of French cavalry percussion pistol (Ref. "French Military Weapons 1717-1938", by James E. Hicks, pp. 81 and 94).
Code: 17756Price: 845.00 GBP
A Very Attractive 1860's Colt Navy Pocket 5 Shot 'Brevette' .35 CalBlued steel barrel frame and service replacement cylinder, plated blackstrap and trigger guard. Marked Colt's Patent, and Colt's New York barrel address. A large bore Colt revolver made under licence. A licence that was originally issued by the Colt Manufacturing Co., but often abused by the licenced manufacturers during the 1860's. Manufactured around 1862, A large bore Colt pattern pocket revolver, that was a secondary military weapon, used as an effective backup by men of both sides in the Civil War. A super looking pistol, and the type and pattern of revolver well renown as a highly popular pistol used in the American Civil War by the Confederate States. Guns and revolvers such as this were acquired in great numbers by arms dealers [such as the London Arms Co., et al] to serve the unquenchable thirst the South had for arms, due to it's chronic lack of industrial arms works. However, the pocket Navy type were rarer than most, due to their pocket size but large calibre round. This composite revolver actions well for it's age, and the cylinder has two small cracks on one chamber, so sold as a most attractive piece of historical weaponry as opposed to a perfectly working revolver for an American black powder shooter. S.n. 12311. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
Code: 17755Price: 995.00 GBP
A French Napoleonic Light Cavalry a la Chasseur, & Hussar Officer's SabreWith deluxe Damascus blade. A fabulous French 1st Empire Sword in very nice condition. Used in the great Napoleonic eras, from earliest Napoleonic period to the Empire, the March on Moscow [with the Grande Armee], the War of the Iberian Peninsular, and finally Waterloo. Lion's head pommel leather bound grip, single bar brass guard, Damascus steel blade with etching of crescent moon, and mystical symbols, as were popular within certain higher levels of French officers. It has a brass combat scabbard with reinforced steel drag maker marked AB. Highly evocative of the last great era of French victorious military might created by Napoleon, but was ultimately lost [and never repeated] after the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. These are a few of the battles the Regt. Chasseur-a-Cheval took part during the latter part of the Napoleonic wars;1812: Passage of the Niemen, Vitepsk, Krasnoe, Smolensk, Valoutina, La Moskowa, and le Beresina
1813: Katzbach, Wachau, Leipzig, and Glogau
1814: Montmirail and Arcis-sur-Aube
1815: Ligny and Waterloo. Originally a mixed corps of light infantry and horsemen, this force proved sufficiently effective to warrant the creation of a single corps: Dragoons-chasseurs de Conflans. In 1788 six dragoon regiments were converted to Chasseurs à cheval and during the period of the Revolutionary Wars the number was again increased, to twenty-five.
Both Napoleon's Imperial Guard and the Royal Guard of the Restoration each included a regiment of Chasseurs à cheval. In addition Napoleon added a further five line regiments to those inherited from the Revolutionary period. The Chasseurs did, however, take part in Napoleon's triumphal entry into Berlin. At Eylau (8 February 1807) the regiment took part in Murat's great charge of 80 squadrons, which relieved the pressure on the French centre at the crisis of the battle. Seventeen of the officers were hit. In addition Dahlmann was mortally wounded. He had recently been promoted general (30 December 1806), but having no command he asked to be allowed to lead his old regiment and fell at their head. Major Guyot commanded the regiment for the rest of the year, and Thiry was also promoted major (16 Febr] The scabbard has a dent below the mid section.
