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An African Congo Tribal Shield, Mongo Tribe.
Long ovoid form shield with geometric pattern decoration. Carved wood with rattan bound edging.The Mongo are one of the Bantu groups of Central Africa, forming the second largest ethnic group in the Democratic Republic of Congo. They are a diverse collection of peoples living in the equatorial forest, south of the main Congo River bend and north of the Kasai and Sankuru Rivers. This area is in the south of the province of Équateur and the north of Bandundu Province.

The Mongo speak either the Mongo language (also called Nkundo) or one of the related languages in the Bantu Mongo family. The Lingala language, however, often replaces Mongo in urban centers. Along with the Luba and the Kongo, they are the three largest ethnic groups in the country.

The Mongo ethnic group is divided into several tribes including Bolia, Bokote, Bongandu, Iyaelima, Konda, Mbole, Nkutu, Ntomba, Sengele, Songomeno, Dengese and Tetela-Kusu, Bakutu, Boyela. 16 inches x 35 inches

Code: 18653Price: 475.00 GBP


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A Superb Original Cased Iron Cross 1st Class Silver & Iron. Hallmarked 800
Convex dome top. A wonderfully crisp WW1 example. Original box in very good order. The Iron Cross comes in two grades, Second Class and First Class. This example the Iron Cross First Class could only be awarded for an act of outstanding bravery and also to one who had previously received the Iron Cross Second Class. Hence, the First Class was more restricted and more highly prized. When the Iron Cross First Class was awarded, the Iron Cross Second Class was signified with a small ribbon attached to a button. Adolf Hitler was awarded this identical type of 1st Class Iron Cross in WW1, and always wore it throughout WW2 with pride. Next to the Victoria Cross, it is the most famous medal in the world. The Iron Cross was awarded for bravery in battle as well as other conspicuos military contributions in a battlefield environment. The Iron Cross 2nd Class came with a ribbon and was worn in one of two different methods: When in formal dress, the entire cross was worn mounted alone or as part of a medal bar. For everyday wear, only the ribbon was worn from the second hole in the tunic button.
The Iron Cross is a black four-pointed cross with white trim, with the arms widening toward the ends, similar to a cross pattée. It was designed by the neoclassical architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel and reflects the cross borne by the Teutonic Knights in the 14th century.

The ribbon for the 1813, 1870 and 1914 Iron Cross (2nd Class) was black with two thin white bands, the colours of Prussia. The non-combatant version of this award had the same medal, but the black and white colours on the ribbon were reversed.

Initially the Iron Cross was worn with the blank side out. This did not change until 1838 when the sprig facing could be presented.

Since the Iron Cross was issued over several different periods of German history, it was annotated with the year indicating the era in which it was issued. For example, an Iron Cross from the First World War bears the year "1914", while the same decoration from the Second World War is annotated "1939". The reverse of the 1870, 1914 and 1939 series of Iron Crosses have the year "1813" appearing on the lower arm, symbolizing the year the award was created. The 1813 decoration also has the initials "FW" for King Frederick William III, while the next two have a "W" for the respective kaisers, Wilhelm I and Wilhelm II. The final version shows a swastika.

It was also possible for a holder of the 1914 Iron Cross to be awarded a second or higher grade of the 1939 Iron Cross. In such cases, a "1939 Clasp" (Spange) would be worn on the original 1914 Iron Cross. (A similar award was made in 1914 but was quite rare, since there were few in service who held the 1870 Iron Cross.) For the First Class award the Spange appears as an eagle with the date "1939" that was pinned above the Cross. Although two separate awards, in some cases the holders soldered them together.

A cross was the symbol of the Teutonic Knights (a heraldic cross pattée), and the cross design (but not the specific decoration) has been the symbol of Germany's armed forces (now the Bundeswehr) since 1871. As with all our items, each one comes with our unique, lifetime guarantee, certificate of authenticity

Code: 18652Price: 425.00 GBP


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An 18th C. Bichwa, 'Scorpion Sting', A Serpentine Bladed Assassin's Dagger
An most interesting dagger called a Bichwa from Southern India. Known as a 'scorpion sting' dagger for the recurved shape of its blade and presumably its lethalness, these forms of dagger were used primarily by assassins, and for concealment in close fighting, the looped grip fitting into the palm of the hand and the guard over the finger could be used to parry and to punch. A famous figure from Indian history was attacked by this very form of assassin dagger, his name was Afzal Khan. He was an Afghan commander who served the Adil Shahi dynasty of Bijapur, and fought against the Marathas. After he treacherously tried to murder the Maratha chief Shivaji during a meeting, he was violently killed by the Marathas, and his army was defeated in the Battle of Pratapgad in 1659. A meeting was arranged before the battle, between the two great warrior Generals, Afzal Khan and Shivaji, likely to discuss proposals for surrender or truce. However, Shivaji was warned of Khan's intended treacherous nature, so he protected himself by wearing concealed armour and carried a tigers claw and a scorpion's sting. At the pre-arranged meeting Afzal Khan graciously embraced Shivaji as per custom. But then he suddenly tightened his clasp, gripped Shivaji's neck in his left arm and struck him with a katar. Shivaji, saved by his concealed armour, recovered and counter-attacked Afzal Khan with wagh nakh [tiger's claw], disemboweling him. He then stabbed Khan with his bichwa [scorpion sting dagger], and ran out of the tent towards his men.

Afzal Khan cried out and Sayeed Banda, his protector who was regarded the best swordsman in the whole of Decca at that time, rushed to the scene and attacked Shivaji with his patta, cutting his turban. Shivaji's bodyguard Jiva Mahala intervened, chopping off Sayeed Banda' s right arm in a quick combat before killing him.

Meanwhile, Afzal Khan's bearers placed their wounded leader in his palki (litter vehicle), but they were attacked by Sambhaji Kavji. Sambhaji eventually killed Afzal Khan by decapitating him

Code: 18649Price: 395.00 GBP


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A Superior WW2 German Heer Officer's Dagger and Hanging Straps
Made by Ernst Packe & Sohne of Solingen, Siegfried Waffen logo mark. From a Heer officer Heer officer's, of the 6th Co. II Infantry Regt 63, Ingolstadt. The photograph in the gallery being worn by an officer owner. We had from this regiment a set of original WW2 German army souvenirs, [collected by a British soldier] another dagger, a photo of the officer wearing it, an officer's portopee and a photo album of the regiment. All those other pieces were sold in a just few days this week. Just one of this Infantry regiments heroes was Johannes "Johann" Lutz who was a highly decorated Leutnant in the Wehrmacht during World War II. He was also known as the Panzerknacker of Battle of Hürtgen Forest and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Lutz was captured by US forces in April 1945 and was held until November 1945.
on November the 17th 1938 he entered the service of the 'Wehrmacht' at the Infantry-Regiment 63 in Ingolstadt. There he was trained as a machine gunner. From the on-set of the war he participated in the Invasion of Poland as a MG-1 gunner. During the Battle of France he acted as a group leader. On 11 October 1940 the second battalion was incorporated into the 'Kradschützenbataillon'.

At the beginning of the campaign in the Soviet Union, Lutz was the leader of the 3rd infantry group to the 'Kradschützenbatallion 17'. As early as the 2 July 1941 he was awarded the Iron Cross 2nd Class. Later on Lutz was transferred to the 6th 'Panzergrenadier-Regiment 63', where he served as the leader of a company. At Orel Lutz was awarded the Iron Cross 1st Class, on the 28 August 1942. In 1943 Lutz was trained as an officer at the gun-school in Ohrdruf in Thuringia and in Groß Glienicke near Berlin. In 1944 he participated in a master course for technical tank officers at the Panzertruppenschule Krampnitz. After the beginning of the Invasion of Normandy in 1944 Lutz was assigned as a troop leader for the first troop of the 'Divisionsbegleitkompanie' of the 116th Panzer Division. With the division he fought at Arnheim and later in the bloody battles in the Eifel.