Code: 17754Price: 2950.00 GBP
A Pattern 1853 3 Band Enfield, Made At Enfield With VR Crown StampThe Enfield 1853 Pattern Rifle-Musket was the mainstay of the British Army and militia during the Crimean War and Indian Mutiny. It was later replaced by the Snider conversion and ultimately by the Martini Henry. This example is very attractive with it's original bayonet regimentally marked, and ramrod, profusely and fully ordnance marked throughout by the ordnance inspectors, and bears the stock roundel stamp on the butt, although this is very dark and difficult to read. It was a rifle that was also used by both the North and the South in the American Civil War, and was the second most widely used infantry weapon in the war, surpassed only by the Springfield Model 1861 Rifled Musket. The Confederates imported more Enfields during the course of the war than any other small arm, buying from private contractors and gun runners when the British government refused to sell them arms after it became obvious that the Confederacy could not win the war. It has been estimated that over 900,000 P53 Enfields were imported to America and saw service in every major engagement from the Battle of Shiloh (April, 1862) and the Siege of Vicksburg (May 1863), to the final battles of 1865. At the Battle of Gettysburg on July 2, 1863, the 20th Maine Volunteer Infantry, led by Colonel Joshua L. Chamberlain, were armed with Enfield 1853 Rifle-Muskets during their famous bayonet charge against a relentless attack by Confederate Forces attempting to destroy the left flank of the Union Army on Little Round Top. Here is an excerpt from Chamberlain's Official Battle Report:
"The intervals of the struggle were seized to remove our wounded (and those of the enemy also), to gather ammunition from the cartridge-boxes of disabled friend or foe on the field, and even to secure better muskets than the Enfields, which we found did not stand service well."
The ferocious charge of the 20th Maine, with bayonets fixed to their Enfield Rifle-Muskets, was victorious against the stunned Confederates, and Colonel Chamberlain received the Medal of Honor for his day on Little Round Top. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables. This gun in it's collecting life has been varnished and thus has a few scratches that of course can be removed. However it has protected the wood very well and it is thus in very nice condition.
Code: 17753Price: 1395.00 GBP
An American 1790 Eagle Head Pommel Spadroon SwordWith a gilt brass and ivory hilt. Very good hilt condition with much original gilt remaining. Single fullered blade, sharp point shortened at the tip. Used in the War of 1812. Straight blade, inches long.The War of 1812 was fought between the United States of America, on one side, and on the other side Great Britain and its colonies, especially Upper Canada (Ontario), Lower Canada (Quebec), Nova Scotia and Bermuda. The war was fought from 1812 to 1815 and involved both land and naval engagements. The Americans declared war on Britain on June 18, 1812, for a combination of reasons— outrage at the impressment (seizure) of thousands of American sailors into the British navy, frustration at British restraints on neutral trade while Britain warred with France, and anger at British military support for hostile Indians blocking American settlement of the Old Northwest, which by treaty with Britain belonged to the U.S. The war started badly for the Americans as their attempts to invade Canada were repeatedly repulsed by General Isaac Brock commanding a small British force. The American strategy depended on use of militias, but they either resisted service or were incompetently led. Military and civilian leadership was lacking and remained a critical American weakness until 1814. New England opposed the war and refused to provide troops or financing. Financial and logistical problems plagued the American war effort. Britain possessed excellent finance and logistics but the ongoing war with France had a higher priority, so in 1812-13 they adopted a defensive strategy. After the defeat of Napoleon in 1814 they were able to send veteran armies to invade the U.S., but by then the Americans had learned how to mobilize and fight as well. 29 inches long overall
Code: 17752Price: 695.00 GBP
A Very Good 1840's British Naval Cutlass Made By Wilkinson of Pall MallUsed in the Royal Navy in time when it ruled the oceans and patroled the Empire around the globe, in full masted sailing ships and the earliest Iron Clad battleships. Used in the Crimean War period and the Indian Mutiny. The P1845 cutlass ended the long 100 year tradition and era of the figure 8 hilt and flat straight blade. The P1845 had a 50+ year service life with only a slight modification to shorten the blade in 1889. This very nice example has an unmodified original length blade.