In the combat zone of Aachen he was awarded with the Knights Cross of the Iron Cross on 9 December 1944 for the occupation and protection of Vossenack. During this fight in Hürtgenwald he destroyed 5 US Tanks within one day. Following this the first troop of the 'Divisionsbegleitkompanie' was signed into the 'Ehrenblatt' of the 116 tank division. After this Lutz became company leader and first lieutenant and fought in the Ruhr Pocket. On 20 April 1945 Lutz became an American prisoner of war, at this point he served as adjutant to the combat commander in the Harz mountains.

Code: 18647Price: 695.00 GBP


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A Very Good 400 Year Bladed Japanese Naval Officers Sword
A deluxe mounted Japanese traditional sword with the Imperial Japanese naval officer's deluxe saya of polished and lacquered giant ray skin with twin saya mounts. Blade with sugaha hamon in Edo polish. The tradition of using an ancestors blade, used centuries before by a samurai warrior, was highly prized by the most fortunate 1% of officers in Japan during WW2. Usually by officers of samurai ancestry that were fortunate to still possess and were permitted by their family to carry these wonderful ancient blades in their service sword. They were subsequently mounted in fittings of the time in WW2. Either for an Army officer or much rarely for a Naval officer. This is one of the latter Naval use swords, where the tsuka [hilt] still has it's original Edo fittings, that were likely leather covered during the war period. The Edo fushi kashira are of patinated copper with golden dragons over hand punched nanako, with complimentary copper dragon menuki. The tsuba is a simple patinated copper plate type in the plain naval style. Blade shows natural combat wear but very nice indeed overall.

Code: 18646Price: 2695.00 GBP


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A Fabulous and Huge South Seas Island War Club in Palm Wood
In superb condition with stunning patina. Clubs were the South Seas Islanders favourite weapon, who in the early 19th century lived in a virtually constant state of warfare. A greater variety of clubs were made on Fiji than in many other Pacific islands, but by 1870 the iron axe has almost superseded the wood club as a fighting weapon. The hatchet or splitting axe head being hafted onto long club type handles. This early example from the 18th or 19th century has a very long haft and a fabulous patina over time. To fully appreciate these clubs it is important to understand the environment they came from. It is reasonable to assume with number of huge fortifications and highly specific types of weapons warfare was a day to day part of life. An item very likely traded from the time of Cpt's Cook and Bligh.
The goal of Europeans who sailed the Pacific during the 17th and 18th centuries was to find terra australis incognita, the great 'unknown southern land' later called Australia. Some of them bumped into Fiji on the way.

Abel Tasman became the first European to sail past the Fiji islands in 1643, and his descriptions of treacherous reef systems kept mariners away for the next 130 years. The English navigator James Cook visited uneventfully, stopping on Vatoa in the southern Lau Group in 1774. After the famous mutiny on the Bounty in 1789, Captain Bligh and his castaway companions passed between Vanua Levu and Viti Levu, through a channel now known as Bligh Water.

Tongans had long traded colourful kula feathers, masi (printed bark cloth) and weapons with the eastern Fiji islands. From the early 19th century, European whalers, and traders of sandalwood and bêche-de-mer (sea cucumber), tackled their fears of reefs and cannibals and also began to visit.