Code: 17751Price: 595.00 GBP
A German Third Reich, 1933 First Pattern SA Eagle Banner TopAll metal with the 1933 SA/SS pattern, double sided eagle, [the later type had a wider winged eagle] surmounting a wreathed swastika over a disc mount on a metal stand for desk mounting. A most evocative piece of history from the early 1930's of the Nuremberg Rallies, used to decorate the top of a NSDAP flag pole carried by an SA or Early SS mann. In the early 30's the SA shared the same pattern of eagle type with the SS when the SS were subordinate to the SA. Nice 'original' examples of these banner tops are now scarce and most collectable. Eagle . Weight approx 2lbs
Code: 17750Price: 845.00 GBP
Wilkinson Presentation Sword of Emperor Hailie Selassie Of EthiopiaWe know of no other sword presented for Emperor Selassie being available on the market today. This may possibly be unique in the world of sword collecting. British, Wilkinson sword, made during the reign of King George Vith, with nickel plated three bar hilt, sharkskin wire bound grip, superbly etched extra wide cavalry type blade with large Wilkinson's maker's shield, and presentation inscription, in Amharic, for Emperor Haile Selassie I. There are also two large, etched representations, of the Lion of Judah, the Emperor's personal symbol, and for use on his possessions. He was the last Emperor of the Solomonic dynasty, Conquering Lion of the Tribe of Judah, King of Kings and Elect of God. The Emperor, 23 July 1892 – died 27 August 1975, was born Tafari Makonnen Woldemikael, he was Ethiopia's regent from 1916 to 1930 and Emperor of Ethiopia from 1930 to 1974. He was the heir to a dynasty that traced its origins by tradition from King Solomon and Queen Makeda, Empress of Axum, known in the Abrahamic tradition as the Queen of Sheba. Haile Selassie is a defining figure in both Ethiopian and African history.
At the League of Nations in 1936, the Emperor condemned the use of chemical weapons by Italy against his people during the Second Italo–Ethiopian War. His internationalist views led to Ethiopia's becoming a charter member of the United Nations, and his political thought and experience in promoting multilateralism and collective security have proved seminal and enduring. His suppression of rebellions among the nobles (mekwannint), as well as what some critics perceived to be Ethiopia's failure to modernize adequately, earned him criticism among some contemporaries and historians. He has also received criticism from groups such as Human Rights Watch for allegedly ruling in a repressive and undemocratic manner. He spent decades trying to reduce the power of the nobles and decrease the burden of taxes on the peasantry. On 27 August 1942, Haile Selassie abolished the legal basis of slavery throughout the empire and imposed severe penalties, including death, for slave trading. In keeping with the principle of collective security, for which he was an outspoken proponent, he sent a contingent under General Mulugueta Bulli, known as the Kagnew Battalion, to take part in the Korean War by supporting the United Nations Command. It was attached to the American 7th Infantry Division, and fought in a number of engagements including the Battle of Pork Chop Hill.Haile Selassie contributed Ethiopian troops to the United Nations Operation in the Congo peacekeeping force during the 1960 Congo Crisis, to consolidate Congolese integrity and independence from Belgian troops, per United Nations Security Council Resolution 143. Haile Selassie contributed Ethiopian troops to the United Nations Operation in the Congo peacekeeping force during the 1960 Congo Crisis, to consolidate Congolese integrity and independence from Belgian troops, per United Nations Security Council Resolution 143. While he had fully approved of, and assured Ethiopia's participation in, UN-approved collective security operations, including Korea and Congo, Haile Selassie drew a distinction with the non-UN approved foreign intervention in Indochina, and consistently deplored it as needless suffering, calling for the Vietnam War to end on several occasions. At the same time he remained open toward the United States and commended it for making progress with African Americans' Civil Rights legislation in the 1950s and 1960s, while visiting the US several times during these years.
Among the Rastafari movement, whose followers are estimated at between 200,000 and 800,000, Haile Selassie is revered as the returned messiah of the Bible, God incarnate. Beginning in Jamaica in the 1930s, the Rastafari movement perceives Haile Selassie as a messianic figure who will lead a future golden age of eternal peace, righteousness, and prosperity Outside of Ethiopia, Haile Selassie continued to enjoy enormous prestige and respect. As the longest-serving head of state in power, he was often given precedence over other leaders at state events, such as the state funerals of John F. Kennedy and Charles de Gaulle, the summits of the Non-Aligned Movement, and the 1971 celebration of the 2,500 years of the Persian Empire. In 1970 he visited Italy as a guest of President Giuseppe Saragat, and in Milan he met Giordano Dell'Amore, President of Italian Savings Banks Association. He visited China in October 1971, and was the first foreign head of state to meet Mao Zedong following the death of Mao's designated successor Lin Biao in a plane crash in Mongolia. However, after a coup his family were deposed and the Emperor put under house arrest. On 28 August 1975, the state media reported that the "ex-monarch" Haile Selassie had died on 27 August of "respiratory failure" following complications from a prostate operation. His doctor, Asrat Woldeyes, denied that complications had occurred and rejected the government version of his death. Some imperial loyalists believed that the emperor had in fact been assassinated, and this belief remains widely held to this day.
Photo in the gallery of Emperor Hialie Selassie on Time Magazine cover in 1930
Code: 17749Price: 1495.00 GBP
A Rare Extra Large Size 1796 Heavy Cavalry Officer's Sword By ProsserMaker to the King and the Duke of York. Blade made by Runkel of Solingen. A very good example of these most desirable of George IIIrd swords used by an officer in the heavy cavalry in full dress. However, this rare example has a 'boat shell' hilt around 50% bigger than usual and is most impressive. The 'Boat Shell hilt' in very good order, with it's original multi wire bound grip, fully engraved blade with the royal cypher of King George, and maker marked, copper gilt mounted leather scabbard with the bottom section now present but the leather needs restoration. This is the pattern of sabre as was used by officer's of the Scots Greys, as part of the Union Brigade [so called as it was made up of a regiment of Heavy Cavalry from each part of Britain] were some of the finest heavy Cavalry in Europe and certainly one of the most feared. A quote of Napoleon of the charge at the Battle of Waterloo goes;
"Ces terribles chevaux gris! Comme il travaillent!" (Those terrible grey horses, how they strive!) At approximately 1:30 pm, the second phase of the Battle of Waterloo opened. Napoleon launched D'Erlon's corps against the allied centre left. After being stopped by Picton's Peninsular War veterans, D'Erlon's troops came under attack from the side by the heavy cavalry commanded by Earl of Uxbridge including Major General Sir William Ponsonby's Scots Greys. The shocked ranks of the French columns surrendered in their thousands. During the charge Sergeant Ewart, of the Greys, captured the eagle of the French 45th Ligne. The Greys charged too far and, having spiked some of the French cannon, came under counter-attack from enemy cavalry. Ponsonby, who had chosen to ride one of his less expensive mounts, was ridden down and killed by enemy lancers. The Scots Greys' casualties included: 102 killed; 97 wounded; and the loss of 228 of the 416 horses that started the charge. This engagement also gave the Scots Greys their cap badge, the eagle itself. The eagle is displayed in the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards museum in Edinburgh Castle. The swords maker Prosser of Charing Cross London was one of the best and most famous swordmakers of the Georgian era, and examples of his swords are in the Royal Collection, The Tower of London Collection, The National Maritime Museum, The British Army Museum, and most of the finest British sword collections in the world. Runkel, blade maker, was as equally famous a gentleman in the 18th century for the supplying of finest sword blades for British Officers. He was most interestingly, however, also infamous for being imprisoned in Newgate Prison, at least once, for evading import duty and other 'dubious' practices, probably bribery. This sword is in very good but used condition, with most of it's original finest gilt remaining to the copper hilt. However, part of the scabbard bottom is lacking.
Code: 17748Price: 2775.00 GBP
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