Fragrant sandalwood was highly valued in Europe and Southeast Asia. Tongans initially controlled the trade, obtaining sandalwood from the chiefs of Bau Bay on Vanua Levu, and then selling it to the Europeans. However, when Oliver Slater - a survivor of the shipwrecked Argo - discovered the location of the supply, he spread the news of its whereabouts and in 1805 Europeans began to trade directly with Fijians, bartering metal tools, tobacco, cloth, muskets and gunpowder. By 1813 the accessible supply of sandalwood was exhausted, but the introduction of firearms and the resulting increase in violent tribal warfare were lasting consequences of the trade.
Warfare in Fiji was a way of life. The Fijian’s produced what seemed to be an infinite array of the most equisitely sculptured warclubs. As collectors it is easy to appreciate their form, beauty and rarity, and forget how deadly these objects are. To fully appreciate these clubs it is important to understand the environment they came from. It is reasonable to assume with number of huge fortifications and highly specific types of weapons warfare was a day to day part of the most readable and absorbing book on this is by Fergus Clunie ‘Fijian Weapons and Warfare” which has recently been reprinted.
This club is similar to the Vunikau type or root stock club. Like other root type clubs it is often called after the root from which they are made. Some of the clubs are designed to slash and snap. Others like the Vunikau are for smashing and crushing.
The designs followed tradition and didn’t often vary although the quality of carving did. 51 inches long overall

Code: 18645Price: 895.00 GBP


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A Very Good French 19th Century Crimean War and Franco Prussian War Pouch
Artillery officers pounch with a leather ground and gilt bronze borders and large gilt bronze mountings with wide cross belt hangers. Red morocco leather lining.

Code: 18644Price: On Request


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A Delightful Armour Piercing Samurai Tanto Around 500 Years Old
With a most powerful armour piercing blade showing a very fine hamon. The mounts are decorated with a flock of geese flying in formation over high mounted fishing nets in a shower of rain of pure gold. The seppa are beautifully carved with deep casellated edging. The tsuba is an oval plate in iron with a full relief edge decoration of prunus. Superb ribbed lacquer saya with a pure gold decorated kodzuka. The blade is in super condition for it's age, with a small rice grain sized blemish to one side of the blade

Code: 18643Price: 2995.00 GBP


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A Fine Shin-Shinto Katana Signed Shoji Naotane Circa 1830
With a fine blade superb undulating notare hamon in very fine original polish. Naotane was retained by the Akimoto family of the Tatebayashi clan as well as his teacher then titled as Chikuzen Daijo in 1822 and promoted Mino no Suke in 1848. Naotane died in 1857 at the age of 80. Sword made in the Bakumatsu era of the tradition of Bizen-den, School of Suishinshi, after Naotane.

Code: 18642Price: 3995.00 GBP


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A Fine Indo Persian Dhal Shield With Gold & Silver Koftgari Work
Probably 18th to 19th century. Decorated with four central scalloped and pierced bosses and gold inlaid panels showing tigers attacking antelopes, and some form of diety or warrior. The rolled edge rimm is bordered with patterns of silver koftgari. The interesting feature is the diety/ warrior appears to be armoured, and in one panel is holding aloft two severed heads. Still with it's inner padded liner. This has just returned from the workshop being expertly cleaned and conserved for future generations . When it arrived it was almost all black, and has required over 40 hours work to clean to museum exhibition grade. Dhal. The Indian shield, also used in Persia (sipar) and other countries in between. It is nearly always round and varies in diameter from about eight inches to twenty four inches. Some Dhal shields are nearly flat while others are strongly convex, or curved. The edges may be flat or rolled back in the reverse direction to that of the curvature of the shield. It is held by two handles fastened to ring bolts that pass through the shield and are riveted to bosses on the outside. Between the handles there is a square cushion for the knuckles to rest against. The handles are so placed that, when tightly grasped, they force the backs of the fingers against the cushion giving a very firm and comfortable hold. Some Persian shields have three handles, two placed at the center as usual, and the third near the edge. The arm can be passed through the third loop and the center handles held in the hand; or it can be held by the center handles only. The steel shields are usually inlaid with gold, silver and precious stones. The entire surface is sometimes covered with inscriptions. The hide shields are decorated with gilding and painting, the best with lac. The bosses are always ornamental, either by their shape alone, or through inlaying with gold, silver and jewels. The metal shields are lined generally with velvet, sometimes embroidered with colors, gold or silver. Shields were formerly made in Persia of concentric rings of cane covered with silk threads woven on in patterns. Most of those we know were captured at Vienna after the siege by the Turks

Code: 18641Price: 1395.00 GBP

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